Combination Therapy For Brain Tumors Holds Promise For Longer Survival After,,Surgery

Combination Therapy for Brain Tumors Holds Promise for Longer Survival After Surgery Despite advances in neuroimaging and surgery, no major developments in the treatment of malignant brain tumors have been introduced in the past two decades. Right now, surgeons rely on radiation therapy after removal of the tumor to mop up microscopic cancerous cells that could lead to regrowth. Brain tumors, however, are extremely resistant to radiation treatment. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have now found a way to make brain cancer cells more receptive to radiation treatment --by 60-fold in some cases.

"The goal of our research is to extend the survival of terminally ill patients and give them a better quality of life during that time," says Donald M. O'Rourke, MD, assistant professor of neurosurgery. "Following a diagnosis of brain cancer, median survival of patients is only 12 months with treatment." More than 17,000 new cases of brain cancer are reported each year, according to O'Rourke, and this diagnosis is nearly always fatal.

In a biochemical one-two punch to brain cancer cells, O'Rourke and colleagues inactivated a common cell-surface receptor called the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (or erbB for short) to arrest cell growth in human cell lines, which further sensitized the cells to radiation. This approach works in a similar way to Herceptin, the new breast-cancer-fighting drug awaiting FDA approval. Herceptin, a monoclonal antibody therapy, is based on the basic research performed by the laboratory of Mark I. Greene, MD, PhD, at Penn. Both strategies target mutated or overexpressed erbB receptor proteins that allow cancer cells to grow unchecked.

"Depending on which type of cell we used, we achieved between 20 and 60 percent cell death in cancer cells where the erbB receptor was first deactivated, versus zero to 5 percent in radiation-alone controls," reports O'Rourke. These findings were pu

Contact: Karen Young Kreeger
(215) 614-0290
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Combination of gene therapy and gene silencing prevents neurodegenerative disease
2. Combination therapy dramatically improves function after spinal cord injury in rats
3. Combination therapy drives cancer into remission
4. Combination drug therapy drastically reduces multiple coronary heart disease risk factors
5. Combination therapy improves anthrax survival
6. Drug Combination May Prove Effective To Prevent Recurrence Of Hepatitis C After Transplantation
7. New Heart-Attack Indicator Dramatically Improves Diagnostic Accuracy Of ER Doctors: TnT/Echocardiogram Combination Could Reduce Needless Admissions
8. Dangerous Chemical Combination Presents Possible Scenario For Gulf War Illnesses
9. 1st International Conference on Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease
10. National Cancer Gene Therapy Foundation gives $4.0 million in research grants
11. Braunschweig Prize 2003 for Molecular Cancer Therapy

Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/26/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/jwkl9t/capacitive ) has announced the ... and Patent Infringement Risk Analysis" report to their ... Fingerprint sensors using capacitive technology represent a fast ... Idex forecasts an increase of 360% of the number ... the fingerprint sensor market between 2014 and 2017 (source ...
(Date:11/19/2015)... 2015  Based on its in-depth analysis of the ... with the 2015 Global Frost & Sullivan Award for ... presents this award to the company that has developed ... of the market it serves. The award recognizes the ... on customer base demands, the overall impact it has ...
(Date:11/18/2015)... , Nov. 18, 2015  As new scientific ... children, doctors and other healthcare providers face challenges in ... families and patients. In addition, as more children continue ... a patient,s adulthood and old age. John ... The Children,s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) . ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nov. 30, 2015 Spherix Incorporated (Nasdaq: ... to the fostering and monetization of intellectual property, ... prospective initiatives designed to create shareholder value. ... of Spherix. "Based on published reports, the total ... $50 billion and Spherix will seek to secure ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... SAN DIEGO , Nov. 30, 2015  HUYA ... China,s pharmaceutical innovations, today announced ... Korea Drug Development Fund (KDDF) to foster collaboration between ... Korean development and commercialization of healthcare products for the ... potential as an important source of new innovative preclinical ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... San Jose, CA (PRWEB) , ... ... ... the Content Intelligence Company, today announced tighter software integration with MarkLogic, the ... management where organizations maximize information to drive change. , Smartlogic’s Content Intelligence ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , November 27, 2015 ... Growing popularity of companion diagnostics is one ... biomarkers market with pharmaceutical companies and diagnostic ... diagnostic tests. http://www.rnrmarketresearch.com/global-cancer-biomarkers-market-2015-2019-market-report.html . ... Complete report on global cancer biomarkers market ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: