HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Alcoholism risk linked to gene involved in brain chemistry

Indianapolis -- A research team headed by Indiana University School of Medicine scientists has identified a gene that is strongly linked to an individual's risk of developing alcoholism.

The gene identified, GABRA2, is one of several genes that produce parts of the receptor for the brain's primary inhibitory neurotransmitter, GABA. GABA is a chemical messenger that carries information between nerve cells; when GABA binds to the GABA-receptors on a nerve cell, it inhibits the firing of that cell. GABA is known to be involved with some of the body's responses to alcohol consumption, such as loss of physical coordination, effect on mood, and alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

Alcoholism, which affects nearly 14 million Americans and can cause many social and health problems costing society an estimated $185 billion annually, is what scientists call a "complex" disease, meaning that many genes as well as environmental factors play a role in whether a person develops the disease.

While there is not one single "gene that causes alcoholism" the statistical link between this gene and the risk for alcoholism is powerful, said Howard J. Edenberg, Ph.D., Chancellor's Professor at the IU School of Medicine. Edenberg was the lead researcher for the study, which appears in the April issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics.

"Statistically, this is very strong evidence that this gene affects the risk of alcoholism," said Edenberg, professor of biochemistry and molecular biology and of medical and molecular genetics.

As researchers identify genes and brain signaling pathways associated with alcoholism -- and learn how they vary from one person to another -- opportunities should arise for development of more precisely targeted drugs, and for individualized approaches to prevent and treat alcoholism, Edenberg said.

"We may be able to target therapies and preventative treatments based on individual characteristics," he said. The res
'"/>

Contact: Eric Schoch
eschoch@iupui.edu
317-274-7722
Indiana University
15-Apr-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. UCSF Research Team Looking For Volunteers For Nationwide Study On Family Traits And Alcoholism
2. Genetic mutations linked to the practice of burning coal in homes in China
3. Enzyme maintaining chromosome ends is linked to bone cancer recurrence, decreased survival
4. Protein involved in childhood disorder linked to cancer
5. Mouse study shows NPAS3 and NPAS1 genes may be linked to psychosis
6. Gene linked to cleft lip and palate identified
7. Schizophrenia gene variant linked to risk traits
8. Gene changes linked to increased eye pressure may have implications for glaucoma therapy
9. Excess levels of nitrogen, phosphorus linked to deformed frogs
10. Genetic mutation linked to more aggressive breast cancer found more often in African-Americans
11. LBP-1a gene mutation linked to disruption of normal fetal development

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/1/2016)... YORK , June 1, 2016 ... Technology in Election Administration and Criminal Identification to Boost ... to a recently released TechSci Research report, " Global ... By Region, Competition Forecast and Opportunities, 2011 - 2021", ... 24.8 billion by 2021, on account of growing security ...
(Date:5/12/2016)... , May 12, 2016 WearablesResearch.com , ... published the overview results from the Q1 wave of ... recent wave was consumers, receptivity to a program where ... with a health insurance company. "We were ... share," says Michael LaColla , CEO of Troubadour ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... GOTHENBURG, Sweden , April 28, 2016 ... 1,491.2 M (139.9), up 966% compared with the first quarter of ... Operating profit totaled SEK 589.1 M (loss: 18.8) and the operating ... SEK 7.12 (loss: 0.32) Cash flow from operations was ... , The 2016 revenue guidance is unchanged, SEK 7,000-8,500 M. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Houston ... with the Cy-Fair Sports Association to serve as ... the agreement, Houston Methodist Willowbrook will provide sponsorship ... and connectivity with association coaches, volunteers, athletes and ... with the Cy-Fair Sports Association and to bring ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016   EpiBiome , a precision microbiome ... in debt financing from Silicon Valley Bank (SVB). The ... to advance its drug development efforts, as well as ... "SVB has been an incredible strategic partner to ... traditional bank would provide," said Dr. Aeron Tynes ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Apellis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today ... trials of its complement C3 inhibitor, APL-2. The ... ascending dose studies designed to assess the safety, ... injection in healthy adult volunteers. Forty ... a single dose (ranging from 45 to 1,440mg) ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... the Pennsylvania Convention Center and will showcase its product’s latest features from June ... be presenting a scientific poster on Disrupting Clinical Trials in The Cloud during ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: