HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Caterpillar saliva beats plant defenses

A common substance produced by fungi and other organisms has been found in the saliva of caterpillars and helps to suppress the toxins that plants produce when chewed on by insects, according to a team of entomologists. "The saliva of herbivorous insects has been overlooked as a factor in overcoming host defenses," the researchers report in today's issue of Nature. "Our results show that glucose oxidase, one of the principal components of Helicoverpa Zea saliva, is responsible for suppressing induced resistance in (tobacco)." Investigation of the caterpillar commonly known as corn earworm by a team of Penn State and University of Arkansas entomologists aimed at isolating the substance in caterpillar saliva that suppressed expression of defensive mechanisms in leaves. These defensive mechanisms include production of nicotine -- a neural toxin, and digestive protease inhibitors -- which interfere with caterpillar digestion. "Initially it was thought that caterpillar saliva contained only compounds that triggered the plant's defense mechanisms," says Dr. Gary W. Felton, head and professor of entomology at Penn State. "Rather than inducing defense mechanisms as we supposed, the saliva inhibits production of the harmful chemicals and actually weakens the defenses of the plant."

Felton, working with Richard O. Musser, the lead author on this paper and Sue M. Hum-Musser, graduate students at University of Arkansas; Herb Eichenseer, University of Arkansas post doctoral fellow now at Pioneer Seed Company, Gary Ervin, postdoctoral fellow now at Mississippi State University; and J. Brad Murphy, professor of horticulture, University of Arkansas; and Michelle Peiffer, research assistant, Penn State, identified glucose oxidase as an active ingredient of caterpillar saliva. Glucose oxidase converts the simple sugar glucose into gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide.

"While glucose oxidase is produced in many biologic systems and glucose oxidase extracted from fung
'"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
10-Apr-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Caterpillars make noise to fend off intruders, researchers discover
2. Caterpillars foiled when tomato plants summon parasitic wasps
3. Oaks Defenses Help Gypsy Moth Caterpillar Fend Off Virus
4. Bone, enamel, dentine, milk & saliva share gene family
5. Bat saliva drug and new MRI techniques offer hope for acute stroke treatment
6. Tick saliva genes key to Lyme disease vaccine
7. UB dental researchers find novel peptide in saliva that kills broad range of fungi and bacteria
8. Component of fly saliva makes promising Leishmaniasis vaccine
9. White tea beats green tea in fighting germs
10. Virus beats food bug
11. Ramoplanin beats antibiotic resistance by fighting the battle on its own terms

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Caterpillar saliva beats plant defenses

(Date:12/10/2014)... 2014  Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center today announced plans ... of Medicine. Funding for this $50 million capital project ... be publicly launched next summer. The ... 60 series R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company complex, adjacent to ... immediately with plans to be ready to welcome medical ...
(Date:12/5/2014)... Calif. , Dec. 4, 2014 ... has boosted investments in new testing and inspection ... also given rise to a range of innovative ... the requirements of Generation Y, which is generally ... As a result, product development strategies of test ...
(Date:12/3/2014)... -- As part of our commitment to offering the ... announce the release of a new reader that will ... data that they need. The Atlas 2000 ... readers. Many such devices have serious shortcomings when it ... models force users to navigate numerous complicated steps in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4Emerging Technologies Enable Smarter Monitoring of Assets, Push Industrial Testing, Inspection and Monitoring Market 2Emerging Technologies Enable Smarter Monitoring of Assets, Push Industrial Testing, Inspection and Monitoring Market 3Emerging Technologies Enable Smarter Monitoring of Assets, Push Industrial Testing, Inspection and Monitoring Market 4Inception Technologies to Release New Biometric Reader 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... MA (PRWEB) December 18, 2014 iLab ... announced the appointment of Siri Bryant as the new ... new Director of Core Implementations. These two new leadership ... outstanding customer service by ensuring that iLab continues to ... “In the last four years, iLab has been deployed ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... BURLINGTON, Mass. , Dec. 18, 2014  Decision ... dental biomaterial market will grow moderately through ... implant procedures and growing awareness of dental biomaterials all ... underdeveloped markets such as China ... incomes will bring dental procedures within reach for a ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... (PRWEB) December 16, 2014 The ... since 2013, which is why IBISWorld updated its original ... continues to benefit from an intensified focus on environmental ... for new emission standards for power plants and a ... According to IBISWorld Industry Analyst Sarah Kahn, “a range ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... N.J. (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 ... (Euronext: IPN; ADR: IPSEY), today announced ... (referred to as Somatuline®) was approved by the ... treatment of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) in adult ... advanced or metastatic disease to improve progression-free survival ...
Breaking Biology Technology:iLab Solutions Announces Two New Leadership Positions to Meet the Needs of Its Growing Customer Base 2Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 2Asia Pacific Dental Biomaterial Market Will Grow Strongly Through 2023 3Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 2Activated Carbon Manufacturing in the US Industry Market Research Report Has Been Updated from IBISWorld 3Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 2Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 3Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 4Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 5Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 6Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 7Ipsen Announces the FDA Approval of Somatuline® Depot® (lanreotide) Injection for the Treatment of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors 8
Cached News: