HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Can heart failure impair thinking?

Bethesda, MD Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by distinctive symptoms and signs resulting from disturbances in cardiac output or from increased venous pressure. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, up to three million Americans have heart failure, with 400,000 new cases being diagnosed each year. It is a condition that is slightly more common among men than women and is twice as common among blacks compared to whites.

Background

HF is among the most serious symptom of heart disease, killing about two-thirds of all patients within five years of diagnosis. Patients are treated with mediations such as ACE inhibitors and digitalis so that the heart does not have to work so strenuously to pump blood. HF has other effects as well.

High sympathetic and decreased parasympathetic activities are characteristic of HF and are manifested as blunted baroreceptor activity, diminished parasympathetic effects on the sinoatrial node, increased norepinephrine, decreased heart rate variability, and diminished responsiveness and number of 1-receptors. These characteristics may result from peripheral or central aberrations. The parasympathetic alterations may derive from reduced cardiac muscarinic receptors; however, they also may result from central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction.

The cognitive deficits also suggest CNS dysfunction, possibly developing from ischemic damage as a consequence of HF. The principal neurological deficit of HF patients appears to be delayed recall. This memory dysfunction suggests specific neural damage related to the hippocampus or frontal lobe or associated circuitry, rather than generalized deficits over the entire brain.

Approximately one-half of chronic HF patients exhibit obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or Cheyne-Stokes breathing during sleep. OSA cases show significant gray matter loss in cerebellar, insular, and cortical areas, which may contribute to abe
'"/>

Contact: Donna Krupa
djkrupa1@aol.com
703-527-7357
American Physiological Society
23-Sep-2003


Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6

Related biology news :

1. Preclinical safety study shows adipose-derived stem cells improve heart function after heart attack
2. Screen siblings, parents of infants with severe heart abnormalities
3. Recent evolution at a single gene may have brought down heart disease risk in some human groups
4. How do you mend a broken heart?
5. Protemix corporation announces discovery of way to repair hearts damaged by diabetes
6. Embryonic stem cell therapy shows steady benefits in rebuilding infarcted heart
7. Putting energy into heart protection
8. Rare mutations can significantly increase risk factor for heart disease
9. Smart gene therapy protects against damage from heart attack
10. University of Pittsburgh medical center among first to implant heart assist device
11. Reading hexametric rhyme supports cardiac synchronization, especially after a heart attack

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Can heart failure impair thinking

(Date:7/28/2014)... of Medicine have pinpointed a mechanism in part of the ... blood, linking it to both type 1 and type 2 ... of Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences . ... located in a part of the hypothalamus known as the ... that control glucose levels in the blood," said lead author ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... the top 10 U.S. cities that have seen an ... as frequent road closures, overwhelmed storm drains and compromised ... NOAA technical report. , This nuisance flooding, caused by ... coasts, between 300 and 925 percent since the 1960s. ... Frequency Changes around the United States, also finds Annapolis ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... has identified areas of the Earth that are high ... , Europe is particularly vulnerable, as it has the ... cent, of any continent in ,refugia, areas of ... conditions remain relatively constant during times of great environmental ... mostly in Scandinavia and Scotland. , The biggest ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Glucose 'control switch' in the brain key to both types of diabetes 2NOAA: 'Nuisance flooding' an increasing problem as coastal sea levels rise 2NOAA: 'Nuisance flooding' an increasing problem as coastal sea levels rise 3Study finds Europe's habitat and wildlife is vulnerable to climate change 2
(Date:7/29/2014)... The first product launch from start-up ... to robotics. What sets Droidles completely apart from other ... allows them to communicate, share code with each other ... , “The invention is the system,” said Hurley Research ... life of their own, both physically and on the ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... (PRWEB) July 29, 2014 The prestigious ... of Congress was recently awarded to Juliana Hillis and ... MA, for their project, “From an Egg, Everything: America’s ... 3,000 final entries for the National History Day program ... 300 historians and educators in Washington, D.C. , The ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... July 29, 2014 White papers ... and cloud based eClinical technologies, have been published by ... These follow a long line of white papers by ... including Life Science Leader, Pharmaceutical Online, and OpenHealthNews. , ... a paper by CTO Marc Desgrousilliers, 'The Five ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... July 29, 2014 ... (LBS) zur Erfassung biologischer Daten in Verbindung ... und patentiert. Das LBS nimmt gleichzeitig mehrere ... des Patienten und sucht erhöhte biologische Aktivitäten ... Potenzial, die Entdeckung und Entwicklung neuer Medikamente ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Droidles, the Social Network of Robots and Open Source Platform for the Internet of Things, Launches for Crowd Funding on IndieGoGo.com 2In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) was the Subject of This Year’s Winning Entry for the Prestigious Library of Congress “Discovery or Exploration in History Award” 2In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) was the Subject of This Year’s Winning Entry for the Prestigious Library of Congress “Discovery or Exploration in History Award” 3Clinovo White Papers Published in Summer 2014 Editions of Leading Medical Device & Pharmaceutical Publications 2Clinovo White Papers Published in Summer 2014 Editions of Leading Medical Device & Pharmaceutical Publications 3PlaqueTec sichert sich CE-Kennzeichnung für Liquid Biopsy System - bahnbrechende Innovation zur Erfassung neuer biologischer Informationen aus erkranktem Herzkranzgefäß 2PlaqueTec sichert sich CE-Kennzeichnung für Liquid Biopsy System - bahnbrechende Innovation zur Erfassung neuer biologischer Informationen aus erkranktem Herzkranzgefäß 3PlaqueTec sichert sich CE-Kennzeichnung für Liquid Biopsy System - bahnbrechende Innovation zur Erfassung neuer biologischer Informationen aus erkranktem Herzkranzgefäß 4
Cached News: