HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Dinosaurs: New study counters age-old theory

Movies such as Jurassic Park and the acclaimed BBC television series Walking with Dinosaurs portray long-necked dinosaurs as raising their necks vertically to browse from the tops of trees.

And while most dinosaur palaeontologists also believe long-necked dinosaurs - collectively known as sauropods - behaved this way, a leading Adelaide University researcher has just published new data which suggests otherwise.

Dr Roger Seymour, from Adelaides Department of Environmental Biology, has co-authored a paper in the prestigious Proceedings of the Royal Society in London, which argues it was physically impossible for sauropods to behave in this way. The paper argues that due to the sauropods possible heart size and metabolic rates, the only way they could have functioned on land was with a horizontal neck.

Dr Seymour based his findings on his research of the factors which determine heart size in animals. He has spent the past 24 years collecting data on heart morphology and arterial blood pressure in reptiles, birds and mammals to determine how blood pressure influences the thickness of the heart wall. His research is directed at understanding the evolution of vertebrate cardiovascular systems.

His research shows that heart size in all animals depends on two factors: the vertical distance of the head above the heart, and whether the animal was cold- or warm-blooded. For example, the giraffe has exceptionally high blood pressure and an enlarged heart because it has to pump blood up its long neck. Birds and mammals also have relatively large hearts because they are warm-blooded, while cold-blooded reptiles have low metabolic rates, low blood pressures and smaller hearts.

"We have determined that the left ventricle in a warm-blooded Barosaurus, for instance, would have needed to weigh about 2000kg to pump the blood its brain needed," he
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Roger Seymour
roger.seymour@adelaide.edu.au
61-88-303-5596
Adelaide University
23-Oct-2000


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Student science contest participation influences study, career choices, alumni say
2. New study shows hope for treating inhalant abuse
3. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
4. Cigarette smoke causes breaks in DNA and defects to a cells chromosomes, Pitt study finds
5. New study indicates arsenic could be suitable as first-line treatment in type of leukaemia
6. Phase II trials of second-generation antisense cancer drug planned following successful early study
7. Preclinical safety study shows adipose-derived stem cells improve heart function after heart attack
8. Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs
9. K-State, other universities to study how climate affects plant evolution
10. USC study links historical increases in life span to lower childhood exposure to infection
11. Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Dinosaurs New study counters age old theory

(Date:8/20/2014)... Aug. 20, 2014 George E. Fox, a John and ... of Houston (UH), was named a fellow in the International ... , Fox is one of four members two ... chosen as fellows in 2014. Fellows are elected every ... more than 500 members from more than 20 countries, the ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, NY, nearly half engaged ... ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, and ... Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels as ... , Pregnant teens, regardless of pica, are at higher ... deficiency and anemia. Low iron in pregnant teens raises ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah have ... encodes BCR-ABL, the unregulated enzyme driving the blood cancer ... Society, nearly 6,000 new cases of CML will be ... tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), target BCR-ABL and are effective ... but control it in a way that allows patients ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UH professor named fellow by International Astrobiology Society 2Pica in pregnant teens linked to low iron 2Blueprint for next generation of chronic myeloid leukemia treatment 2
(Date:8/20/2014)... Aug. 20, 2014 Clintrax Global, Inc., ... in Raleigh, NC , recently ... as Vice President of Administration. ... all corporate processes, including their alignment with company ... Brad worked as an HR executive, specializing in ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... of patented university inventions licensed to biotechnology firms ... commercialization. To open these roadblocks, the researchers suggest ... the discovery stage could lead to faster commercialization ... derived from discoveries made in university laboratories and ... during clinical trials, which have a high failure ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... school history lessons often have it that American Indians ... cough, chicken pox, influenza and tuberculosis brought to the ... estimates vary, about 20 million people lived in the ... of them were killed by European diseases., But new ... State University and Johannes Krause of the University of ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... in measuring vibrational motion of a single molecule with ... of a single molecule differs from the behaviour of ... at the University of California, Irvine, where post-doctoral researcher ... a visiting fellow under professor Vartkess A. Apkarian, whose ... lead by Professor Eric O. Potma. The results of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Clintrax Global, Inc. Announces Addition to Executive Team 2Early bottlenecks in developing biopharmaceutical products delay commercialization 2Early bottlenecks in developing biopharmaceutical products delay commercialization 3Unusual discovery leads to fascinating tuberculosis theory 2Unusual discovery leads to fascinating tuberculosis theory 3Seeing a molecule breathe 2
Cached News: