HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Do the effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol differ by culture?

  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder.
  • Most studies of FAS have been conducted in western countries and cultures.
  • A first-of-its-kind study has examined FAS children in a South African community.
  • "Cultural context" may have little influence on the damaging effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol.

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) comprises a number of birth defects that occur as a result of in utero exposure to alcohol. Researchers have established that the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure may vary according to the quantity and frequency of exposure, genetic factors, and postnatal environment. An important component of a child's environment is its culture. In fact, cultural variances have been shown to influence a range of cognitive abilities, including memory, problem solving, language, and visual perception. Examining a group of children with FAS in a South African community, a study in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research is the first to systematically investigate if the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure vary as a function of culture.

"After fetal alcohol syndrome became recognized as a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder," said Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku (Kodi), research assistant professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico and co-author of the study, "North American and European physicians were trained to diagnose it. Furthermore, many studies of prevalence, cognitive and behavioral characteristics, and biological mechanisms of this disorder have been funded, specifically in the United States. However, even though FAS has been highly prevalent in non-western countries such as Russia and South Africa, it was not recognized as a problem until recently, partly because of sociopolitical climates."

"Studies of other kinds of neurodevelopmental disabilities," added Dan
'"/>

Contact: Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku, Ph.D.
kodpw@unm.edu
505-768-0144
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
15-Apr-2001


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. 9/11 search-and-rescue dogs exhibit few effects from exposure to disaster sites
2. Long-term effects of carbon monoxide poisoning are an autoimmune reaction
3. Marathoning mice could have Olympian effects on obesity
4. Iron can have negative side effects on people with kidney disease
5. Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects
6. Manipulating biotope space can enhance beneficial biodiversity effects
7. The Mediterranean connection: ecological effects of El Nio in the Northern hemisphere
8. Synthetic hormone used in contraceptives and HRT produces negative effects in monkey studies
9. Gene at root of urban air pollutions lung effects
10. Nonalcoholic beverages may impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol
11. In male monkeys, too much soy has adverse effects

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: the effects prenatal exposure alcohol differ culture

(Date:2/5/2015)... 27, 2015   Marvin Test Solutions ... innovative test solutions for military, aerospace, and ... its TS-323 GENASYS Test Platform ... GENASYS is a high-performance PXI-based system designed ... that require performance functional testing. GENASYS features ...
(Date:2/5/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( ... "Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By ... report to their offering. , ... is anticipated to overtake North ... government spending towards IT security, government biometric based ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015 Research and Markets ... "Biometrics - A Global Market Overview" report to their ... technology is to ensure that an individual is who she/he ... may make use of a person,s unique physical characteristics, such ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Marvin Test Solutions' GENASYS Platform Advances Mission-Critical Aerospace Production Test 2Marvin Test Solutions' GENASYS Platform Advances Mission-Critical Aerospace Production Test 3Marvin Test Solutions' GENASYS Platform Advances Mission-Critical Aerospace Production Test 4Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, Applications, End Use, Regions and Countries 2Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, Applications, End Use, Regions and Countries 3Biometrics - A Global Market Overview 2Biometrics - A Global Market Overview 3
(Date:3/5/2015)...  Twelve patients today are preparing to participate in ... California Pacific Medical Center (CPMC), a Sutter Health affiliate. ... be the largest single-center kidney paired donation chain conducted ... the 44-year history of the CPMC Transplant Center. The ... altruistic donor who did not have a specific recipient ...
(Date:3/5/2015)... 2015 BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy (BioPlus) announces ... Vice President of Managed Care. In this role, Damm ... of the nation’s leading specialty pharmacies. , Damm, who ... of specialty pharmacy and biotech experience to his new ... Vertex Pharmaceuticals, and Pfizer. Prior to working in Healthcare ...
(Date:3/5/2015)... March 5, 2015  UBM Medica US announces ... leading online community to help oncologists and other ... information available regarding the use of targeted therapies ... March is National Kidney Cancer ... effective adjuvant treatment options for renal cell carcinoma ...
(Date:3/5/2015)... (UK) (PRWEB) March 05, 2015 The ... polymer have received the CE mark (European) approval. The ... European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the European Union. ... has now been granted to implants supplied by the ... spinal conditions. , Osimplant's Cervical Expandable Bladed HA ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Altruistic donor starts large West Coast single-center kidney paired donation at CPMC 2Altruistic donor starts large West Coast single-center kidney paired donation at CPMC 3Altruistic donor starts large West Coast single-center kidney paired donation at CPMC 4BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy Announces Hiring of New Vice President of Managed Care: Jamie Damm 2OncoTherapy Network Highlights Kidney Cancer Awareness Month 2OncoTherapy Network Highlights Kidney Cancer Awareness Month 3Invibio’s PEEK-OPTIMA® HA Enhanced Gains Momentum: New Implant Receives European Approval 2Invibio’s PEEK-OPTIMA® HA Enhanced Gains Momentum: New Implant Receives European Approval 3
Cached News: