HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Armies of fighting fungi protect chocolate trees

DURHAM, N.C. -- In discovering that cacao trees are protected by armies of "good" fungi against their "evil" counterparts, biologists have revealed a new and intricate ecological relationship between trees and the ubiquitous fungi that inhabit them.

The researchers believe their discovery represents a significant advance in basic ecology. It also offers the potential for enlisting such fungal armies to protect cacao trees from the pathogens that damage the trees, which are the source of the world's chocolate. Successful cultivation of cacao trees in American rainforests, they said, offers a viable economic alternative to clearing the forests for ranching. Field tests of fungi as biological control agents are already underway, said the researchers.

The biologists published their findings in the Dec. 23, 2003, issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Lead author on the paper was A. Elizabeth Arnold, a postdoctoral fellow in the Duke University Department of Biology. Other co-authors are Luis Meja, Damond Kyllo, Enith Rojas, Zuleyka Maynard, Nancy Robbins and Allen Herre of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama. Their research was sponsored by the Research Institute and by grants from the American Cocoa Research Institute, the World Cocoa Foundation, the M&M/Mars Division of Masterfoods, the Andrew Mellon Foundation and the National Science Foundation.

In their study, the scientists concentrated on "endophytes," which are fungi that infect healthy plant tissues without causing disease. Endophytes of woody plants land as airborne spores, burrowing into the plant tissues and living in the spaces between cells -- a process called "horizontal" transmission. According to Arnold, studies on grasses had revealed that fungi passed down from generation to generation -- called vertical transmission -- offered those plants benefits such as resistance to pathogens, drought and herbivores.

"However, the gene
'"/>

Contact: Dennis Meredith
dennis.meredith@duke.edu
919-417-6581
Duke University
23-Dec-2003


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. White tea beats green tea in fighting germs
2. Fat fighting undermined by over active eating pacemaker
3. Researchers awarded $2 million to create high-tech tools for fighting wildfires
4. Seed dormancy may hold the key to fighting weeds
5. Antibodies critical for fighting West Nile Virus infection
6. OXiGENE, foundation fighting blindness sign research agreement for phase I/II clinical trial
7. Rare disorder provides new insight into fighting infection
8. Cooking sweet corn boosts disease-fighting nutrients
9. New witchweed-fighting method, presented by CIMMYT and Weizmann Institute scientist
10. Tomato packs more cancer-fighting punch
11. Ramoplanin beats antibiotic resistance by fighting the battle on its own terms

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Armies fighting fungi protect chocolate trees

(Date:11/6/2014)... Baltimore, MD, November 6, 2014 - Insilico Medicine, ... in aging and age related diseases announced a ... medicine of cancer, Champions Oncology, Inc (OTC: CSBR). ... genomics for personalized medicine, but Champions Oncology,s TumorGraft ... can validate the chemotherapy regimen experimentally generating vast ...
(Date:11/5/2014)... Kelly Redmond has dedicated his career to understanding ... a general audience. , As deputy director and ... at Nevada,s Desert Research Institute, Redmond has more ... application and dissemination of climate data to the ... Meeting in San Francisco on December 15-19, 2014 ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... SALT LAKE CITY, Nov. 5, 2014 – University of ... uses enzymes to help jet fuel produce electricity without ... can be used to power portable electronics, off-grid power ... appears online today in the American Chemical Society journal ... into electricity through a chemical reaction between a fuel ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Insilico Medicine, Inc announces research collaboration with Champions Oncology, Inc 2Nevada climatologist to be honored at AGU Fall Meeting for lifetime of public outreach 2Jet-fueled electricity at room temperature 2
(Date:11/21/2014)... England , Nov. 21, 2014   TRU-D SmartUVC ... will feature their superbug-killing UVC automated disinfection robot, TRU-D SmartUVC, ... this week from Nov. 23 to 26 at Stand 23. ... is the United Kingdom,s largest infection-related ... infection prevention societies to one of the leading events of ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... Offering a complete line of laboratory balances, ... . The Sartorius Entris Balance is the perfect laboratory ... easy-to-maintain balance entry level balance. , The Entris was ... help customer’s bridge the gap between a basic balance ... durable. Sartorius is the second biggest balance manufacturer in ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... Calif. (PRWEB) November 20, 2014 ... nonprofit, public policy research organization representing leading California ... firms, and PwC US today released ... in life sciences industry growth. The trend shows ... The 2015 California Biomedical Industry Report ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... November 20, 2014 The November 2014 ... as an open access journal featuring the following articles:, ... proteins to preserve photoresponsiveness in the retina , ... in situ hybridization using chromogenic substrates in zebrafish , ... RNA, and protein electrophoresis , Nuclear LC3-positive ...
Breaking Biology Technology:TRU-D SmartUVC to Showcase Superbug-Killing Robot at FIS 2014 2TRU-D SmartUVC to Showcase Superbug-Killing Robot at FIS 2014 3Pipette.com Announces an Extension on the Sartorius Entris Balance Promotion to the End of 2014 2California Healthcare Institute and PwC Report Boom in California’s Biomedical Industry 2California Healthcare Institute and PwC Report Boom in California’s Biomedical Industry 3California Healthcare Institute and PwC Report Boom in California’s Biomedical Industry 4BioTechniques: The International Journal of Life Science Methods Announces the Publication of the November 2014 Issue—Available in Print and Online 2BioTechniques: The International Journal of Life Science Methods Announces the Publication of the November 2014 Issue—Available in Print and Online 3
Cached News: