HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Dartmouth researchers expose weakness of common parasite

Hanover, NH Dartmouth Medical School geneticists in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology have discovered how to weaken a common human parasite to prevent disease in an animal model after infection by the normal parasite. The work, reported in the February 21 issue of Nature, opens new avenues for the development of vaccines and other treatments for diseases such as toxoplasmosis caused by a diverse, but related group of protozoan parasites.

Barbara A. Fox, a research associate, and David J. Bzik, PhD, associate professor of microbiology and immunology, found that inactivating a single enzyme in a key biochemical pathway prevented Toxoplasma gondii from causing disease.

The T. gondi parasite, most commonly spread through undercooked meat (and occasionally through cats), causes toxoplasmosis, which generally poses no problems in infected people, but can be life threatening in immunocompromised patients and cause severe birth defects in newborns from primary infections during pregnancy. T. gondii belongs to a family of parasites that include the human pathogens Cryptosporidium parvum, also a danger for immunocompromised patients, and Plasmodium falciparum, a cause of virulent malaria that kills more than 2 million children world-wide each year.

Fox and Bzik have devised a mutant T. gondii strain that causes no disease and, more importantly, provides protection against the normal parasite. "Because of the extraordinary ability of this mutant parasite to infect the animal host without apparent ill effects, this mutant could be used as a prototype vaccine strain," said Bzik.

"This parasite is amenable to further genetic manipulation; it has an amazing ability to elicit a strong immune response that is likely to be beneficial for certain vaccines targeted against other challenging infectious diseases or cancer," added Fox.

"Parasites have been around a long time and have become very proficient at stealing things from their host, if th
'"/>

Contact: Steve Snyder
dms.communications@dartmouth.edu
603-650-1492
Dartmouth Medical School
20-Feb-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Dartmouth Medical School awarded $9 million grant for genomics research
2. Dartmouth study advances prion disease research
3. Dartmouth bioengineers develop humanized yeast
4. Dartmouth researchers find two circadian clocks in the same plant tissue
5. Dartmouth engineers closer to mass-producing therapeutic proteins
6. Arsenic in drinking water may be linked to cancer Dartmouth study finds
7. Dartmouth researchers put recycling in perspective
8. Dartmouth Medical School geneticists discover new role for antisense RNA
9. Dartmouth researchers identify multi-tasking circadian protein
10. New way found to see light through novel protein identified by Dartmouth geneticists
11. Cancer killing gene found by Dartmouth researchers

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Dartmouth researchers expose weakness common parasite

(Date:7/29/2014)... UK overseas territory of Ascension Island, one of the ... a renaissance. , Writing in the journal Biodiversity ... and Ascension Island Government Conservation Department report that the ... Atlantic outpost has increased by more than 500 per ... as 24,000 nests are now estimated to be laid ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... Schools of Dentistry (UM SOD) and Medicine (UM ... a five-year $10.7 million grant award from the ... of the National Institutes of Health to study ... (STDs). The grant, which renews a previous $12 ... direction for the research by studying chlamydial and ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... for parents of preterm babies latest research from the ... they become teenagers, the brains of many preterm children can ... A study conducted by the University,s Robinson Research Institute ... experiences no brain injury in early life, their cognitive abilities ... term-born peers. , However, the results of the study, published ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Major turtle nesting beaches protected in 1 of the UK's far flung overseas territories 2University of Maryland Schools of Dentistry and Medicine receive NIH grant 2University of Maryland Schools of Dentistry and Medicine receive NIH grant 3University of Maryland Schools of Dentistry and Medicine receive NIH grant 4Preterm children's brains can catch up years later 2
(Date:7/29/2014)... 2014 “PharmaSphere: Emerging Biotech Investment ... Capital Funding” report provides in-depth analysis of the ... and venture capital segments of the financial industry, ... have significant impact on the future of emerging ... the report identifies regions of the world that ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... 2014 Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI), a genomics ... extending the healthy, high performance human life span, today ... an expert in machine learning and machine translation as ... from Google where he was Distinguished Research Scientist and ... to HLI Co-Founder and CEO, J. Craig Venter ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... July 29, 2014  The Society for Clinical ... updated program for the 9 th annual ... in Amelia Island , Florida.  The focus ... remains unchanged, however, the topics and format will ... opportunity among all stakeholders with a continued focus ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... , July 29, 2014  Discovery Laboratories, Inc. ... advancing a new standard of respiratory critical care, will ... August 5, 2014 before the open of the ... will host a live teleconference and webcast at ... conference call, Discovery Labs, management will discuss the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Strategic Trends of Biotech Investment Industry (Private Equity and Venture Capital Funding) in New Report Available at MarketOptimizer.org 2Strategic Trends of Biotech Investment Industry (Private Equity and Venture Capital Funding) in New Report Available at MarketOptimizer.org 3Strategic Trends of Biotech Investment Industry (Private Equity and Venture Capital Funding) in New Report Available at MarketOptimizer.org 4Franz Och, Ph.D., Expert in Machine Learning and Machine Translation, Joins Human Longevity, Inc. as Chief Data Scientist 2Franz Och, Ph.D., Expert in Machine Learning and Machine Translation, Joins Human Longevity, Inc. as Chief Data Scientist 3TransCelerate, Lilly, Pfizer, and FDA Highlight Collaborative Program at the Site Solutions Summit 2TransCelerate, Lilly, Pfizer, and FDA Highlight Collaborative Program at the Site Solutions Summit 3Discovery Labs to Report 2014 Second Quarter Financial Results and Hold Conference Call on Tuesday, August 5, 2014 at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time 2
Cached News: