HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Bone strength probed by scientists

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) The December 13 issue of the journal Nature reports on unique properties of bone revealed in experiments, by scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara, with the atomic force microscope (AFM).

Collagen, the most abundant protein in the human body serving as a structural component of a variety of tissues including bone, tendon and skin reveals special properties which allow it to "bounce back" when pulled or stressed in laboratory experiments. The AFM operates by tapping and pulling with a tiny needle.

"We learned that the collagen in bone contains sacrificial bonds that rupture as collagen is stretched, and then they reform or heal," said James B. Thompson, first author and a graduate student at UC Santa Barbara.

"These sacrificial bonds provide a mechanism for dissipating mechanical energy in collagen molecules. The time scale required for sacrificial bonds to reform in collagen correlates to the time needed for bone to recover from microscopic indentations."

Besides stretching the collagen from bones, the scientists made small indentations in bone, and like foam rubber that is pressed down, discovered that the bone returns to its original shape. They found that this takes a stiffer force probe, or more force, to indent a bone than to stretch a collagen molecule.

"The surface can recover back to its original shape," said Thompson. "It takes about 30 seconds."

Like the sacrificial bonds in the very tough abalone shell, which has also been studied extensively in the lab of Paul K. Hansma, professor of physics, "these sacrificial bonds found within or between collagen molecules may be partially responsible for the toughness of bone," according to the article.

The article also states that "The longer the delay before the next pull, the more energy dissipation observed when pulling the collagen molecule(s) again."

For the stretch experiments the group used purified cow tendon, and
'"/>

Contact: Gail Brown
gail.brown@ia.ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara
13-Dec-2001


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Invention could improve PVC safety and strengthen $1.8-billion industry worldwide
2. Grant from GE Foundation to University of Houston to strengthen math, tech pipeline
3. Researchers reveal calcium transport protein function that regulates heartbeat frequency, strength
4. Tufts University bioengineers discover secret of spider, silkworm fiber strength
5. Swimming can contribute to rebuilding bone strength
6. Grant strengthens research arm of Penn State Hershey Medical Centers ALS Clinic
7. Hebrew University excavations strengthen dating of archaeological findings to David, Solomon
8. Study says: whey to greater muscle strength is through training and protein supplements
9. New NSF institutes to strengthen mathematics as base for national S&T
10. Studies of spiders silk reveal unusual strength
11. Studying the strength of protein bonds one molecule at a time

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/9/2016)... 9, 2016  Crossmatch ® , a leading ... today announced the addition of smart features to ... multi-factor authentication platform. New contextual and application-specific authentication ... security where it,s needed most — while minimizing ... . --> Washington, DC ...
(Date:3/3/2016)... and DE SOTO, Kansas , ... Stroke Detection Plus® to offer Oncimmune,s Early CDT®-Lung, ... and early detection of lung cancer Early ... unions and individuals. --> Early CDT®-Lung test ... individuals. --> Oncimmune, a leader in early ...
(Date:3/1/2016)... , March 1, 2016  (RSAC Booth #3041) ... but a whopping $118 billion is lost to false ... overzealous and inaccurate fraud detection. At the RSA Conference ... the way companies handle authentication by devaluing the data ... behavioral analytics. --> ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... of cannabis testing technology at the Spring 2016 Marijuana Business Conference and Expo. ... pesticides, residual solvents, heavy metals, and more. Expo attendees can stop by booth ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... British Columbia , April 27, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... oder "NanoStruck") (CSE: NSK) (OTCPink: NSKQB) ( ... im Anschluss an ihre Pressemitteilung vom 13. August ... erhalten hat, ihre Finanzen um zusätzliche 200.000.000 Einheiten ... 4.000.000 Kanadische Dollar zu bringen. Davon wurden 157.900.000 ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ROCHELLE, VIRGINIA (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2016 ... ... announced today that Jon Clark has joined the company as an Expert Consultant. ... was responsible for industry collaborations and managing the development of small molecule monographs ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group CEO Benito ... the founder of GSCG affiliate Kimera Labs in Miami. , In 2004, Ross received ... cell transplantation for hematologic disorders and the suppression of graft vs. host disease (GVHD) ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: