HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Detecting chemical threats with 'intelligent' networks

Prototype microsensor arrays connected to artificial neural networks--computer models that "learn"--can reliably identify trace amounts of toxic gases in seconds, well before concentration levels become lethal, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) scientists and a guest researcher reported Sept. 7 at the American Chemical Society annual meeting in New York City. The system has the potential to provide cost-effective early warning of chemical warfare agents.

Lab experiments show that the sensors, which use NIST-patented microheater technology, can detect compounds such as sulfur-mustard gas and nerve agents (tabun and sarin) at levels below 1 part per million. The neural networks, which currently run on a personal computer, were added recently to process signals from the sensor arrays. The networks enable the system to rapidly distinguish among the gases and predict their concentration in the ambient air.

The microheaters, which are coated with metal oxide films, can be programmed to cycle through a range of temperatures. Airborne chemicals attach to the film in characteristic ways depending on factors such as temperature and film material, causing changes in the flow of electricity through the microsensors. These changes serve as a "signature" for identifying both the type and concentration of the gas in the ambient air.

The neural networks were trained to detect subtle variations in these signatures. An array of four microheater sensors programmed to quickly sample 20 temperatures produces as much data as 80 different sensors.

Research is ongoing to more fully assess the impact of background interference as a means of avoiding false positives, and to enhance the robustness of the sensors with repeated use. The research is funded by NIST and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency.


'"/>

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
301-975-4034
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
10-Sep-2003


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Detecting bacteria in space: The good, the bad and the unknown
2. Taking the pulse of giants: Detecting change and its consequences in western mountain ecosystems
3. Detecting Deer: New Method For Counting Population In Urban Areas
4. Reagent Strips Not Sufficient In Detecting Bacteriuria In Early Pregnancy
5. DNA lends scientists a hand, revealing new chemical reactions
6. Grant advances biochemical engineering laboratory
7. Bullish chemical could repel yellow fever mosquitoes
8. Computer database being developed at Temple will allow for better inventory of chemicals
9. Cleaner water, more efficient electricity among UH chemical research
10. New world record magnet for chemical and biomedical research
11. Common chemicals morphing into potential toxins in Arctic

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 No two ... researchers at the New York University Tandon School ... Engineering have found that partial similarities between prints ... used in mobile phones and other electronic devices ... The vulnerability lies in the fact that ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... 5, 2017  The Allen Institute for Cell Science ... a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital window into the ... the first application of deep learning to create predictive ... lines and a growing suite of powerful tools. The ... and future publicly available resources created and shared by ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... NEW YORK , April 4, 2017   ... solutions, today announced that the United States Patent and ... The patent broadly covers the linking of an iris ... the same transaction) and represents the company,s 45 th ... our latest patent is very timely given the multi-modal ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... Phoenix, Arizona (PRWEB) , ... ... ... is proud to introduce the Fluidnatek® Electrospinning and Electrospraying ... and electrospraying equipment scales from table-top equipment for the lab to fully ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... 16, 2017  This year,s edition of the Inc. 5000 features a ... workforce solutions, has made the list for the third year in a ... fastest-growing private companies based on a set of quantitative metrics. In addition, ... fastest-growing companies in the Bay State . ... Inc. 5000 ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... PA (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... one of the largest Asian exhibitions for analytical and scientific instruments. This year’s ... will be “New Approaches in Mass Spectrometry for Bioanalytical Applications.” This dynamic presentation ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... Now mobile responsive, the new website makes it easy to navigate through the ... Users can now find detailed product information, educational industry content and visit the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: