HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Do the effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol differ by culture?

  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder.
  • Most studies of FAS have been conducted in western countries and cultures.
  • A first-of-its-kind study has examined FAS children in a South African community.
  • "Cultural context" may have little influence on the damaging effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol.

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) comprises a number of birth defects that occur as a result of in utero exposure to alcohol. Researchers have established that the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure may vary according to the quantity and frequency of exposure, genetic factors, and postnatal environment. An important component of a child's environment is its culture. In fact, cultural variances have been shown to influence a range of cognitive abilities, including memory, problem solving, language, and visual perception. Examining a group of children with FAS in a South African community, a study in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research is the first to systematically investigate if the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure vary as a function of culture.

"After fetal alcohol syndrome became recognized as a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder," said Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku (Kodi), research assistant professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico and co-author of the study, "North American and European physicians were trained to diagnose it. Furthermore, many studies of prevalence, cognitive and behavioral characteristics, and biological mechanisms of this disorder have been funded, specifically in the United States. However, even though FAS has been highly prevalent in non-western countries such as Russia and South Africa, it was not recognized as a problem until recently, partly because of sociopolitical climates."

"Studies of other kinds of neurodevelopmental disabilities," added Dan
'"/>

Contact: Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku, Ph.D.
kodpw@unm.edu
505-768-0144
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
15-Apr-2001


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. 9/11 search-and-rescue dogs exhibit few effects from exposure to disaster sites
2. Long-term effects of carbon monoxide poisoning are an autoimmune reaction
3. Marathoning mice could have Olympian effects on obesity
4. Iron can have negative side effects on people with kidney disease
5. Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects
6. Manipulating biotope space can enhance beneficial biodiversity effects
7. The Mediterranean connection: ecological effects of El Nio in the Northern hemisphere
8. Synthetic hormone used in contraceptives and HRT produces negative effects in monkey studies
9. Gene at root of urban air pollutions lung effects
10. Nonalcoholic beverages may impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol
11. In male monkeys, too much soy has adverse effects

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/29/2016)... 29, 2016 LegacyXChange, Inc. (OTC: ... and SelectaDNA/CSI Protect are pleased to announce our successful ... a variety of writing instruments, ensuring athletes signatures against ... collectibles from athletes on LegacyXChange will be assured of ... DNA. Bill Bollander , CEO states, ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... , March 22, 2016 ... research report "Electronic Sensors Market for Consumer Industry by ... & Others), Application (Communication & IT, Entertainment, ... - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... is expected to reach USD 26.76 Billion ...
(Date:3/21/2016)... -- Unique technology combines v ...   Xura, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... communications services, today announced it is working alongside SpeechPro ... particularly those in the Financial Services Sector, the ability ... a mobile app, alongside, and in combination with, traditional ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016  The Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) is pleased to ... faster cures for prostate cancer. Members of the Class of 2016 were selected ... Read More About the Class of 2016 PCF Young Investigators ... ... ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... STACS DNA Inc., the sample ... the Arkansas State Crime Laboratory, has joined STACS DNA as a Field Application Specialist. ... said Jocelyn Tremblay, President and COO of STACS DNA. “In further expanding our capacity ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Andrew D Zelenetz ... Published recently in Oncology ... touchONCOLOGY, Andrew D Zelenetz , discusses the ... is placing an increasing burden on healthcare systems ... With the patents on many biologics expiring, interest ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... 23, 2016 , ... Velocity Products, a division of Morris ... optimized exclusively for Okuma CNC machining centers at The International Manufacturing Technology Show, ... several companies with expertise in toolholding, cutting tools, machining dynamics and distribution, Velocity ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: