HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Breast cancer is multi-step, multi-cell type process

COLUMBUS, Ohio -Researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center are offering one of the first models of breast cancer as a multi-step process which involves more than one cell type, thanks in part to new laser-microdissection technology which enables them to take apart tumors one cell at a time.

Scientists know cancer develops over a period of years through a series of genetic changes or mutations. Scientists have also long accepted that these genetic mutations occur in a single cell type for any given cancer. But the sequence of events-which "hits" happen first, and which specific cells are involved-has not been clearly documented until now.

Writing in the September 1 issue of Human Molecular Genetics, a research team, led by Dr. Charis Eng, director of the Clinical Cancer Genetics Program at Ohio State, says it has uncovered evidence suggesting that genetic changes leading to breast cancer occur first in the epithelium of breast tissue, and then are followed by corresponding alterations in the surrounding structures, or stroma.

"This is almost paradigm-breaking," says Eng. "In breast cancer, the alterations that lead to malignancy are thought to occur only in the epithelial cells of the breast. We have shown for the first time that genetic mutations can occur with some frequency in the stromal cells, too."

Utilizing laser capture microdissection, (LCM) investigators examined the tissue of 41 invasive breast cancers. In LCM technology, a laser beam only 7.5 microns in width - roughly one-tenth the size of a human hair -- acts as a "knife"- enabling researchers to isolate cancerous cells from normal cells, and to separate epithelial cells from stromal cells.

"Before LCM, the study of cancer genetics entailed grinding up a lump of tumor comprising a mixture of cells and examining the 'mixed bag' of cells for gene alterations," says Eng. "We really couldn't attribute genetic changes to any one cell type. LCM allo
'"/>

Contact: Michelle Gailiun
gailiun.1@osu.edu
614-293-3737
Ohio State University Medical Center
1-Sep-2001


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Breast cancer patients failed by treatment with taxol and taxotere respond to abraxane
2. Breastfeeding decreases infant mortality
3. Breast cancer study suggests role for tissue in carcinogenesis
4. Breast self examination increases womens concerns but has no effect on mortality
5. Breast cancer follow-ups no longer guess-work thanks to new physics research
6. Final media advisory for the 4th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC-4)
7. The 4th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC4)
8. Breast cancer susceptibility genes play role in DNA repair
9. Breast cancer can be reversed in laboratory mice, scientists report
10. NIH funds Breast Cancer and the Environmental Research Center at Fox Chase Cancer Center
11. Breast fluid a better option for detecting cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Breast cancer multi step multi cell type process

(Date:8/6/2015)... SAN JOSE, Calif. , Aug. 6, 2015 ... the leading developer of human interface solutions, today ... and TouchPad technologies on Windows 10. Microsoft leveraged ... fundamental to the operating system. ... and drivers are fully certified with Microsoft,s Precision ...
(Date:8/4/2015)... Research and ... addition of the "Digital Forensics Market ... (Computer Forensics, Network Forensics, Mobile Device Forensics, ... and Region - Global Forecast to 2020" ... By Component (Hardware, Software, and Service), Sub-Segment ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... SHENZHEN, China , 31 de julio de 2015 ... sobre Genómica (ICG-10,  www.icg-10.org ) del 22 al 25 ... . La conferencia celebra su décimo ... se ha convertido en una de las reuniones anuales ... ,ómicas, y es una de las conferencias científicas más ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Synaptics Chosen for Human Interface Co-Development on Windows 10 2Digital Forensics Market - The Market Represents a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 11.3% From 2015 to 2020 2La 10ª Conferencia Internacional sobre Genómica (ICG-10) comienza en octubre 2La 10ª Conferencia Internacional sobre Genómica (ICG-10) comienza en octubre 3
(Date:9/2/2015)... 2, 2015 Research and Markets ... of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new report "Nanobiotechnology ... offering. An increasing use ... industries is anticipated. Nanotechnology will be applied ... from formulations for optimal delivery to diagnostic ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... Research and Markets ... Jain PharmaBiotech,s new report "Biochips and Microarrays ... offering. This report is an analysis ... The report starts with a description of technologies ... include array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), copy number ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... 02, 2015 Research and ... Jain PharmaBiotech,s new report "Gene Therapy - Technologies, ... The markets for gene therapy are difficult to estimate ... and it is marketed in China ... the years 2014-2024. The estimates are based on epidemiology ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... ... 02, 2015 , ... Drug companies increasingly are adopting a ... reveals in its new report that the U.S. will generate the greatest demand ... the most market demand. , BCC Research examines plant-derived drugs in its ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Nanobiotechnology Applications, Markets and Companies Report 2015-2024 2Global Nanobiotechnology Applications, Markets and Companies Report 2015-2024 3Global Biochips and Microarrays Technologies, Markets and Companies Report 2015 with Market Size in 2014 and Projected Value for the Years 2019 and 2024 2Global Gene Therapy Market Study 2015-2024 - Technologies, Markets and Companies Analysis 2Plant-derived Compounds Poised to Assume Greater Role in Global Drug Markets, According to BCC Research 2Plant-derived Compounds Poised to Assume Greater Role in Global Drug Markets, According to BCC Research 3
Cached News: