HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
'Crack babies' do better when placed with non-family caregivers

Ever since the epidemic of cocaine and crack use that began in the 1980s, researchers and doctors have been concerned about the development of children born to women who used cocaine during their pregnancy.

Initially, research focused on the potential negative impacts of the drug itself, treating other factors associated with maternal drug use as interfering. However, as researchers accumulated more information, many concluded that focusing on the direct effect of the drug didn't provide a complete picture. In fact, in a letter to the editor of The New York Times on Nov. 28, 2003, 28 leading researchers in the field questioned whether the widely reported "crack baby" syndrome even exists.

In contrast to the lack of evidence regarding the toxic nature of cocaine itself on the developing fetus, the negative effect of cocaine use on the quality of care parents provide to their young children has been consistently documented. Thus, we studied how the type of care provided to toddlers who experienced prenatal cocaine exposure affected their development.

We followed 83 cocaine-exposed and 63 non-exposed children and their caregivers from birth until the children turned 2. By that age, 49 of the cocaine-exposed children remained with their parents while 34 were cared for by other adults. About half of the 34 children in non-parental care were cared for by relatives (kin care) and the rest by unrelated individuals.

We found that prenatal drug exposure was not directly related to the children's developmental outcome at age 2. However, we found that children in non-parental care, especially those in the care of people who were not relatives, had better environments than those cared for by their parents and performed better in several developmental areas.

This improved performance existed despite the fact that these children experienced more problems at birth than the children who remained with their mothers, including prematurit
'"/>

Contact: Karen Melnyk
kmelnyk@apa.org
202-336-5926
Society for Research in Child Development
16-Jul-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. UK study shows breast-feeding increases babies IQ
2. Lycopene slows human prostate tumour growth in mice and combined with vitamin E is even better
3. Microbes eat their way to better concrete
4. Computer database being developed at Temple will allow for better inventory of chemicals
5. New and better drugs for tuberculosis goal of UH professor
6. Ants protect plants better when jacked up on nectar
7. The blind really do hear better
8. Microarrays, key genome expression trackers, work better when probes are sequence-verified
9. Researchers develop better understanding of immune response to viral infection
10. A better way to copy DNA
11. Gene profiles could improve acute leukemia diagnosis and lead to better treatments

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Crack babies better when placed with non family caregivers

(Date:6/29/2015)... June 24, 2015 Research ... the "Latin America Biomedical Sensors Market - Growth, ... The Latin America Biomedical Sensors market is ... of 2.04% over the period 2014-2020 The ... to the genetic formulation of each individual. These sensors ...
(Date:6/25/2015)... DALLAS , June 25, 2015 ... report "Fingerprint Sensors Market by Type (Swipe & Area), Technology, ... (Mobile, Government, Healthcare, Commercial Security & Others) & ... published by marketsandmarkets, the said market is expected ... CAGR of 17.1%. Browse 76 ...
(Date:6/25/2015)... -- TAKE Solutions Ltd., a global business technology solutions provider, ... and Trademark Office (USPTO) for its "Method for Optimizing ... Accelerators to reduce the time taken to standardize trial ... the accelerators), thus reducing time to market. ... heart of the patented Clinical Data Standardization Process are ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Latin America Biomedical Sensors Market Report 2015-2020 2Fingerprint Sensors Market Worth $14,500.07 Million by 2020 2Fingerprint Sensors Market Worth $14,500.07 Million by 2020 3Fingerprint Sensors Market Worth $14,500.07 Million by 2020 4TAKE Solutions Awarded Patent By USPTO 2
(Date:7/28/2015)... , July 28, 2015 BioStructures, ... it has hit a milestone of 4,000 implantations ... FDA 510(k) cleared in early 2014 as a ... posterolateral spine fusion procedures.  This is a distinguished ... less than 6% of new synthetic products have ...
(Date:7/28/2015)... CITY , July 28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Aeterna ... today announced that it has granted to German ... funding the development and commercialization of biotechnology (collectively, ... live recombinant oral allogenic tumor vaccine technology (the ... for prostate cancer which is ready to enter ...
(Date:7/28/2015)... Israel , July 28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... regenerative medicine company utilizing its proprietary plant-based rhCollagen ... Shomrat Shurtz has been appointed Senior Director of ...      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150728/246955 ) , ... experience in marketing, regulatory and business strategy. Prior ...
(Date:7/27/2015)... July 27, 2015  Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN ) ... financial results on Thursday, July 30, 2015, after the ... be followed by a conference call with the investment ... from Amgen will be Robert A. Bradway , ... Amgen,s senior management team. Live audio of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Revolutionary Bone Graft Exceeds Expectations 2Aeterna Zentaris Grants Option to Develop and Commercialize Oral Allogenic Cancer Vaccine Technology 2Aeterna Zentaris Grants Option to Develop and Commercialize Oral Allogenic Cancer Vaccine Technology 3CollPlant Names Shomrat Shurtz Senior Director of Business Development 2Amgen Announces Webcast of 2015 Second Quarter Financial Results 2
Cached News: