HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
All sides are not created equal as babies process speech

CHICAGO For the first time, researchers have used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate infant brain activity in response to speech and have found that, almost from birth, the brain's left hemisphere plays the leading role in processing most language functions. These preliminary findings, presented today at the 89th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), challenge the previously held belief that left-hemisphere dominance isn't fully developed until puberty.

"Language lateralization seems to be established almost from birth," said Shantanu Sinha, Ph.D., associate professor of radiology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, where the study is ongoing. Lateralization is the localization of a function, such as speech, to the right or left side of the brain.

"To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time fMRI has been used to study infants," Dr. Sinha said. "Using fMRI, we can noninvasively study the neuronal response of newborns to stimulation of different kinds, without any ionizing radiation or pharmaceutical injections."

As part of a larger, longitudinal study monitoring the cognitive development of infants with brain injury from birth to age 2, the researchers performed fMRI exams on 42 infants with documented brain injury. The fMRI analysis only included cases where both sides of the brain were equally capable of developing and excluded children with brain trauma that was evident on the MR images.

The infants were not sedated, but were asleep during the procedure. During fMRI, the infants listened through headphones to tapes consisting of scanner noise, nonsense speech and "motherese" speech. While the experiments were not sensitive enough to establish whether the infant brains were able to distinguish between the two types of speech, definite left-hemisphere-dominant activation patterns were apparent during
'"/>

Contact: Maureen Morley
mmorley@rsna.org
630-590-7754
Radiological Society of North America
2-Dec-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. UC Riversides Derek Roff says global warming may threaten endangered species
2. Roadsides may provide butterfly corridors
3. USGS To Study Young Forests And Streamsides In Western Oregon
4. Roadsides Benefit From Waste, UF Researchers Say
5. Super-effective jumping gene created
6. 22-amino acid bacterium created by Scripps scientists
7. Artificial prions created
8. Mouse embryonic germ cells and male gametes created in the lab
9. Couch potatoes may be created in the womb, not at the dinner table
10. The fixed hotspot that created Hawaii was not stationary after all, study finds
11. All species are not created equal when assessing the impacts of species loss on ecosystems

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: All sides are not created equal babies process speech

(Date:8/29/2014)... of the Tibetan plateau -- the largest topographic anomaly ... both its profound effect on climate and its reflection ... GSA Bulletin , Katharine Huntington and colleagues employ a ... modern and fossil snail shells to investigate the uplift ... , Views range widely on the timing of surface ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... of bacterial culprits that may drive inflammatory bowel diseases ... patients, own intestinal immune responses as a guide. , ... Cell . , Trillions of bacteria exist within ... in the development and progression of IBD. Yet it,s ... affect a person,s susceptibility to IBD and its potential ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... E-cigarettes are healthier for your neighbors than traditional ... according to a new study from USC. , ... overall 10-fold decrease in exposure to harmful particles, ... of exposure to some harmful metals in second-hand ... , While tobacco smoke contains high levels of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Snails tell of the rise and fall of the Tibetan Plateau 2Snails tell of the rise and fall of the Tibetan Plateau 3Snails tell of the rise and fall of the Tibetan Plateau 4Snails tell of the rise and fall of the Tibetan Plateau 5Snails tell of the rise and fall of the Tibetan Plateau 6Snails tell of the rise and fall of the Tibetan Plateau 7Yale study identifies possible bacterial drivers of IBD 2Second-hand e-cig smoke compared to regular cigarette smoke 2
(Date:8/28/2014)... MA (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 “This kit ... test to screen from 0 to 150 ppb,” said Mark ... is a significant benefit to plant owners and USDA-GIPSA inspection ... and other commodities. Testing can take place in a matter ... only can the plant test the feed and grain before ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 28, 2014  Next month, executives from clinical trial marketing ... events beginning with Patient-Centered Clinical Trials 2014 , to ... Boston , September 4-5. Patient recruitment experts Bonnie ... Fleishman will share insights on the benefits of employing ... tactics – from media to mobile apps – can be ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... Washington, USA (PRWEB) August 27, 2014 ... next month for SPIE Laser Damage 2014 ... optical materials for high-power lasers will run 14-17 September. ... society for optics and photonics . , The premier ... for understanding laser damage to optical materials will engage ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... NY (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 Whitehouse ... its long term partnership with PTI Inspection Systems ... clients with state of the art leak testing method ... the art instruments currently available. As part of this ... High Voltage Leak Detection Instrument developed and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:BBK Worldwide Leads Sessions at Key September Events 2Laser Damage to Draw Researchers, Engineers, Scientists to 46th Annual Conference 2Laser Damage to Draw Researchers, Engineers, Scientists to 46th Annual Conference 3Whitehouse Labs Renews Partnership with PTI Inspection Systems 2Whitehouse Labs Renews Partnership with PTI Inspection Systems 3
Cached News: