HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Do the effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol differ by culture?

  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder.
  • Most studies of FAS have been conducted in western countries and cultures.
  • A first-of-its-kind study has examined FAS children in a South African community.
  • "Cultural context" may have little influence on the damaging effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol.

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) comprises a number of birth defects that occur as a result of in utero exposure to alcohol. Researchers have established that the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure may vary according to the quantity and frequency of exposure, genetic factors, and postnatal environment. An important component of a child's environment is its culture. In fact, cultural variances have been shown to influence a range of cognitive abilities, including memory, problem solving, language, and visual perception. Examining a group of children with FAS in a South African community, a study in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research is the first to systematically investigate if the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure vary as a function of culture.

"After fetal alcohol syndrome became recognized as a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder," said Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku (Kodi), research assistant professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico and co-author of the study, "North American and European physicians were trained to diagnose it. Furthermore, many studies of prevalence, cognitive and behavioral characteristics, and biological mechanisms of this disorder have been funded, specifically in the United States. However, even though FAS has been highly prevalent in non-western countries such as Russia and South Africa, it was not recognized as a problem until recently, partly because of sociopolitical climates."

"Studies of other kinds of neurodevelopmental disabilities," added Dan
'"/>

Contact: Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku, Ph.D.
kodpw@unm.edu
505-768-0144
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
15-Apr-2001


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. 9/11 search-and-rescue dogs exhibit few effects from exposure to disaster sites
2. Long-term effects of carbon monoxide poisoning are an autoimmune reaction
3. Marathoning mice could have Olympian effects on obesity
4. Iron can have negative side effects on people with kidney disease
5. Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects
6. Manipulating biotope space can enhance beneficial biodiversity effects
7. The Mediterranean connection: ecological effects of El Nio in the Northern hemisphere
8. Synthetic hormone used in contraceptives and HRT produces negative effects in monkey studies
9. Gene at root of urban air pollutions lung effects
10. Nonalcoholic beverages may impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol
11. In male monkeys, too much soy has adverse effects

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: the effects prenatal exposure alcohol differ culture

(Date:5/29/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/2w6zgs/facial ) has ... Market by Solution, by Software, by Hardware, by ... report to their offering. The last ... more efficient and cost effective. This has helped ... the commercial sector. The development of 3D facial ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... , May 28, 2015 Industry ... of a new report titled "Markets for Self-Healing ... polymers, inorganic capsule and vascular systems, biomaterials, relevant ... grow to around $2.7 billion by 2020. ... n-tech,s extensive coverage of smart materials. Other recent n-tech ...
(Date:5/27/2015)... , May 27, 2015   ... medication safety systems and image documentation solutions ... of comprehensive, technologically-advanced automation solutions, is pleased ... integration. The Codonics® Safe Label System® (SLS), ... in conjunction with the Omnicell Anesthesia Workstation, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global advanced Facial Recognition Market Expected to Grow From $2.77 Billion in 2015 to $6.19 Billion in 2020, at an Estimated CAGR of 17.4% 2The Market for Self-Healing Materials to Reach $2.7 Billion by 2020 Says New n-tech Research Study 2The Market for Self-Healing Materials to Reach $2.7 Billion by 2020 Says New n-tech Research Study 3Codonics and Omnicell Expand Partnership 2Codonics and Omnicell Expand Partnership 3Codonics and Omnicell Expand Partnership 4
(Date:5/28/2015)... 28, 2015 Research ... addition of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new report  "Alzheimer ...  to their offering.       (Logo: ... challenge in management. With nearly 8 million ... major markets of the world and anticipated ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... 2015 Research ... the addition of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new ... and Companies"  to their offering.  ,     ... and evaluates animal biotechnology and its ... as well as improvement in food ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... 27, 2015 Research and Markets( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/6cg3zw/cell_therapy ... new report "Cell Therapy - Technologies, Markets ... This report describes and evaluates cell therapy technologies ... an important role in the practice of medicine. ... fashioned bone marrow transplants. Role of cells in ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... , May 28, 2015 Celsion Corporation ... it has received commitments from two institutional healthcare investors ... the Company,s common stock in an at-the-market registered direct ... purchase common stock. The Company entered into ... which the Company agreed to sell an aggregate of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Alzheimer Disease Report 2015-2024 - New Drugs, Markets and Companies 2Global Alzheimer Disease Report 2015-2024 - New Drugs, Markets and Companies 3Global Animal Biotechnology Report 2015 - Technologies, Markets and Companies Analysis to 2024 2Global Animal Biotechnology Report 2015 - Technologies, Markets and Companies Analysis to 2024 3Global Cell Therapy Market 2015-2020 - Technologies, Markets and Companies 2Celsion Corporation Announces $8 Million At-The-Market Registered Direct Offering 2Celsion Corporation Announces $8 Million At-The-Market Registered Direct Offering 3
Cached News: