HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Chest compression device outperforms manual CPR

A battery-operated compression belt buckled around the chest restores blood flow better than manual chest compressions and conventional CPR, according to a Johns Hopkins-led animal study.

The device, which resembles an eight-inch wide seat belt, is buckled around the chest, tightened and motorized. Once switched on, it contracts against the chest, stimulating blood flow.

Researchers who tested the device on 20 pigs in cardiac arrest found that it restored blood flow four times better than manual compressions and returned the hearts to pre-arrest condition. Results of the study, supported by Revivant Corp., are to be presented Nov. 19 at the American Heart Association's 75th annual Scientific Sessions in Chicago.

"The key to restoring viability is to wash out the waste and move oxygenated blood to the vital organs," says Henry R. Halperin, M.D., lead author of the study and professor of medicine and biomedical engineering at Hopkins. "The belt can compress a greater area of the chest than manual compressions, so it restores more blood flow than manual CPR. Wherever a health care professional would do manual CPR, a device like this could be better for the patient."

Researchers induced ventricular fibrillation, an electrical abnormality in the heart that precedes cardiac arrest, in the pigs. They then performed both manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation and CPR using the belt device, in random order, and measured blood pressure and flow before and after injecting the pigs with epinephrine, a hormone that constricts small blood vessels.

About 350,000 people each year suffer sudden cardiac arrest, 95 percent of whom die; most require defibrillation. Defibrillators are most effective if used within the first two minutes of arrest, Halperin says, but most attacks occur at home. It can take an average of six to eight minutes for paramedics to arrive, he says, and defibrillation is often unsuccessful at th
'"/>

Contact: Karen Blum
kblum@jhmi.edu
410-955-1534
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
19-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Chestnut trees to spread across landscape again, says Purdue scientist
2. Chestnuts used chemicals to dominate southern Appalachian forests
3. Can exercise before diving prevent decompression sickness?
4. Decompression is a gas
5. Groundbreaking research could ignite new solutions to heat transfer in nano-devices
6. University of Pittsburgh medical center among first to implant heart assist device
7. University of Pittsburgh receives NIH funding to develop heart assist device for infants
8. New database aids medical device exporters
9. Ancient Greeks help scientists build environmentally friendly nano devices
10. Tanning devices - Fast track to skin cancer?
11. New device can help defend against novel biological agents

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Chest compression device outperforms manual CPR

(Date:7/24/2014)... gathered at NJIT this week for an all-day public ... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to dredge toxic sediment from ... The EPA has called the plan, which proposes removing ... sections of the riverbed, one of the largest cleanups ... dredged and disposed off-site. , "We need to ensure ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... To reduce fire hazard in the United States, wildland ... woody shrubs and suppressed trees (ladder fuels). These ... periods of low fire danger in order to dispose ... hazardous air pollutants, managers often cover all or part ... referred to as agricultural plastic, in order to keep ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... by the New Jersey Recovery Fund and conducted by ... and Public Policy at Rutgers University has found that ... the likelihood of community-based rebuilding solutions. Of the more ... were "pessimistic" or "very pessimistic" that the parts of ... better than they were before the storm; another 24 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Experts Weigh the Pros and Cons of a $1.7 Billion EPA Cleanup Plan for the Passaic River at an NJIT 2Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality 2Rutgers study explores attitudes, preferences toward post-Sandy rebuilding 2
(Date:7/25/2014)... WABC Radio show out of New York City, ... will be hosting California-based Vet-Stem, Inc.’s Founder and CEO, Robert ... pets. Dr. Harman first visited the show in November ... pets suffering from osteoarthritis and other degenerative diseases, as well ... , Young has invited Dr. Harman back to dial down ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... (PRWEB) July 25, 2014 The Conferee ... for Topics for Conferee Networking. These two-hour sessions provide ... to meet and resolve problems, discuss new techniques, or ... deadline to submit a topic for consideration is August ... pittcon.org . The Conferee Networking committee will review the ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... California (PRWEB) July 25, 2014 Lawrence ... named to Thomson Reuters list of " The World's ... are part of the 3,000 researchers who were identified ... to recognize those who published the highest-impact work (2002-2012 ... research papers on combustion modeling . , "This ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... , July 25, 2014  Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. ... company focused on the development and commercialization of a ... and cholesterol gallstones, today announced financial results for the ... 2014 Financial Summary: , Reported cash and cash ... with $137,000 at December 31, 2013.  , Reported ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Robert J. Harman, DVM, Founder and CEO of Vet-Stem, Inc. to Join New York Radio Host Lorry Young in Upcoming Episode of A “Paws” For Your Pet 2Robert J. Harman, DVM, Founder and CEO of Vet-Stem, Inc. to Join New York Radio Host Lorry Young in Upcoming Episode of A “Paws” For Your Pet 3Pittcon 2015 Announces Call for Topics for Conferee Networking Sessions 2Scientists Burst onto Influential List for Combustion Research 2Scientists Burst onto Influential List for Combustion Research 3Scientists Burst onto Influential List for Combustion Research 4Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 2Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 3Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 4Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 5Galmed Pharmaceuticals Reports First Half 2014 Financial Results 6
Cached News: