HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Combination Therapy For Brain Tumors Holds Promise For Longer Survival After,,Surgery

Combination Therapy for Brain Tumors Holds Promise for Longer Survival After Surgery Despite advances in neuroimaging and surgery, no major developments in the treatment of malignant brain tumors have been introduced in the past two decades. Right now, surgeons rely on radiation therapy after removal of the tumor to mop up microscopic cancerous cells that could lead to regrowth. Brain tumors, however, are extremely resistant to radiation treatment. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have now found a way to make brain cancer cells more receptive to radiation treatment --by 60-fold in some cases.

"The goal of our research is to extend the survival of terminally ill patients and give them a better quality of life during that time," says Donald M. O'Rourke, MD, assistant professor of neurosurgery. "Following a diagnosis of brain cancer, median survival of patients is only 12 months with treatment." More than 17,000 new cases of brain cancer are reported each year, according to O'Rourke, and this diagnosis is nearly always fatal.

In a biochemical one-two punch to brain cancer cells, O'Rourke and colleagues inactivated a common cell-surface receptor called the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (or erbB for short) to arrest cell growth in human cell lines, which further sensitized the cells to radiation. This approach works in a similar way to Herceptin, the new breast-cancer-fighting drug awaiting FDA approval. Herceptin, a monoclonal antibody therapy, is based on the basic research performed by the laboratory of Mark I. Greene, MD, PhD, at Penn. Both strategies target mutated or overexpressed erbB receptor proteins that allow cancer cells to grow unchecked.

"Depending on which type of cell we used, we achieved between 20 and 60 percent cell death in cancer cells where the erbB receptor was first deactivated, versus zero to 5 percent in radiation-alone controls," reports O'Rourke. These findings were pu
'"/>

Contact: Karen Young Kreeger
kreeger@mail.med.upenn.edu
(215) 614-0290
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
16-Sep-1998


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Combination of gene therapy and gene silencing prevents neurodegenerative disease
2. Combination therapy dramatically improves function after spinal cord injury in rats
3. Combination therapy drives cancer into remission
4. Combination drug therapy drastically reduces multiple coronary heart disease risk factors
5. Combination therapy improves anthrax survival
6. Drug Combination May Prove Effective To Prevent Recurrence Of Hepatitis C After Transplantation
7. New Heart-Attack Indicator Dramatically Improves Diagnostic Accuracy Of ER Doctors: TnT/Echocardiogram Combination Could Reduce Needless Admissions
8. Dangerous Chemical Combination Presents Possible Scenario For Gulf War Illnesses
9. 1st International Conference on Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease
10. National Cancer Gene Therapy Foundation gives $4.0 million in research grants
11. Braunschweig Prize 2003 for Molecular Cancer Therapy

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/30/2014)... UT Arlington bioengineering professor has received a $1.04 ... to regenerate cartilage tissue and reduce osteoarthritis using ... injection of microscaffolding made of biodegradable polymers., Liping ... the bioengineering department, said the research is primarily ... on the battlefield., "We,ve found that if we ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Philadelphia, PA, October 30, 2014 – Bacteria in ... are critical for digestion. Yet, these same bacteria ... system if they penetrate the gut and enter ... natural response to protect the body, chronic or ... diseases. Prior research has established the involvement of ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... by unconventional oil and gas production are well over ... the open access journal Environmental Health . High ... The study is the first to be based on ... and could be used to supplement official air-quality monitoring ... that do not readily flow to the surface. This ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UTA researcher uses microscaffolding injections to mend cartilage, prevent osteoarthritis 2Breakdown in gut barriers to bacteria may promote inflammation and craving in alcoholics 2Air quality and unconventional oil and gas sites 2Air quality and unconventional oil and gas sites 3
(Date:10/30/2014)... 30, 2014 Whitehouse Laboratories has formally ... Stability Testing and Package Test Capacity. Responding to growing ... a dramatic increase in environmental chamber storage space that ... and aging samples to be securely held on site ... capital expenditure has already taken place with the recent ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... , Oct. 30, 2014 Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ... today announced that management will present a company overview at ... 8:30 a.m. ET in Boston, MA. ... available on the "Investors & Media" section of the Company,s ... the Isis website within 48 hours and will be archived ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... of the key challenges in the development of quantum ... , In a paper published today (28 October) in ... show how to make a new type of flexibly ... such as high-precision sensors and specialised superfast computers, often ... the methods for trapping these tiny particles are hugely ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... The new research report, “Gas ... Medium), Sub-type (Primary & Secondary), and End-User (Transmission ... & Power Generation) - Trends and Forecasts to ... analysis and forecasting of the market size. , ... 52 Figures spread through 146 Pages and in-depth ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Whitehouse Labs Announces Major Capital Investment in Stability and Storage Testing Capacity 2Whitehouse Labs Announces Major Capital Investment in Stability and Storage Testing Capacity 3Isis Pharmaceuticals to Present at the Nomura Biotechnology Conference 2Gas Insulated Switchgear Market worth $21,951.9 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Gas Insulated Switchgear Market worth $21,951.9 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Gas Insulated Switchgear Market worth $21,951.9 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4
Cached News: