HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Changes in jet stream, storm tracks, linked to prairie drought patterns, study finds

New findings from Queen's researchers will help experts better predict future drought patterns and water availability in the prairies.

An international research team including biologists Kathleen Laird and Brian Cumming from the Queen's Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Laboratory (PEARL), and Peter Leavitt from the University of Regina, investigated records of drought over the past 2000 years from lake sediments in the northern Canadian prairie region (Manitoba to Alberta), as well as from sites in North Dakota and Minnesota.

"Our results from the Canadian prairies show a previously unknown and abrupt shift in climatic conditions around AD 700, while in the northern U.S. prairies, the shift occurred 500 years later, at the onset of the Little Ice Age in North America," says Dr. Laird.

Although the mechanisms behind these patterns are poorly understood, the research team believes they are likely related to persistent changes in the shape and location of the jet stream and associated storm tracks.

"Similar large-scale shifts today would prove to be a major challenge for society, regardless of global warming particularly since persistent periods of drought in the past have coincided with stress and even collapse of societies," Dr. Laird says.

The study will be published in the March issue of the Proceedings of the National Association of Sciences (PNAS). Also on the team are researchers from the University of Nebraska, and NASA's National Space Science and Technology Center in Huntsville, AL.

In a previous study led by Dr. Cumming that spanned the past 5500 years, a similar large-scale change in climate was observed in British Columbia at AD 700. Additionally, they found that similar distinct shifts in climatic conditions occurred roughly every 1200 years throughout the entire span.

"The persistence and abrupt nature of these millennial-scale events represents a scale of climate change that
'"/>

Contact: Nancy Dorrance
dorrance@post.queensu.ca
613-533-2869
Queen's University
7-Mar-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Changes to insect-seeking calls of horseshoe bats may drive new species formation
2. Changes in shape of single protein plays key role in the spread of cancer cells
3. Changes in arctic ice affect life around the globe
4. Changes in prevalence of mutations associated with HIV treatment failure
5. Changes in rainfall patterns spur plant growth, carbon absorption across U.S.
6. Changes in agricultural practices help clean up Lake Erie
7. Changes in Lake Erie fish population suggest lakes recovery
8. Changes in Australian ecosystems tied to arrival of exotic animals
9. Changes in North American land use have had major impact on global environment
10. Changes in diet related to prevalence of asthma and allergies
11. Changes for chickens? New hybrid corn helps reduce phosphorus in poultry litter, UD scientists report

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/16/2014)... 16, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... biometric authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce ... including Wocket™, the Smart Wallet, at the 13 th ... a leading global conference on the intersection of technology ... Mark Anderson , founder and publisher of the Strategic ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... The book ,Models of Life, is a non-traditional biophysics ... itself. The book is a journey of discovery into ... of life and biological regulation. It is about how ... strategic communication between the billions of cells in an ... the relationships between principles, which can be found on ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Researchers have linked increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in ... sex hormone estrogen. , Females are naturally more resistant ... of scientists has shown that increased resistance to bacterial ... nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3). They also show that ... the female sex hormone estrogen. , The team, lead ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 2NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 3New book about life as seen from physics 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... Ras Al Khaimah, UAE (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... in game-changing life science and healthcare projects, announces the ... MBBS MRCGP DRCOG DCH to its advisory team. Dr. ... research advisory team. , A graduate of ... Dr. Siddiqui was subsequently degreed in medicine in 2001. ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Oct. 22, 2014   Synthetic Biologics, Inc. ... therapies for serious infections and diseases, announced today that ... Notice of Allowance for a composition of matter patent ... difficile program, SYN-004. This is Synthetic Biologics, first ... U.S. and adds to the Company,s extensive C. ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... -- Research and Markets  has announced the addition ... Application, Geography - Global Analysis and Forecast (2014 - ... Organic electronics, also called as polymer electronics or plastic ... with small conductive molecules and electrically conductive polymers. It ... are carbon based, made using synthetic strategies developed in ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... , Oct. 20, 2014 Mapp ... experimental ZMapp™ antibody therapeutic to fight the Ebola ... difficult and time-consuming the production of pharmaceuticals can ... research publisher said that while some may be ... this compound, those with industry knowledge are well ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Dr. Yousef Siddiqui joins the Grace Century Advisory Team 2Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 2Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 3Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 4Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 2Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 3Kalorama: ZMapp Highlights Need For Faster Biopharmaceutical Production 2Kalorama: ZMapp Highlights Need For Faster Biopharmaceutical Production 3
Cached News: