HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Drinking during pregnancy has yet another consequence: premature delivery

w birth weight. Low-birthweight infants (weighing about 5.5 pounds) are at higher risk of death or long-term illness and disability (such as respiratory illnesses, impaired postnatal growth and neurodevelopmental problems) than are infants of normal birthweight. The poor performance of the United States in the international ranking of infant mortality rates is mainly due to high rates of premature birth and associated low birth weight, according to the December 1995 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. These rates have changed little during the past 50 years and may even be on the rise. In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, preterm births in 1995 increased among white mothers but declined among black mothers to the lowest level since the mid-1980s. In general, however, black women remain almost twice as likely to have a preterm birth as white women do.

Aside from the health consequences of premature delivery, there are also significant economic costs. "Prematurity is the most common cause of admissions into the neonatal intensive care unit," said Dr. Sokol. "Neonates spend tremendous lengths of time in neonatal intensive care units, and these costs add up to a very big hit on the national cost of healthcare."

Cook's study of pregnant mice looked closely at the relationship between alcohol and two factors involved in pregnancy and the process of labor; one is the hormone progesterone and the other is a hormone-like factor called prostaglandin F2a. Researchers already knew that decreased levels of progesterone as well as increased levels of prostaglandins could induce preterm birth in animals. Researchers discovered that alcohol could decrease progesterone and increase prostaglandins. However, Cook and her colleagues also wanted to see what role a recently identified enzyme called prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) might play in alcohol-induced preterm labor.

Cook explained that "if we see t
'"/>

Contact: Jocelynn L. Cook, Ph.D.
jlc21@gpu.srv.ualberta.ca
780-492-2727
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
13-Nov-1999


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Drinking concord grape juice may reduce blood pressure in hypertensive men
2. Drinking water can help your diet
3. Drinking through your pelvic region?
4. Drinking wine, particularly white wine, may help keep lungs healthy, UB study finds
5. Drinking Water from Forests and Grasslands: A Synthesis of the Scientific Literature
6. Drinking during pregnancy: American Indians and African Americans
7. New Method For Destroying Potentially Deadly Toxins In Drinking Water
8. Aluminium Study Puts Drinking Water In The Clear
9. Banking On Safer Drinking Water
10. Penn State Process Removes Rocket Fuel Ingredient From Drinking Water
11. Scientists Seek Early Warning Of Drinking Water Threats

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:9/3/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... September 03, 2020 , ... ... world data, today announced that an extensive third-party assessment of the company’s security ... compliant when measured against federal security regulations. The comprehensive evaluation reviewed Litmus’ processes ...
(Date:8/26/2020)... ... August 25, 2020 , ... ... in partnership with Essex Bio-Technology, a bio-pharmaceutical company specializing in Ophthalmology and ... study of SkQ1 ophthalmic solution in patients with moderate to severe Dry ...
(Date:8/26/2020)... ... , ... Modality Solutions, a biopharmaceutical cold chain validation engineering firm, ... list is the most prestigious ranking of the nation’s fastest-growing private companies. Modality Solutions ... reported three-year revenue growth of 71 percent. , The Inc. 5000 list represents ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... July 16, 2020 , ... After research model surgery and ... a great surgery is only the beginning of a successful study, while protecting and ... Join Brad Gien, Global Head of Surgery from Envigo in a ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 08, 2020 , ... Bode Technology, a ... laboratory operations through its COVID-19 testing service, Bode-CARES . Bode-CARES combines high-volume ... Bode-CARES provides a turnkey solution that includes a comprehensive collection and virus-management ...
(Date:7/7/2020)... ... 06, 2020 , ... R3 International is now offering stem cell therapy for ... cells. Depending on the patient's condition, treatment may be offered IV, intrathecal or with ... form of Alzheimers dementia, and the incidence continues to increase as individuals live longer. ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... ... June 30, 2020 , ... ... today announced that the launch of a new clinical diagnostics immuno-oncology ... the tumor microenvironment (TME). , “Flagship’s TissueInsight is a service that aids ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: