HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Ancient brewery discovered on mountaintop in Peru

CHICAGO--Archaeologists working in southern Peru found an ancient brewery more than 1,000 years old. Remains of the brewing facility were uncovered on Cerro Bal, a mountaintop city over 8,000 feet above sea level, which was home to elite members of the Wari Empire from AD 600-1000.

Predating the Inca Empire by at least four centuries, this Wari brewery was used to make chicha, a fermented beverage similar to beer that played an important role in ritual feasting and drinking during Peru's first empire. Ancient Peruvians made chicha with local grains and fruit, which is quite different from today's commercial beers typically made with barley and hops.

"We believe this important find may be the oldest large-scale brewery ever found in the Andes," said Patrick Ryan Williams, PhD, Assistant Curator of Anthropology at The Field Museum.

"The scale of chicha production in this building with multiple fires and vats, indicates that this was not a home-brewing operation," he added. "It was an elaborate brewery that produced massive amounts of chicha."

Cerro Bal is about 250 miles south of Cuzco. In early July, Dr. Williams and colleagues from The Field Museum and the University of Florida discovered more than 20 preparation vats and the remains of what were once open-hearth fire pits. In the fire pits, hot-burning llama and guinea pig dung, along with other refuse from the settlement, were used to boil water and other ingredients to make chicha. These fire pits revealed ash and broken shards of the large ceramic preparation vats, which held 10-15 gallons.

Boiling fruits or grains is the first step in preparing chicha. Like the mash created in the beer brewing process, the boiling vats contained the sugary mass that would be converted to alcohol in the fermentation stage. From these boiling vats, the liquid would be transferred to fermenting jars where it was converted into chichi in about 5-7 days.

In the brewery, researchers also found
'"/>

Contact: Greg Borzo
gborzo@fieldmuseum.org
312-665-7106
Field Museum
27-Jul-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Ancient life form may help create newest technologies
2. Ancient Greeks help scientists build environmentally friendly nano devices
3. Ancient DNA mutations permitted humans to adapt to colder climates, UCI researchers find
4. Ancient Inca road in desperate need of protection
5. Ancient DNA analysis unveils mystery of historys most horribly deformed man -- The Elephant Man
6. Ancient pollen yields insight into forest biodiversity
7. Ancient defense mechanism may still be protecting us
8. Ancient flower fossil points to underwater origins
9. Ancient supernova may have triggered eco-catastrophe
10. Ancient Chinese folk remedy may hold key to non-toxic cancer treatment
11. Ancient reptile is efficient chewer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/6/2019)... Va. (PRWEB) , ... November 06, 2019 , ... ... today that Donald Stanski, MD, a senior pharmaceutical industry executive with expertise in ... and simulation for drug and disease strategic data analytics, has joined the firm ...
(Date:11/5/2019)... ... November 05, 2019 , ... Dr. Lauren Kopp celebrates ... to Seattle, WA, including porcelain veneers , smile makeovers, dental implants, and ... of Washington, Dr. Kopp is passionate about serving her Seattle community with empathy ...
(Date:10/30/2019)... Va. (PRWEB) , ... October 30, 2019 , ... ... offering from the Farm Credit Knowledge Center in which participants will learn about ... industry best practice relating to these technologies. , Participants will have the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/2/2019)... ... October 31, 2019 , ... A clinical ... with each other: study managers, principal investigators, supply chain managers, manufacturers, IRT, CRAs ... not informed of the latest data, potentially leading to patient risk. , By ...
(Date:10/29/2019)... ... 2019 , ... CaroGen Corporation , a biotechnology company, today announced three ... Jack R Wands, MD, of Brown University , Dr. Steve Projan, PhD, ... MD, PhD, of Wayne State University, formerly a professor at Yale University School of ...
(Date:10/22/2019)... ... October 22, 2019 , ... Catalent, a global leader in clinical supply services, ... Integration, will participate in a panel session titled “Cell and Gene Therapy Logistics” at ... Gwen Hotel, Chicago, on Oct. 28-30, 2019. , The panel session, on Wednesday, Oct. ...
(Date:10/15/2019)... , ... October 14, 2019 , ... ARPR , an award-winning tech PR agency ... honored as a Health Care Agency of the Year in the Ragan’s Health Care ... as a finalist by Ragan’s. The firm also revealed today that its healthIT practice group ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: