HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Computer generates comparative gene maps

ITHACA, N.Y. -- Comparing the genomes of two related species of a plant or animal often helps to locate important genes that have been identified in one species but not in another, and can provide clues about how both species evolved from a common ancestor. But making these "comparative gene maps" has been a slow, painstaking process, something biologists do by hand over weeks, months or years, using data painstakingly collected in "wet labs" and analyzed with software designed to interpret only one map at a time.

Now, Cornell University researchers have come up with a way to do the comparison step in a few hours on a computer. In early tests, a computer-generated comparison of the genomes of rice and maize (corn) closely matched a similar map made by hand, and even suggested some relationships that had not shown up in the handmade map.

Debra Goldberg, Cornell graduate student in applied mathematics, developed the new method in collaboration with Susan McCouch, Cornell professor of plant breeding, and Jon Kleinberg, Cornell assistant professor of computer science. Goldberg described their work at the Gene Order Dynamics, Comparative Maps and Multigene Families (DCAF) workshop held September in Sainte-Adèle, Quebec, and will present a later version at the Plant and Animal Genome IX conference in San Diego in January. Their paper, "Algorithms for Constructing Comparative Maps," appears in Comparative Genomics (David Sankoff and Joseph H. Nadeau, Eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000). A software implementation of the new method soon will be available to geneticists.

"The point of this isn't just to compare rice and corn, but to be able to do it with any two species," Goldberg says. "Ideally we'd like to be able to find new evolutionary pathways."

Every so often, as reproductive cells divide, genes and segments of chromosomes get shuffled around. One chromosome meets another and pieces of DNA are moved or swapped. If those particular c
'"/>

Contact: Bill Steele
ws21@cornell.edu
607-255-7164
Cornell University News Service
20-Dec-2000


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Computer scientists at UH developing nurturing computers
2. Computer models expose humans as main cause of caribou decline
3. Computer database being developed at Temple will allow for better inventory of chemicals
4. Computer imaging of Archeopteryx skull suggests this dinosaur-bird link could fly
5. Computer model shows increased US threat from soybean rust
6. 20 May AAAS lecture: Computers that Respond to Human Emotion
7. Computer modeling targets epidemics, bioterror
8. Computer method identifies potentially active enzymes
9. Computer scientists develop tool for mining genomic data
10. Computer model offers new tool to probe Woburn toxic waste site
11. Computer models forecast sharp increase in temperature if heat-trapping emissions continue to rise

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Computer generates comparative gene maps

(Date:8/29/2014)... and number of connections in transcription factor networks (TFNs) ... a study published in PLOS Computational Biology ... signature contributes to a network,s resilience against mutations. ... assortativity of TFN models has a greater effect on ... of assortativity," said Dov A. Pechenick, PhD, lead author ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... nucleus, chromosomal DNA is tightly bound to structural ... chromatin. Until about two decades ago, histones were ... material around which the glamorous DNA strands were ... appreciation for how DNA/histone interactions govern gene expression. ... studying the sequence of the genome from cancer ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... to announce the selection of Dr. Fred Baxendale as ... those who have served ESA for at least 20 ... Society that has reached an extraordinary level. Candidates for ... and then voted on by the ESA membership. Dr. ... Entomology 2014, ESA,s Annual Meeting in Portland, Oregon this ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Assortativity signatures of transcription factor networks contribute to robustness 2'K-to-M' histone mutations: How repressing the repressors may drive tissue-specific cancers 2'K-to-M' histone mutations: How repressing the repressors may drive tissue-specific cancers 3Fred Baxendale selected as Honorary Member of the Entomological Society of America 2
(Date:8/28/2014)... (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 The ability ... a culture that will allow individuals to perform at ... increasingly important for employers looking to compete in this ... are embracing this trend, as the sector increasingly focuses ... a company, which will have real results on the ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... MENLO PARK, Calif. , Aug. 28, 2014 ... company focused on developing novel mid- to late-stage ... raised $7.0 million in its first round of ... AshHill Biomedical Investments and Hercules Bioventures with participation ... biotech entrepreneur and pharmaceutical executive, Dr. Larry ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... Earlier this month, a report was created ... U.S. Air Force on the performance of vehicles using ... type of fuel made from mustard seeds, offered great ... America’s Eco friendly future. In fact, every branch of ... independent of foreign oil over the next few years. ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... Varian Medical Systems today broke ground ... Lake City manufacturing facility and allow for the consolidation ... create 1,000 new full time jobs in the state ... home to hardworking people with immense engineering and technical ... success in the manufacturing of our state-of-the-art X-ray technology,” ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Klein Hersh International Leads Philadelphia Area Life Science Industry in Company Culture 2Klein Hersh International Leads Philadelphia Area Life Science Industry in Company Culture 3Armetheon Completes $7.0 Million Series A Financing 2Armetheon Completes $7.0 Million Series A Financing 3Can Small Farmers and a New Seed Based Biofuel “Green” the World? Major Universities and Even the U.S. Air Force Seem to Think So 2Can Small Farmers and a New Seed Based Biofuel “Green” the World? Major Universities and Even the U.S. Air Force Seem to Think So 3Can Small Farmers and a New Seed Based Biofuel “Green” the World? Major Universities and Even the U.S. Air Force Seem to Think So 4Can Small Farmers and a New Seed Based Biofuel “Green” the World? Major Universities and Even the U.S. Air Force Seem to Think So 5Varian Medical Systems Groundbreaking on Facility Expansion Triggers Influx of New Jobs to Salt Lake 2Varian Medical Systems Groundbreaking on Facility Expansion Triggers Influx of New Jobs to Salt Lake 3
Cached News: