HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Breakthrough Clemson research appears in Science

CLEMSON -- Today's issue of Science reports a discovery by a Clemson scientist that challenges 40 years of marine biomineralization research. The internationally respected journal describes the Clemson team's discovery that Eastern Oyster shell growth begins within blood cells. The research advances the understanding of how animals make hard tissue such as shell, bone and teeth. The new research may lead to cures to disease and bone replacement materials.

For 40 years, scientists have theorized that an organic mixture excreted from mantle tissue, which forms oyster skin, induced shell growth.

"New technologies are giving scientists the tools they need to answer the tough questions," said Andrew Mount, adjunct assistant professor of biological sciences at Clemson University and lead author of the article.

When the Clemson researchers used a scanning electron microscope -- a microscope that detects electrons instead of light -- to study immune blood cells from oysters, they discovered that some cells contain crystals.

Based on their observations, the research team concluded that the intracellular crystals are used to form shell. They observed rhombohedral-shaped crystals, leading the researchers to theorize that they were calcium carbonate -- a basic substance in hard tissue. They also observed the number of crystal-bearing cells increased 300 percent when an oyster is healing a shell fracture. Furthermore, the cells travel to the site of shell formation to deposit the crystals.

Scientists and engineers hope that an understanding of biomineralization, the process by which living creatures turn elements into crystals, will lead to breakthroughs in medical and material sciences.

"Nature exhibits exquisite control over the size, shape and organization of crystals," Mount said, adding if engineers can mimic nature, they could build bone replacements, grow crystal communication equipment and design paper-thin protective suits.


'"/>

Contact: Emily Keller
emily.keller@clemsonews.clemson.edu
864-656-2063
Clemson University
9-Apr-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Breakthrough in understanding of hereditary disease of lymphatic vessels
2. Breakthroughs in acoustic tracking shine new light on the lives of fish
3. Advancing Biotechnology Breakthroughs
4. Breakthroughs lead to better understanding in prevention of transfusion-transmitted infection
5. Breakthrough in fight against infection misery
6. Breakthrough in profiling of yeast genome
7. Breakthrough in creating bio-artificial organs at Hebrew University-Hadassah Dental School
8. Breakthrough in genomic technology: Identifying the biologically relevant parts of the human genome
9. Breakthrough On Microbial Disease Published In Science
10. Studies At Cedars-Sinai Confirm Identity Of An Elusive Receptor In Human Cells -- A Breakthrough In Understanding, Fighting Septic Shock
11. Researchers Announce Breakthrough In Transgenic Animal Technology

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/29/2019)... ... August 28, 2019 , ... Lajollacooks4u has expanded its team as it gears ... events company has seen record growth in 2019, having hosted a multitude of team-building ... Illumina, have all visited the company’s La Jolla-based venue, and Lajollacooks4u has worked hard ...
(Date:8/27/2019)... ... August 27, 2019 , ... Advancements with Ted Danson ... is scheduled to broadcast 4Q/2019. Check local listings for more information. , ... manufacturing company. The show will highlight how Debiopharm is working to champion the ...
(Date:8/21/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... August 20, 2019 , ... ... development and commercialization of bioactive technologies for the spine, today announced the 510(K) ... features a unique surface modification that is proven to improve osseointegration through superior ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/29/2019)... ... 28, 2019 , ... DuPont Nutrition & Biosciences will offer ... the International Baking Industry Expo, September 8 to 11, in booth 5015. DuPont ... cost and waste reduction and from maintaining freshness throughout shelf life to reformulating ...
(Date:8/23/2019)... Wis. (PRWEB) , ... August 22, 2019 , ... The ... some of the most harmful germs and pathogens on hard surfaces including E. Coli, ... leaves behind no chemical residues. For more information, visit the product page at rovingblue.com ...
(Date:8/8/2019)... FRANCISCO (PRWEB) , ... August 08, 2019 , ... ... Intelligent Virtual Agents for sales and service organizations, today announced that the ... Value Leadership Award for the IVA market . Inference will officially accept the ...
(Date:8/6/2019)... ... August 06, 2019 , ... The National Science Foundation ... a community project that will engage middle and early high school students in ... Youth-Led Citizen Science Network for Community Environmental Assessment.” Collaborative partners presenting the authentic ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: