HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Braille reading strategies may enhance stimulation of the brain responsible for vision

Findings appear in recent edition of the Journal of Neurophysiology, a publication of the American Physiological Society (APS).

Bethesda, MD (February 3, 2002) -- The federal government records that more than 365,000 Americans under the age of 65 suffer from a severe loss of sight that merits assistance. Among the challenges faced by the suddenly blind is learning Braille, the international system of writing and printing by means of reading raised dots corresponding to letters, numbers, and punctuation.

How can a person who has become sightless learn Braille, allowing access to the printed word? For most, hard work and determination plays a major role. However, new research has demonstrated that the brain compensates for loss of vision, and works to assist the sightless individual in learning Braille.

Background
The ability read Braille depends on remarkable adaptations that connect the somatosensory (sensation relating to the body's superficial and deep parts as contrasted to specialized senses such as sight system to language). Now, a group of St. Louis researchers have hypothesized that the pattern of cortical activations in blind individuals reading Braille would reflect these adaptations. Activations in visual (occipital-temporal), frontal-language, and somatosensory cortex in blind individuals reading Braille have been examined for evidence of differences relative to previously reported studies of sighted subjects reading print or receiving tactile stimulation.

The Study
The authors of the study, "Adaptive Changes in Early and Late Blind: A fMRI Study of Braille Reading," are H. Burton, A. Z. Snyder, T. E. Conturo, E. Akbudak, J. M. Ollinger and M. E. Raichle all from the Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. Their findings appear in the January, 2002 edition of the Journal of Neurophysiology.

In their study, the investigators:

Examined a theory
'"/>

Contact: Donna Krupa
dkrupa1@aol.com
703-527-7357
American Physiological Society
12-Feb-2002


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Braille found to be essential, regardless of age of blindness
2. Secret behind hard exoskeletons, spreading wings revealed
3. Study of dyslexic brain finds three word forms responsible for reading success
4. Dyslexics not doomed to life of reading difficulties
5. Nanotech instruments allow first direct observations of RNA proofreading
6. Estrogen improves short term memory and oral reading in midlife postmenopausal women
7. Protein is shown to aid cells reading of genetic code
8. Clock tells time at such speed that reading it becomes challenge
9. Coral smothering green tide seaweed spreading on Florida reefs
10. Natural protein helps prevent cancers from spreading to other organs
11. Gender and differing rates of brain activity influence the level of reading and language skills for boys and girls

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/27/2021)... ... March 25, 2021 , ... Phlexglobal announced ... Planet Group, has selected Phlexglobal and its innovative regulatory SaaS software, PhlexSubmission, as ... a comprehensive review of five regulatory software companies, with the review team including ...
(Date:3/27/2021)... ... 25, 2021 , ... The 2021 Virtual Conference on Clinical Trial Supply-Europe ... More and more, clinical trial supply conferences are featuring speakers and forums that ... Asymmetrex’s founder and CEO, James L. Sherley, M.D., Ph.D., presented a talk ...
(Date:3/23/2021)... ... March 23, 2021 , ... G-CON Manufacturing (G-CON), the ... by Matica Biotechnology (Matica Bio), a contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) specializing ... the cleanroom build out for its new GMP production facility in College Station, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/27/2021)... ... March 24, 2021 , ... ... Life Sciences and Healthcare firms of all sizes, adds depth to its team ... specialist. Pardillo, who earned his doctorate in computational chemistry from Florida International University ...
(Date:3/27/2021)... ... March 24, 2021 , ... ABI Wellness, ... and reporting approach designed under CEO Mark Watson, today announced a webinar dedicated ... featuring guest speakers Dr. Cameron Clark, Neuropsychologist and Founder of Sharp Thinking, and ...
(Date:3/27/2021)... ... ... The Xtalks editorial team is pleased to announce the launch of the ... joined by editorial team members Ayesha Rashid, Sydney Perelmutter and Mira Nabulsi to discuss ... including insights from industry experts. , The Xtalks Life Science podcast will feature ...
(Date:3/23/2021)... Conn. (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2021 , ... ... develops solutions for characterizing microbiome populations down to the strain level, recently unveiled ... applications. , Not all microbes are created equal: some are easy to ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: