Cancer-linked BRCA2 gene plays previously unsuspected role in cell division

Philadelphia -- The BRCA2 gene, linked to familial breast and ovarian cancers, plays an important and previously unsuspected role in human cell division, according to a new study by scientists at The Wistar Institute. When the BRCA2 protein is inactivated, their experiments showed, cells are dramatically delayed in their progress through mitosis, the cell-division stage of the cell cycle. The find opens an entirely new line of thinking for researchers working to understand how BRCA2 can cause cancer when mutated. With fresh insights may come more effective, more targeted treatments.

The same study also identified a new gene, dubbed BRAF35, and established that the BRAF35 protein associates closely with BRCA2 in a previously unknown complex. As with BRCA2, when the BRAF35 protein is inactivated, progress through mitosis is significantly delayed, raising the question of whether BRAF35, too, might be responsible for some cancers. Indeed, the BRAF35 gene maps to a location on chromosome 19 where anomalies have reported in many ovarian cancers.

A report on the study appears in the January 26 issue of Cell.

"This study helps us not only to better understand what BRCA2 is doing, but it also identifies a new gene, BRAF35, that may be involved in breast and ovarian cancers," says Wistar assistant professor Ramin Shiekhattar, Ph.D., senior author on the study. "It provides researchers with a number of new places to look for answers to our questions about these cancers."

Previous studies of BRCA2 had suggested that the gene was involved in DNA repair, not cell division. Shiekhattar's findings do not argue with those earlier observations, but offer an additional scientific framework within which to explore BRCA2 and its function.

"The complex in which we find BRCA2 and BRAF35 might serve a dual purpose for the cell," Shiekhattar notes. "It could be involved in both processes, DNA repair and cell cycle progression. Evolution often finds a way to use thes

Contact: Franklin Hoke
The Wistar Institute

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Childhood brain tumors associated with rarely inherited BRCA2 gene mutations
2. BRCA2 mutations may be associated with some hereditary pancreatic cancers
3. Washington University in St. Louis plays key role in sequencing moss genome
4. Maternal DHA levels plays important role in infant development
5. Gene plays major role in formation of stem cells and cancer
6. Hormone linked to obesity plays positive role in fertility & possibly male arousal
7. Changes in shape of single protein plays key role in the spread of cancer cells
8. Researchers find role RNA plays in progress of Alzheimers disease
9. UT Southwestern researchers pinpoint role cell surface protein group plays in brain function
10. Gene that drives cells to commit suicide also plays key role in development of skeletal muscle
11. Cox-2 enzyme plays important role regulating acute pancreatitis and associated lung injury

Post Your Comments:

(Date:9/22/2018)... ... September 20, 2018 , ... We are excited to announce ... the recently launched NovoCyte QuanteonTM flow cytometers and NovoSampler® ... , In addition to the functionalities supporting the expanded flow ...
(Date:9/22/2018)... ... September 21, 2018 , ... VTE can ... untreated, can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. VTE affects between 300-600,000 Americans ... autopsy. Further, PE is the leading cause of preventable hospital death and maternal ...
(Date:9/12/2018)... ... September 10, 2018 , ... IONpathTM, a venture-backed ... new Multiplexed Ion Beam Imaging (MIBITM) technology was accepted by the journal Cell ... be shared during a webinar presented by Dr. Mike Angelo on October 2nd, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/7/2018)... ... September 05, 2018 , ... Now available on live stream, the NanoScientific ... Sept. 19, 2018. With a panel of industry leaders from Harvard, Cornell, RPI, IBM, ... industry insights from experts in the field. Register today to be a part ...
(Date:9/7/2018)... ... 2018 , ... Akadeum Life Sciences today announced it has appointed George Dunbar ... leader of numerous biotech companies. , He most recently served as president and ... Street Capital in St. Louis, MO. Prior to ISTO, he was a Venture ...
(Date:8/29/2018)... ... August 28, 2018 , ... ... announced today the successful completion of a $5.5 million funding round managed by ... Investment Fund, Commenda Capital, and Ellipsis Ventures. , “Our investment in Nanovis is ...
(Date:8/29/2018)... , ... August 28, 2018 , ... LabRoots , ... around the world, is proud to announce the launch of a new gamification feature, ... a chance to win one of LabRoots most popular shirts. , Throughout each month, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: