Bacteria Becoming Increasingly Resistant To Antibiotics, But New Vaccines Are On The Horizon

year was 1.7 percent. In the second year, it became 5 percent. In the third year, it jumped to 15 percent. In other words, resistance to ceftriaxone tripled between the second and the third year of the study."

The rapid increase in resistance is also obvious when looking at the recent history of penicillin use. For example, 27 percent of the pneumococci were not susceptible to penicillin in the final year of this study, 1996. That compares to 0.02 percent reported less than a decade ago, according to Dr. Arditi.

Many "varieties," or serological types, of pneumococci exist. The bacteria can cause pneumonia and many other infections, such as sinusitis and infection of the middle ear. In fact, they are the most common cause of acute middle ear infections and invasive bacterial infections -- including pneumonia and meningitis -- in children, according to Dr.Arditi. They also cause more than 500,000 cases of pneumonia in adults and children each year, and are one of the most common causes of bacterial meningitis in young children, resulting in approximately 5,000 cases of meningitis each year.

This study focused specifically on children with pneumococcal meningitis and is likely the largest study of its kind. Bacterial meningitis -- a bacterial infection of the meninges, the membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord -- can cause death or permanent neurologic damage. In fact, of the 180 children in this study, 14 died. Of those who survived, 25 percent developed neurologic problems and 32 percent suffered moderate to severe hearing loss.

The study of pneumococcal meningitis was part of a larger study of pneumococcal infections among children in general. Those results were published in the September 1998 issue of Pediatrics. The research was conducted at eight children's hospitals in the United States and looked at 1,291 episodes of invasive pneumococcal infection in 1,255 children.

"In the past several years in the U

Contact: Sandra Van
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Bacteria use molecular lasso to cop copper
2. Bacterial protein recycling factor possible key to new class of antibiotics
3. Bacteria spill their guts to aid researchers in quest for new antibiotics
4. Bacteria live in the esophagus!
5. Bacteria lingering in body may pose future food poisoning risks, Stanford study finds
6. Bacteria discoveries could resemble Mars, other planets
7. Bacterial relationships revealed
8. Bacteria-eating viruses may spread some infectious diseases
9. Bacteria convert food processing waste to hydrogen
10. Bacterial viruses make cheap easy vaccines
11. Bacterial infections alter allergic response

Post Your Comments:

(Date:12/5/2018)... SAN DIEGO (PRWEB) , ... December 04, 2018 ... ... to leverage Fastec’s extensive expertise and existing IP in the development of innovative ... technology has been integrated into diverse systems from microfluidics to industrial machinery and ...
(Date:11/29/2018)... OF PRUSSIA, Pa. (PRWEB) , ... November 29, ... ... an equity investment in Semba Biosciences with the intention of acquiring full ownership. ... an Equity Participation Agreement was executed on November 14, 2018. “We are extremely ...
(Date:11/27/2018)... ... November 26, 2018 , ... ... MD, Founder of the website IBDwatch and Gastroenterology Fellow at the University of ... doctors from around the world, Dr. Wuerth will bring to uBiome knowledge and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/20/2018)... ... November 20, 2018 , ... Each year Forbes receives thousands ... list which highlights outstanding performance by individuals under 30 years of age. The Forbes ... fields from Sports and Entertainment to Venture Capital and Science. , In 2017, ...
(Date:11/13/2018)... DIEGO (PRWEB) , ... November 12, 2018 , ... ... device to reduce stethoscope contamination that two large U.S. studies, published last week, ... in the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC) conclude that stethoscopes are often ...
(Date:11/13/2018)... PASS, Ore. (PRWEB) , ... November 13, 2018 ... ... director at Bio-Logic Aqua® Research Water Life Science® in Grants Pass, Oregon believes ... , Kleyne and Bio-Logic Aqua® Research Water Life Science® sponsors the Power of ...
(Date:11/9/2018)... ... November 08, 2018 , ... ... automation and IT solutions with 140 employees on both the east and west ... at the Pennsylvania Convention Center on November 14 and 15 in Philadelphia. The ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: