HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Dinosaurs: New study counters age-old theory

Movies such as Jurassic Park and the acclaimed BBC television series Walking with Dinosaurs portray long-necked dinosaurs as raising their necks vertically to browse from the tops of trees.

And while most dinosaur palaeontologists also believe long-necked dinosaurs - collectively known as sauropods - behaved this way, a leading Adelaide University researcher has just published new data which suggests otherwise.

Dr Roger Seymour, from Adelaides Department of Environmental Biology, has co-authored a paper in the prestigious Proceedings of the Royal Society in London, which argues it was physically impossible for sauropods to behave in this way. The paper argues that due to the sauropods possible heart size and metabolic rates, the only way they could have functioned on land was with a horizontal neck.

Dr Seymour based his findings on his research of the factors which determine heart size in animals. He has spent the past 24 years collecting data on heart morphology and arterial blood pressure in reptiles, birds and mammals to determine how blood pressure influences the thickness of the heart wall. His research is directed at understanding the evolution of vertebrate cardiovascular systems.

His research shows that heart size in all animals depends on two factors: the vertical distance of the head above the heart, and whether the animal was cold- or warm-blooded. For example, the giraffe has exceptionally high blood pressure and an enlarged heart because it has to pump blood up its long neck. Birds and mammals also have relatively large hearts because they are warm-blooded, while cold-blooded reptiles have low metabolic rates, low blood pressures and smaller hearts.

"We have determined that the left ventricle in a warm-blooded Barosaurus, for instance, would have needed to weigh about 2000kg to pump the blood its brain needed," he
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Roger Seymour
roger.seymour@adelaide.edu.au
61-88-303-5596
Adelaide University
23-Oct-2000


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Student science contest participation influences study, career choices, alumni say
2. New study shows hope for treating inhalant abuse
3. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
4. Cigarette smoke causes breaks in DNA and defects to a cells chromosomes, Pitt study finds
5. New study indicates arsenic could be suitable as first-line treatment in type of leukaemia
6. Phase II trials of second-generation antisense cancer drug planned following successful early study
7. Preclinical safety study shows adipose-derived stem cells improve heart function after heart attack
8. Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs
9. K-State, other universities to study how climate affects plant evolution
10. USC study links historical increases in life span to lower childhood exposure to infection
11. Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Dinosaurs New study counters age old theory

(Date:7/23/2015)... (NASDAQ: AWRE ), a leading supplier of biometrics software ... ended June 30, 2015.  Revenue for the ... 33% compared to $6.8 million in the same quarter last ... $0.3 million, or $0.01 per diluted share, which compared to ... period a year ago.  Lower revenue and ...
(Date:7/21/2015)... Passwords have proven futile for securing ... U.S. Office of Personnel Management breach. Biometric authentication ... but developers and end-users are concerned about how ... Biometrics-as-a-Service provider HYPR Corp. announced today the general ... party integration. A video overview ...
(Date:7/9/2015)... 9, 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: SYNA ), a ... it will report financial results for the fourth quarter ... after the close of market. The company will host ... 2:00 p.m. PT (5:00 p.m. ET), during which management ... on the live call, analysts and investors should dial ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 2HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 3HYPR Corp. Launches Industry First Biometric Tokenization Platform 4Synaptics to Report Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 2015 Results on July 30 2
(Date:7/30/2015)... ... July 31, 2015 , ... Ralco is honored to announce ... Lyon County Fair to be held August 5-9 in Marshall. The Ralco Enrichment Center ... come from and how agriculture impacts their daily lives. This unique exhibit also features ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... Washington , July 30, 2015 ... Market, by Product (Software, Molecular Modeling, PB/PK, PKPD, Trial ... Discovery & Development, Preclinical, Clinical Trial), by End Users ... Biosimulation Market is expected to reach USD 2,107.99 million ... a CAGR of 15.29%. Browse more ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... 2015 Ascendis Pharma A/S (Nasdaq: ... innovative TransCon technology to address significant unmet medical ... six-month Phase 2 study to evaluate the safety ... 53 treatment-naïve, pre-pubertal children with growth hormone deficiency, ... with the top-line results from our Phase 2 ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... 2015 Sanofi, a global ... second quarter of 2015. CEO Olivier Brandicourt ... performance in different businesses. Watch video ... Topics covered in the interview ... - Performance drivers - Diabetes ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Ralco Announces Primary Sponsorship of Ralco Enrichment Center at Lyon County Fair 2Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 2Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 3Biosimulation Market Worth 2,107.99 Million USD by 2020 4Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 2Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 3Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 4Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 5Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 6Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 7
Cached News: