HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Cancer risk clouds gene cures

DESPITE its spectacular achievements, the first successful form of gene therapy will for now be used only as a last resort due to the risk of cancer. And that's not the only bad news. The latest studies suggest that some other gene therapies using different viruses might also trigger cancer.

The Necker Hospital in Paris pioneered the use of gene therapy to cure the severe inherited immune disease called X-SCID. But two of the 11 boys treated have developed leukaemia. Both these cases appear to be due to the corrective gene being inserted near another gene called Lmo2, which helps control cell growth and can contribute to cancer if turned on at the wrong time (New Scientist, 25 January, p 12).

Calculations by Christof von Kalle of the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine in Ohio suggest that rather than being an extraordinary coincidence the engineered mouse retrovirus used to deliver the gene in the French studymay insert it near Lmo2 about once per 100,000 insertions. Since millions of bone marrow cells are modified and returned to the boys, such insertions may crop up in most if not all of the patients.

The added gene has now turned up near Lmo2 in a third child in the French trial, von Kalle last week told a gene therapy conference in Banff, Canada. Fortunately, the boy shows no signs of leukaemia, suggesting that a further genetic defect may be necessary to trigger uncontrolled growth of the modified cells.

Gene therapists are still hoping that this problem will prove specific to the gene or methods used in the X-SCID therapy. But experiments done by Frederic Bushman of the Salk Institute near San Diego suggests there could also be a potential problem with HIV and other related retroviruses, which many researchers are planning to use in gene therapy.

Bushman infected human cells with the viruses and looked to see where they landed. Last year, he reported that the viruses are more likely to land in genes- especially in active on
'"/>

Contact: Claire Bowles
claire.bowles@rbi.co.uk
44-207-331-2751
New Scientist
12-Mar-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cancer vaccine based on pathogenic listeria bacteria shows promise targeting metastases
2. 16th EORTC NCI AACR Symposium Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
3. 16th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
4. Cancer gene MYC emerging as key research target
5. Cancer patient, heal thyself
6. USC researcher named General Motors Cancer Research Scholar
7. Fox Chase Cancer Centers Alfred Knudson Jr. named 2004 Kyoto Prize winner
8. Wilex & Fox Chase Cancer Center begin trial w/ novel compound targeting tumor invasion & metastasis
9. Cancer drug resistance research leads to possible therapeutic target for Alzheimers disease
10. Fox Chase Cancer Center research shows kidney cancer can be diagnosed in urine
11. National Cancer Gene Therapy Foundation gives $4.0 million in research grants

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Cancer risk clouds gene cures

(Date:10/30/2014)... 30, 2014—Oligonucleotide-based therapeutics present unique challenges when it ... and developmental harm. New consensus guidelines for toxicity ... and biological characteristics of these novel biopharmaceuticals are ... peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. ... the Nucleic Acid Therapeutics website until ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... researchers have developed a suite of technologies that can ... which has applications in everything from search and rescue ... developed a platform for computer-mediated communication between humans and ... interpreting dogs, behavioral signals and sending them clear and ... assistant professor of computer science at NC State and ...
(Date:10/30/2014)...  Securus Technologies, a leading provider of ... public safety, investigation, corrections and monitoring, announced ... to its THREADS™ product, which utilizes sophisticated ... and focused leads for investigators. ... through identifying and delivering solutions serving the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New guidelines for reproductive & developmental toxicity testing of oligonucleotide drugs 2New tech aims to improve communication between dogs and humans 2Securus Technologies Adds Advanced Features to Its Industry-Leading Investigative Analytics Product 2
(Date:10/31/2014)... (PRWEB) October 31, 2014 Stronger ... healthcare, construction, finance and consumer electronics will help ... reason, industry research firm IBISWorld has added a ... its growing industry report collection. , The Biometrics ... for biometric technologies such as fingerprint, iris, retina ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Calif. , Oct. 30, 2014  Ardelyx, ... biopharmaceutical company focused on cardio-renal, gastrointestinal and metabolic ... quarter 2014 financial results on Thursday, November 6, ... will host a live conference call and webcast ... results and provide a business update. ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Rancho BioSciences , the scientific data ... public data source TCGA for several of ... is now available for other oncology groups. ... data sources for their Pharma, Government and academic clients ... that becomes more easily accessible. Rancho advises their ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... 2014 Grace Century portfolio project, Provia ... Chairman of the Board, to the National Stem Cell ... was made by the Ministry of Health on behalf of ... , More than a year after Bahamian Parliament passed ... Minister Perry Christie said the government has completed the accompanying ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Biometrics Scan Software in the US Industry Market Research Report Now Available from IBISWorld 2Biometrics Scan Software in the US Industry Market Research Report Now Available from IBISWorld 3Ardelyx to Report Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results on November 6, 2014 2Rancho BioSciences Manually Curated TCGA Data Sets Available 2Grace Century’s Stem Cell Biobank Project Announces Chairman’s Appointment to National Stem Cell Ethics Committee of The Bahamas 2Grace Century’s Stem Cell Biobank Project Announces Chairman’s Appointment to National Stem Cell Ethics Committee of The Bahamas 3
Cached News: