HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Breast cancer gene repairs damaged DNA

Structural studies of the protein produced by the BRCA2 gene, which is implicated in the development of hereditary breast and ovarian cancers, reveal that the protein is intimately involved in repairing damaged DNA.

DNA-repair proteins perform a vital function and protect against potentially catastrophic events such as cancer-causing mutations or chromosome rearrangements, which are hallmarks of tumor cells.

Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Nikola P. Pavletich and his colleagues at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center used x-ray crystallography to obtain "molecular snapshots" of the BRCA2 protein. The images produced by Pavletich's team show that BRCA2 is capable of binding to DNA, a conclusion that is supported by the group's biochemical experiments. The research was published in the September 13, 2002, issue of the journal Science.

The scientists were investigating the role of BRCA2 in homologous recombination, which is one of the ways that cells repair broken chromosomes. In this type of DNA repair, broken chromosomes are fixed by using the information from a sister chromosome as a template and "splint" to guide repair. This type of DNA repair is accurate and is the optimal mode of repair in dividing cells. Prior to the studies by Pavletich and his colleagues, BRCA2 was believed to play only an indirect regulatory role in DNA repair.

"BRCA2 had been previously implicated in the control of homologous recombination, although its precise role in this process was unknown," said HHMI investigator Stephen J. Elledge, who is at Baylor College of Medicine. "The significance of the structural studies of BRCA2 by Pavletich's group is that they provide evidence for a direct and unexpected biochemical role for BRCA2 in the enzymology of homologous recombination itself. It was an
'"/>

Contact: Jim Keeley
keeleyj@hhmi.org
301-215-8858
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
12-Sep-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Breast cancer patients failed by treatment with taxol and taxotere respond to abraxane
2. Breastfeeding decreases infant mortality
3. Breast cancer study suggests role for tissue in carcinogenesis
4. Breast self examination increases womens concerns but has no effect on mortality
5. Breast cancer follow-ups no longer guess-work thanks to new physics research
6. Final media advisory for the 4th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC-4)
7. The 4th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC4)
8. Breast cancer susceptibility genes play role in DNA repair
9. Breast cancer can be reversed in laboratory mice, scientists report
10. NIH funds Breast Cancer and the Environmental Research Center at Fox Chase Cancer Center
11. Breast fluid a better option for detecting cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Breast cancer gene repairs damaged DNA

(Date:8/6/2015)... Germany , August 6, 2015 ... Instruments (SMI) shows the world,s first Eye ... on Epson,s Moverio BT-200 see-through head mounted display and ... solution, unprecedented quality and efficiency is brought to personalized ... For the first time, professionals and researchers can integrate ...
(Date:8/5/2015)... -- According to a new market research ... Vertical (BFSI, Airport, IT & Telecom, Utilities, Education, Defense ... 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, defines and segments the Physical ... The global PIAM Market is estimated to grow from ... at a CAGR of 14.9 % from 2014 to ...
(Date:8/5/2015)... , Aug. 5, 2015 The biosensors market ... in applications, penetration into newer sectors, and development of ... global biosensors space has seen the entry of multiple ... so far. (Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150805/255570 ) ... Analysis of the Global Biosensors Market ( ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):SMI Shows First Eye Tracking Upgrade for Augmented Reality Glasses 2SMI Shows First Eye Tracking Upgrade for Augmented Reality Glasses 3Physical Identity and Access Management Market Worth $546.2 Million by 2019 2Physical Identity and Access Management Market Worth $546.2 Million by 2019 3Physical Identity and Access Management Market Worth $546.2 Million by 2019 4Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 2Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 3Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 4
(Date:8/28/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2015 , ... ... Personalized Medicine, presented two studies at the International Spine Intervention Society’ ... 28th, 2015 through to August 1st, 2015. With a focus on evidence-based research ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... Dallas, Texas (PRWEB) , ... August 28, 2015 ... ... Neil Riordan, PhD and orthopedic surgeon, Wade McKenna, DO, announced today that the ... in Dallas, Texas, resulted in complete healing of an otherwise non-healing surgical knee ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... ... ... Capital Edge Consulting , a nationwide consulting firm that specializes in helping ... one of the top 5000 companies listed on the 2015 Inc. 5000 , ... is truly an honor to be recognized as one of America’s fastest growing companies. ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... The National Necrotizing Fasciitis Foundation ... by doctors at Vanderbilt University Hospital in ... and Dr. John Crew , director of the ... Center in Daly City, CA. ... pioneered by Dr. Crew, that had previously saved the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Proove Biosciences Presents New Research Study at the International Spine Intervention Society’s Annual Scientific Meeting 2Proove Biosciences Presents New Research Study at the International Spine Intervention Society’s Annual Scientific Meeting 3Proove Biosciences Presents New Research Study at the International Spine Intervention Society’s Annual Scientific Meeting 4Dallas-Fort Worth Stem Cell Researchers Use Amniotic Tissue To Successfully Treat Non-Healing Surgical Wound 2Dallas-Fort Worth Stem Cell Researchers Use Amniotic Tissue To Successfully Treat Non-Healing Surgical Wound 3Dallas-Fort Worth Stem Cell Researchers Use Amniotic Tissue To Successfully Treat Non-Healing Surgical Wound 4Capital Edge Consulting Makes Inc. 5000 List of America’s Fastest-Growing Private Companies 2Capital Edge Consulting Makes Inc. 5000 List of America’s Fastest-Growing Private Companies 3Patient's Life and Eyes Saved from Gruesome Flesh-Eating Infection Consuming Her Face 2Patient's Life and Eyes Saved from Gruesome Flesh-Eating Infection Consuming Her Face 3
Cached News: