HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Chemists unlock secret to activating tumor suppressor gene

Researchers have discovered the way to activate a key anti-cancer signal that goes AWOL in several gynecologic and brain cancers.

Since the late 1990s, researchers have known that a gene called PTEN (short for phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10) encodes a signaling protein that suppresses tumor growth. What wasn't known, however, was what mechanism activated PTEN. The answer was found by a group of researchers led by University of Illinois at Chicago chemistry professor Wonhwa Cho. They report their findings in the June 9 online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"The role of PTEN is to counterbalance the action of an enzyme that induces cell growth," said Cho. "Over-activation of the enzyme can lead to cancer. So if you lose a PTEN gene and its cellular activity, the cell goes out of control. It's like a car with an accelerator but without the brakes."

It was generally thought that PTEN was activated by binding to other proteins, giving it a signal to interact with the cell membrane. But Cho said that's not the case.

Cho's group found that PTEN itself can be activated by phosphorylation, or the chemical addition of a phosphate tag.

"We found that the phosphorylation of certain sites of the PTEN protein worked as a switch to completely change its electrostatic property," said Cho. "It switched from being neutral to positively charged, then recognized the opposite charge on the membrane to bind there." Once the bind took hold, the cancer suppression action went to work.

Cho's laboratory used a biophysical technique called surface plasmon resonance analysis and cellular microscopic analysis of green fluorescence protein-labeled PTEN to unlock the secret of its activation. The UIC chemist believes the mechanism described for PTEN is a relatively common way to regulate membrane binding and activation of many cellular proteins involved in cell signaling and membrane traffickin
'"/>

Contact: Paul Francuch
francuch@uic.edu
312-996-3457
University of Illinois at Chicago
10-Jun-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Chemists at four pharmaceutical companies named Heroes for treating childhood conditions
2. Chemists create unusual lariat RNA, a key intermediate in biological splicing
3. American Institute of Chemists names Ralph Hirschmann AIC Gold Medalist
4. Chemists explore the shape of the key that signals cell division in cancer cells
5. Nanoencapsulation: Chemists at TSRI discover a new and simple way of controlling reactions
6. Chemists characterize regulators of zinc intake and export in cells
7. Chemists spin materials to improve magnetic resonance data
8. Chemists describe "zipper teeth" of DNA molecules -- publish results in the journal Nature
9. Chemists report new approach to synthetic fragments of medically important Heparin
10. Chemists hold national meeting August 22-26
11. Chemists hold national meeting August 22-26 in New Orleans

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Chemists unlock secret activating tumor suppressor gene

(Date:1/22/2015)... 20, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD and NXTDW) ... on the recent success of the Wocket™ smart wallet at CES 2015 ... wallet was named as one of the "11 Hot Products at CES" ... Launched At CES So Far" by Newseveryday.com and "The top 10 gadgets ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Europe,s most prestigious innovation prize ... present a video retrospective of the most exciting and innovative nominations  ... and Sophie Wilson   A different theme ... Starting on 22 January 2015 on   http://www.epo.org/european-inventor   ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Infinisource has launched its new NXG series of time clocks ... a higher standard for collecting attendance and labor data and ... installation, touch screen interface and seamless connection to cloud-based iSolved, ... solution for the small to mid-size employer. The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 3Ten Years of the European Inventor Award: A Retrospective Look at the Inventors and Ideas That Have Changed Our Lives 2Ten Years of the European Inventor Award: A Retrospective Look at the Inventors and Ideas That Have Changed Our Lives 3Infinisource's NXG series sets new time clock standard 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... CO / Rootstown, OH (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 ... detection platform, announced today that it has received AOAC-PTM Certifications ... O45, O1O3, O111, O121, and O145; collectively referred to as ... coli) O157, at 1 colony forming unit (cfu) per 325 ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Selexis SA, a serial innovation company with ... used for drug discovery to commercial manufacturing, announced today ... Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) data packages. The NGS analysis ... ensuring the integrity of the gene, validation of the ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... CAMBRIDGE, Mass. , Jan. 22, 2015   GenoSpace , ... suite of tools to enable the broad use of genomic, ... today announced the appointment of Michelle Munson , CEO ... independent director. Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150122/170713 ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Texas , Dec. 24, 2014  Vermillion, Inc. ... on gynecologic disease, announced today that the Company ... including Oracle Investment Management, Jack W. Schuler ... Total proceeds were $10.5 million, before offering expenses.  ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Crystal Diagnostics Awarded AOAC-PTM Accreditation for the Rapid Detection of “Big 6” E.coli Food Pathogens 2Selexis Generated Research Cell Banks Now Fully Sequenced Using Next-Generation Sequencing 2GenoSpace Expands Board with Appointment of Michelle Munson 2Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 2Vermillion Announces Closing of Equity Financing 3
Cached News: