HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Ecological Consequences Of Jasmonate-Induced Responses For Plants In Native Populations

cotine, increases after herbivore attack in the native, post-fire annual, Nicotiana attenuata, and is internally activated by the wound-hormone, jasmonic acid. The roots of plants were treated with the methyl ester of this hormone (methyl jasmonate; 500g suspended in 10 ml water, while control members of the pair were treated with 10 ml water) to elicit a response in one member of each of 745 matched pairs of plants growing in native populations in southwestern Utah (USA) with different probabilities of attack from herbivores (primarily rabbits and the larvae of the tobacco specialist, Manduca sexta).The lifetime production of viable seed was measured from all plants to determine the fitness consequences of jasmonate induction.

The results strongly support the cost-benefit model for inducible defenses. Jasmonate treatment significantly increased nicotine concentrations in the leaves of treated plants 22-54% above those of their control, water-treated counterparts. In populations where plants were being heavily attacked (populations IIA, B), nicotine concentrations of leaves from control plants were comparable to those of unattacked jasmonate-induced plants from the other populations, but the effect of jasmonate treatment was retained; clearly, the jasmonate treatment had not saturated the plants' nicotine response. How do these changes affect plant fitness as estimated by their lifetime viable seed production? The answer depends critically on the plant's environment, particularly, the likelihood of herbivore attack.

For plants in environments with high herbivory (the 2-year-old burns, populations IIA, B), the benefit of jasmonate-treatments could be readily seen. For example, in population IIA, 10 days after the treatment, 33% of the control plants had lost more than 40% of their leaf area to herbivores,
'"/>

Contact: Ian T. Baldwin
Baldwin@ice.mpg.de
49-3641-6436-59
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
9-Jul-1998


Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Related biology news :

1. Ecological science for a crowded planet
2. Ecological success?
3. Ecological Society of America 88th annual meeting
4. Ecological effects of climate change include human epidemics
5. Ecological significance of tool-use in the woodpecker finch Cactospiza pallida
6. Ecological risks of GMOs come in unexpected ways, model shows
7. Energy departments Idaho lab teams with Russia to establish Ecological Biotrade facility
8. Ecological trends of food availability yield clues to Americans weight problem
9. The Geometry of Ecological Interactions: Simplifying Spatial Complexity
10. Ecological Society of America and the British Ecological Society to meet
11. Colorado State scientist is Ecological Society of America president

Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/24/2015)... 22, 2015 Research ... of the "Huawei Ascend Mate 7 Fingerprint ... their offering. Huawei,s technological choice for ... direction than Apple,s and Samsung,s one. The Ascend ... by Fingerprint Cards, a main actor in capacitive ...
(Date:6/23/2015)... MINNETONKA, Minn. , June 23, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... technology company that supports the entire spectrum of ... iMedNet ™ , the company,s ... has been awarded a Silver 2015 Stevie® Award ... the Health Products & Services Website category.  The ...
(Date:6/23/2015)... , June 23, 2015   Valencell, ... announced the results of a recent study that ... on the wrist during activity. In a study ... was compared along with the Apple Watch against ... measuring heart rate during activity. The study demonstrated ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Huawei Ascend Mate 7 Fingerprint Sensor - Reverse Costing Analysis 2MedNet Solutions' iMedNet eClinical Wins Silver Stevie Award 2Valencell Delivers Breakthrough Heart Rate Accuracy on the Wrist 2Valencell Delivers Breakthrough Heart Rate Accuracy on the Wrist 3
(Date:7/1/2015)... ... ... Apex Therapeutics announced today that company CEO, David Broecker provided a company ... presentation took place on Tuesday, June 16 and provided an update on the achievement ... treatment of pancreatic cancer. A copy of the company overview can be found ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... , ... June 30, 2015 , ... ... 12 to take part in the first half of “Integrative Biotechnology,” an applied ... partnership established in summer 2014, this course combines students from both universities and ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... , June 30, 2015  Juniper Pharmaceuticals, ... focused on developing therapeutics that address unmet medical ... George Elston will present at the ... Wednesday, July 8, 2015Time: , 4:45 PM EDTLocation: ... (live & archive): , www.juniperpharma.com, under  ,Investor, ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... , ... June 30, 2015 , ... ... to the federal government, announced in a paper published this week in the ... potential problem with the diagnostic techniques currently used to detect the Ebola virus. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Apex Therapeutics Presented Company Overview at This Year’s BIO International Convention in Philadelphia, PA 2Rivier University and Beijing City University Academic and Cultural Exchanges Begin 2Juniper Pharmaceuticals to Present at Cantor Fitzgerald Inaugural Healthcare Conference on July 8, 2015 2Noblis and Government Scientists Identify New Genomic Signatures of Ebola Using Whole Genomic Sequencing and Innovative BioVelocity Analytics Tool 2Noblis and Government Scientists Identify New Genomic Signatures of Ebola Using Whole Genomic Sequencing and Innovative BioVelocity Analytics Tool 3Noblis and Government Scientists Identify New Genomic Signatures of Ebola Using Whole Genomic Sequencing and Innovative BioVelocity Analytics Tool 4
Cached News: