HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Do the effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol differ by culture?

  • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder.
  • Most studies of FAS have been conducted in western countries and cultures.
  • A first-of-its-kind study has examined FAS children in a South African community.
  • "Cultural context" may have little influence on the damaging effects of prenatal exposure to alcohol.

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) comprises a number of birth defects that occur as a result of in utero exposure to alcohol. Researchers have established that the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure may vary according to the quantity and frequency of exposure, genetic factors, and postnatal environment. An important component of a child's environment is its culture. In fact, cultural variances have been shown to influence a range of cognitive abilities, including memory, problem solving, language, and visual perception. Examining a group of children with FAS in a South African community, a study in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research is the first to systematically investigate if the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure vary as a function of culture.

"After fetal alcohol syndrome became recognized as a preventable neurodevelopmental disorder," said Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku (Kodi), research assistant professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico and co-author of the study, "North American and European physicians were trained to diagnose it. Furthermore, many studies of prevalence, cognitive and behavioral characteristics, and biological mechanisms of this disorder have been funded, specifically in the United States. However, even though FAS has been highly prevalent in non-western countries such as Russia and South Africa, it was not recognized as a problem until recently, partly because of sociopolitical climates."

"Studies of other kinds of neurodevelopmental disabilities," added Dan
'"/>

Contact: Piyadasa W. Kodituwakku, Ph.D.
kodpw@unm.edu
505-768-0144
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
15-Apr-2001


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. 9/11 search-and-rescue dogs exhibit few effects from exposure to disaster sites
2. Long-term effects of carbon monoxide poisoning are an autoimmune reaction
3. Marathoning mice could have Olympian effects on obesity
4. Iron can have negative side effects on people with kidney disease
5. Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects
6. Manipulating biotope space can enhance beneficial biodiversity effects
7. The Mediterranean connection: ecological effects of El Nio in the Northern hemisphere
8. Synthetic hormone used in contraceptives and HRT produces negative effects in monkey studies
9. Gene at root of urban air pollutions lung effects
10. Nonalcoholic beverages may impart cardiovascular benefits without the negative effects of alcohol
11. In male monkeys, too much soy has adverse effects

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/27/2018)... ... November 27, 2018 , ... ... have worked together to integrate the LabArchives Classroom Edition with Current Protocols Essential ... will be available beginning January of 2019. , The integration of ...
(Date:11/20/2018)... (PRWEB) , ... November 19, 2018 , ... ... by Applications (academic research tools, drug development, agriculture, human clinical therapeutics, and animal ... breeding products), by Technology (drug compound and target screening, and agriculture and industrial ...
(Date:11/20/2018)... ... November 20, 2018 , ... Like many large breed dogs, Jack, a ... was a year old, his mom, Rebecca, noticed he was slow to get up ... veterinarian and her suspicions were confirmed: Jack had bilateral hip dysplasia, a congenital condition ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/6/2018)... ... November 06, 2018 , ... Crucial ... trial data collection and management. TrialKit ™, an eClinical platform, has incorporated ... can quickly and easily sign in to the app via facial recognition or ...
(Date:11/5/2018)... ... November 05, 2018 , ... GlycoMark, Inc., ... healthcare professionals through its website, http://www.glycomark.com , as part of National Diabetes ... video option via the website in November from 9 a.m. – 5 p.m. ...
(Date:11/3/2018)... (PRWEB) , ... November 01, 2018 , ... Triangle Insights ... Inc. Magazine as one of the fastest-growing private companies in the United States, appearing ... 5000 list ranks private companies based on percentage revenue growth over the previous three ...
(Date:10/31/2018)... ... ... young Labrador retriever. Like most labs, Pippa is energetic, crazy, and fun-loving. When ... in her right knee. According to her mom, Kinsley, Pippa was limping constantly and ... heart to see Pippa lie around in pain because it hurt too much to play. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: