HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Do the effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol differ by culture?

  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder.
  • Most studies of FAS have been conducted in western countries and cultures.
  • A first-of-its-kind study has examined FAS children in a South African community.
  • "Cultural context" may have little influence on the damaging effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol.

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) comprises a number of birth defects that occur as a result of in utero exposure to alcohol. Researchers have established that the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure may vary according to the quantity and frequency of exposure, genetic factors, and postnatal environment. An important component of a child's environment is its culture. In fact, cultural variances have been shown to influence a range of cognitive abilities, including memory, problem solving, language, and visual perception. Examining a group of children with FAS in a South African community, a study in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research is the first to systematically investigate if the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure vary as a function of culture.

"After fetal alcohol syndrome became recognized as a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder," said Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku (Kodi), research assistant professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico and co-author of the study, "North American and European physicians were trained to diagnose it. Furthermore, many studies of prevalence, cognitive and behavioral characteristics, and biological mechanisms of this disorder have been funded, specifically in the United States. However, even though FAS has been highly prevalent in non-western countries such as Russia and South Africa, it was not recognized as a problem until recently, partly because of sociopolitical climates."

"Studies of other kinds of neurodevelopmental disabilities," added Dan
'"/>

Contact: Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku, Ph.D.
kodpw@unm.edu
505-768-0144
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
15-Apr-2001


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. 9/11 search-and-rescue dogs exhibit few effects from exposure to disaster sites
2. Long-term effects of carbon monoxide poisoning are an autoimmune reaction
3. Marathoning mice could have Olympian effects on obesity
4. Iron can have negative side effects on people with kidney disease
5. Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects
6. Manipulating biotope space can enhance beneficial biodiversity effects
7. The Mediterranean connection: ecological effects of El Nio in the Northern hemisphere
8. Synthetic hormone used in contraceptives and HRT produces negative effects in monkey studies
9. Gene at root of urban air pollutions lung effects
10. Nonalcoholic beverages may impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol
11. In male monkeys, too much soy has adverse effects

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: the effects prenatal exposure alcohol differ culture

(Date:6/25/2015)... 25, 2015  Imagine a tool specifically designed to ... happier life. That,s exactly what USANA,s True Health ... cutting-edge, portable health program provides a personalized approached to ... improve your lifestyle and nutrition. At ... Wednesday night, USANA,s THA was honored with the Industry ...
(Date:6/24/2015)... June 22, 2015 ... addition of the "Huawei Ascend Mate 7 ... to their offering. Huawei,s technological choice ... opposite direction than Apple,s and Samsung,s one. The ... developed by Fingerprint Cards, a main actor in ...
(Date:6/23/2015)... , June 23, 2015  Crossmatch™, a ... authentication solutions, today announced enhanced functionality of its ... solution.  The enhancements build on the native ... DigitalPersona Altus platform and provide expanded mobile ... In today,s environment of increasing cyber-attacks ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):@USANAinc's Personalized Nutrition Program Wins Industry Innovation Award 2Huawei Ascend Mate 7 Fingerprint Sensor - Reverse Costing Analysis 2Crossmatch Releases Enhanced DigitalPersona Altus Advanced Authentication Functionality 2
(Date:7/1/2015)... , July 1, 2015 InferMed ... technology will ... evidence-based clinical s olutions suite   ... and medical information products and services, announced today the acquisition ... decision support (CDS) technology company. InferMed,s Arezzo technology ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... July 1, 2015 R-Japan Co.,Ltd. obtained the license ... of Regenerative Medicine from the Ministry of Health, Labour and ... 2015. The fact that R- Japan ... the auditing from Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) on ... it to provide stem cell manufacturing service to medical institutions. ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... WASHINGTON , June 30, 2015  NASA astronaut ... launch next month on his first mission to the ... interviews from 8 to 9 a.m. EDT Tuesday, July 7. ... Center in Star City, Russia . The ... on NASA Television highlighting his mission training. To ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... ... June 30, 2015 , ... ... does not sacrifice selectivity to achieve faster flow rates in comparison to nylon ... with significant open space to allow easy liquid flow while trapping particulates as ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 2Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 3Elsevier Acquires InferMed, Provider of Clinical Decision Support Technology 4R-Japan Obtained Autologous Stem Cell Manufacturing License from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare 2NASA Astronaut Preps for First Space Station Mission, Available for Media Interviews 2New Nanofiber Membrane Provides Fast, Efficient Filtration 2
Cached News: