During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the International Biological Program (IBP) began to study how water affects productivity in different ecosystems. It was not until this current group of scientists pooled long-term data in a workshop at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis at University of California, Santa Barbara that the scope and similarity of productivity in all ecosystems was seen. Their study, published in the journal Nature, represents datasets from 14 ecosystems.
The RUEmax model predicts that when water is the most limiting resource there will be convergence in the production-precipitation ratio for all biomes. The previous, site model predicts there will be a difference in productivity and that sensitivity of different ecosystems is a function of the different forms of plant growth.
"We looked across nine different biomes - from a forest all the way to a very dry desert - at the sensitivity of production to precipitation," said Smith, associate professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Yale. "The data showed that if you look at the driest year, when water is most limiting, in any of the 14 sites - and compare growth production in that year - the rate of growth production in all biomes converges to a RUEmax that is very similar to what is seen in deserts."
Therefore, in a forest, during a really dry year there is the same growth production per unit of precipitation as there is in a really dry year in a desert. This data indicates that production sensitivity depends on the extent to which water is the limiting resource.