HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Breakthrough Clemson research appears in Science

CLEMSON -- Today's issue of Science reports a discovery by a Clemson scientist that challenges 40 years of marine biomineralization research. The internationally respected journal describes the Clemson team's discovery that Eastern Oyster shell growth begins within blood cells. The research advances the understanding of how animals make hard tissue such as shell, bone and teeth. The new research may lead to cures to disease and bone replacement materials.

For 40 years, scientists have theorized that an organic mixture excreted from mantle tissue, which forms oyster skin, induced shell growth.

"New technologies are giving scientists the tools they need to answer the tough questions," said Andrew Mount, adjunct assistant professor of biological sciences at Clemson University and lead author of the article.

When the Clemson researchers used a scanning electron microscope -- a microscope that detects electrons instead of light -- to study immune blood cells from oysters, they discovered that some cells contain crystals.

Based on their observations, the research team concluded that the intracellular crystals are used to form shell. They observed rhombohedral-shaped crystals, leading the researchers to theorize that they were calcium carbonate -- a basic substance in hard tissue. They also observed the number of crystal-bearing cells increased 300 percent when an oyster is healing a shell fracture. Furthermore, the cells travel to the site of shell formation to deposit the crystals.

Scientists and engineers hope that an understanding of biomineralization, the process by which living creatures turn elements into crystals, will lead to breakthroughs in medical and material sciences.

"Nature exhibits exquisite control over the size, shape and organization of crystals," Mount said, adding if engineers can mimic nature, they could build bone replacements, grow crystal communication equipment and design paper-thin protective suits.


'"/>

Contact: Emily Keller
emily.keller@clemsonews.clemson.edu
864-656-2063
Clemson University
9-Apr-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Breakthrough in understanding of hereditary disease of lymphatic vessels
2. Breakthroughs in acoustic tracking shine new light on the lives of fish
3. Advancing Biotechnology Breakthroughs
4. Breakthroughs lead to better understanding in prevention of transfusion-transmitted infection
5. Breakthrough in fight against infection misery
6. Breakthrough in profiling of yeast genome
7. Breakthrough in creating bio-artificial organs at Hebrew University-Hadassah Dental School
8. Breakthrough in genomic technology: Identifying the biologically relevant parts of the human genome
9. Breakthrough On Microbial Disease Published In Science
10. Studies At Cedars-Sinai Confirm Identity Of An Elusive Receptor In Human Cells -- A Breakthrough In Understanding, Fighting Septic Shock
11. Researchers Announce Breakthrough In Transgenic Animal Technology

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/21/2020)... ... 2020 , ... Sentien Biotechnologies, Inc., a clinical-stage biotechnology company ... Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the company’s Investigational New Drug (IND) application for ... Approval of this IND allows Sentien to initiate a Phase 1/2 study with ...
(Date:8/12/2020)... ... August 11, 2020 , ... ... in Princeton, NJ, have entered into license agreements with Housey Pharma’s HMI subsidiary ... Both Roche and J&J have annual Research and Development spending in excess of ...
(Date:8/5/2020)... ... 05, 2020 , ... Regenative Labs has received approval from the Centers for ... them the first Wharton’s jelly allografts to be assigned a Q code and be ... the first Wharton’s jelly allograft product to be recognized as a 361 HCT/P by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2020)... ... ... True Terpenes , the leading platform for terpene innovation, research and development, ... medical potential of terpenes and the potential entourage effect , where the benefits ... on expanding the recently launched line of effects-based terpenes - Terpology by Dr. ...
(Date:8/12/2020)... ... August 11, 2020 , ... The FSHD Society announced today ... Clinical Trial Research Network (FSHD CTRN), with consideration of follow-on funding ... of academic research centers in the United States and Europe with expertise in ...
(Date:8/12/2020)... ... August 12, 2020 , ... ... (EMMA International), a global leader in FDA compliance consulting has been named on ... private companies. The list represents a unique look at the most successful companies ...
(Date:8/3/2020)... ... , ... ERT, the global leader in clinical ... one of the 100 most inspiring individuals in the life-sciences industry by PharmaVoice. ... on how they have inspired their colleagues and affected positive changes in their ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: