HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Alcohol abuse may increase susceptibility to HIV infection

  • Alcohol abuse among people with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is significant.
  • Researchers used simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus monkeys to examine the combined effects of chronic, binge alcohol consumption on the primary stage of SIV/HIV infection.
  • Binge drinking appears to increase the host's susceptibility to SIV/HIV infection.

Alcohol abuse among people with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is significant; one study found that 41 percent of HIV-infected patients met the criteria for alcoholism. Although alcohol abuse and HIV infection individually compromise immune function, the consequences of both conditions together is poorly understood. A study in the March issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research used simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus monkeys to examine the combined effects of chronic, binge alcohol consumption on the primary stage of SIV/HIV infection. Researchers found that alcohol consumption may increase host susceptibility to SIV/HIV infection.

"The prevalence of alcohol abuse among HIV-infected people is at least twice that found in the general population in the United States," said Gregory J. Bagby, Kai and Earl Rozas professor of physiology at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center and first author of the study. "Several studies indicate that individuals who abuse alcohol engage in risky behaviors such as unprotected sex with multiple partners. By itself this behavior would increase the chances of becoming infected with HIV. What is not known is whether alcohol intoxication or chronic alcohol consumption alters susceptibility to infection upon exposure to HIV beyond the behavioral effects of alcohol."

Twenty-two male rhesus monkeys, four to six years of age, were given either alcohol or sucrose for four days per week for three months. The alcohol doses were individualized in order to achieve plas
'"/>


14-Mar-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Alcohol-use and depression among pregnant and postpartum women
2. Alcoholism risk linked to gene involved in brain chemistry
3. Alcohol consumption can damage hearing
4. Alcohol-dependence gene identified
5. Alcohol exposure in pre- and early post-natal stages may cause insulin resistance
6. Alcoholics with antisocial personality disorder have blunted emotional reactivity
7. Alcohols pharmacological properties, not smell or taste, reinforce its effects
8. Alcohol researchers relate a genetic factor to anxiety in women
9. Alcohol researchers identify a genetic basis of pain response
10. Alcohols effects on testosterone
11. Alcohol-intoxication slows bodys efforts to restore normal blood pressure after small blood loss

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/14/2018)... (PRWEB) , ... December 14, 2018 , ... ... patent number 9,703,929 entitled “Method and System for Microbiome-Derived Diagnostics and Therapeutics” by ... date of October 21, 2014. The patent is an invention by uBiome collaborators ...
(Date:12/13/2018)... ... December 12, 2018 , ... ... of regenerative cellular therapy, has announced the launch of Maxx-Cell, the world's most ... gold standard approach of aspirating a patients autologous bone marrow cells. Maxx™-Cell however ...
(Date:12/13/2018)... ... 2018 , ... Biocompare, the leading online information resource for ... to Know about Antibody Manufacturing” . This educational resource is the third documentary ... film is to educate scientists about antibody production, validation, and responsible sourcing. The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2019)... ... January 17, 2019 , ... ... Partner announces the launch of a specialized automation technology, titled Automate 3D. Automate ... automatic generation of models and drawings to deliver to end-users, customers, and ERP ...
(Date:1/11/2019)... ... 11, 2019 , ... Drawing on over 22 years of software development expertise, ... EST will explore some of the key lessons that have driven customer satisfaction with ... multiple vendors, and find out how to ensure that you continue to be able ...
(Date:1/8/2019)... ... January 08, 2019 , ... The American Society of ... were named by a selection committee made up of industry leaders identified by the ... Development grants are mentored awards created to support ASGCT members designing transformative pilot studies ...
(Date:1/4/2019)... , ... January 03, 2019 , ... ... forefront of oncolytic virus-based immunotherapies for cancer, today announced the founding of a ... receive critical input and guidance from key leaders in the Immuno-Oncology field. The ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: