HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Anticancer drug reveals alternate means of inducing cell suicide

Derivatives of the COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib can trigger cancer cell suicide, or apoptosis, but not necessarily through the recognized means of blocking COX-2 enzyme activity, a new study concludes. By separating COX-2 activity from apoptosis, researchers have a starting point for designing new classes of anticancer drugs, write Xueqin Song, Ching-Shih Chen, Ph.D., Ohio State University, and their coworkers in the April 17 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Celecoxib, an anti-inflammation pill for arthritis, is being studied for its potential in preventing and treating certain cancers. In a large percentage of tumors, the COX-2 enzyme is elevated, say Ernest T. Hawk, M.D., M.P.H., of the National Cancer Institute, and his coworkers in an accompanying editorial. They point out that past studies have shown that decreasing levels of COX-2 can suppress the growth of tumors. However, it has been unclear whether celecoxibs anticancer effects depend on COX-2 inhibition alone.

To find out, Chen and his coworkers created prostate cancer cells lacking the COX-2 enzyme. In contrast to the effects of COX-2 inhibitors such as celecoxib, which induce cell death, cells that lacked COX-2 remained alive. Exposure of these cells lacking COX-2 to various COX-2 inhibitors did lead to cell death. Whats more, derivatives of celecoxib that did not block COX-2 activity also caused cell death.

The authors note that these events were associated not with levels of COX-2 but with decreased phosphorylation of Akt and ERK2 proteins. This mode of action differs from that of conventional anticancer drugs, they point out.

In the accompanying editorial, Hawk and his colleagues note that celecoxib is being tested for the treatment and prevention of colon cancer and that newer generations of COX-2 inhibitors could prove to be safer and more effective.

However, they point out that the current findings are based on concentrations of c
'"/>

Contact: Linda Wang
jncinews@oup-usa.org
301-841-1287
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
16-Apr-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Anticancer drug zebularine specifically targets tumor cells
2. The Bodys Anticancer Weaponry Backfires In Old Age
3. Enzymes "Magic" May Hold Key to Anticancer and Antimicrobial Drugs
4. Hidden diversity: DNA barcoding reveals a common butterfly is actually 10 different species
5. Brown research reveals key insight into memory-making
6. Study reveals why eyes in some paintings seem to follow viewers
7. New dye directly reveals activated proteins in living cells
8. Study reveals first genetic step necessary for prostate cancer growth
9. Study of flu patients reveals virus outsmarting key drug
10. Study in Science reveals recreational fishing takes big bite of ocean catch
11. Plumbing trees plumbing reveals their engineering skill

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Anticancer drug reveals alternate means inducing cell suicide

(Date:11/21/2014)... 20, 2014 C-Labs LLC, a leading provider ... Things (IoT), today announced the appointment of John ... Previously a strategic advisor to the firm, Mr. Traynor ... Traynor is based out of the C-Labs office in ... Chris Muench , Chief Executive Officer. ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... , Nov. 18, 2014   EyeLock ... authentication solutions, and MorphoTrust USA (Safran), ... services, today announced a strategic partnership to offer ... motor vehicle administration (MVA), airport screening and financial ... identity-related solutions, MorphoTrust serves consumers through a nationwide ...
(Date:11/7/2014)... Dr. Debra Auguste, associate professor, biomedical engineering, in ... College of New York, have identified a molecule ... of the most aggressive forms of breast cancer. ... high mortality rate owing to aggressive proliferation and ... However, Professor Auguste,s team, discovered the overexpression of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):C-Labs Names Former Microsoft and Bsquare Executive as Chief Operating Officer 2EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 2EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 3
(Date:11/26/2014)... Sunnyvale, CA (PRWEB) November 25, 2014 ... joins forces with RPM Alliance , provider ... and pharmaceutical companies. With the latest addition to its ... only free validated EDC system to India. , ... as a robust and customizable EDC platform which is ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... 2014 Global biostimulants market is ... at an estimated CAGR of 12.5%. In order ... products with least ecological impacts, farmers are looking ... boost crop yield more effectively & efficiently. Biostimulants ... improve the return on investments. , Leading companies ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... N.J. and WILMINGTON, DE (PRWEB) November 26, 2014 ... 2nd Annual MPN Heroes recognition reception on December 5, ... of Hematology’s annual meeting. The MPN Heroes event will ... contributions in the field of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). ... show "Nashville," will discuss his family's cancer journey at ...
(Date:11/26/2014)... 2014 Bio-Techne Corporation (NASDAQ: TECH ... Gavin to serve in a newly created position ... Mr. Gavin will be responsible for managing the operations ... ProteinSimple business acquired in July 2014 and the recently ... California -based ProteinSimple develops and commercializes proprietary systems ...
Breaking Biology Technology:RPM Alliance Joins Clinovo’s CRO Partnership Program, Further Strengthening Its Presence in Southern California and India 22019 Biostimulants Market to Grow at a CAGR of 12.5% Says a New Research Report Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 22019 Biostimulants Market to Grow at a CAGR of 12.5% Says a New Research Report Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 32019 Biostimulants Market to Grow at a CAGR of 12.5% Says a New Research Report Available at RnRMarketResearch.com 4CURE Magazine and Incyte to Honor MPN Heroes 2CURE Magazine and Incyte to Honor MPN Heroes 3CURE Magazine and Incyte to Honor MPN Heroes 4Bio?Techne Announces Appointment Of Robert Gavin As Leader Of New Protein Platforms Division 2Bio?Techne Announces Appointment Of Robert Gavin As Leader Of New Protein Platforms Division 3
Cached News: