HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Emory researchers discover novel mechanism of how anthrax impairs immunity

ATLANTA In the first study of its kind, researchers led by Bali Pulendran, PhD, at the Emory Vaccine Center and the Yerkes National Primate Research Center have shown that anthrax lethal factor (LF) impairs the function of dendritic cells and thereby compromises the immune system's ability to fight the microbe. The findings, which appear in the July 17 issue of Nature, have implications for developing more effective anthrax therapies and guiding researchers in better controlling detrimental immune responses, such as in autoimmune diseases and organ rejection following transplant surgeries.

For his study, Dr. Pulendran, associate professor in the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at Emory University School of Medicine, and Anshu Agrawal, PhD, a post-doctoral fellow in his lab, in collaboration with Conrad Quinn, PhD, and Jai Lingappa, MD, at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Steve Leppla, PhD, at the National Institutes of Health, chose to study dendritic cells versus the previously studied macrophages. Dendritic cells are widely recognized as the most efficient antigen-presenting cells, making them pivotal in initiating and modulating any immune response against microbes.

"This is the first study that demonstrates any interaction between Bacillus anthracis and dendritic cells, " says Dr. Pulendran. "Our findings reveal a novel mechanism of action by which the microbe targets the host-immune reaction."

In the study, Dr. Pulendran's research team demonstrated that LF impairs dendritic cell function by disrupting the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase enzymes within dendritic cells. Consequently, the dendritic cells become lethargic and unable to act normally, thereby preventing the activation of the immune system to attack microbes such as anthrax.

"When a person is infected with a microbe, we count on the immune system to begin fighting the foreign substance immediately," Dr. Pulendran commented. "When the d
'"/>

Contact: Lisa Newbern
lmnewbe@emory.edu
404-727-7709
Emory University Health Sciences Center
16-Jul-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Emory researchers map structure of anti-cancer molecule
2. Hope Clinic of Emory Vaccine Center receives CDC contract
3. Emory scientists receive NIH MIDAS grant for computer modeling of infectious diseases
4. Emory researchers develop model to track the evolution of emerging infectious diseases
5. Emory scientists use enzymes to enhance regeneration of damaged peripheral nerves in mice
6. Emory scientists track down immune sentinel cells with gene gun
7. Emory scientists find anti-tumor compounds in magnolia cones
8. Emorys CancerQuest wins top Web award from Scientific American
9. Emory University researchers uncover novel self-assembly of Alzheimers amyloid fibrils
10. Emory Vaccine Research Center study identifies specific gene required for long-term immunity
11. Emory to receive more than $6.5 million to study environmental risk factors for Parkinsons disease

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:7/4/2020)... , ... July 03, 2020 , ... ... to earn outstanding recognition and multiple awards for not only the products and ... portfolio, SoME® Skincare and Vivace® Microneedle RF. All the brands built by ABM ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... July 01, 2020 , ... ... building awareness and solutions for glioblastoma—the most common and aggressive adult brain cancer—announced ... Haile, JD, PhD. Senior Fellows are charged with supporting the organization’s initiatives and ...
(Date:6/23/2020)... Md. (PRWEB) , ... June ... ... leading provider of gene-to-protein and monoclonal antibody development services, today announced that ... protein-based products and services to the pharmaceutical, diagnostics, and research industries. The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2020)... Mass. (PRWEB) , ... July 29, 2020 , ... ... highly reliable, solid-state radar transmitter systems that can be configured to drive Klystrons, ... single controller that can drive one or two switches in a push-pull configuration; ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 30, 2020 , ... ... sciences industry, today announced the release of its signature product called Beacon ... Liaisons (MSLs) and other field medical professionals. , Beacon helps MSLs ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... July 17, 2020 , ... dicentra , ... sciences and food industries, is pleased to announce that Charles Galea has joined ... Development. , Charles is an accomplished and results-driven sales executive with over 10 ...
(Date:7/7/2020)... ... ... R3 International is now offering stem cell therapy for Alzheimers dementia in ... the patient's condition, treatment may be offered IV, intrathecal or with a combination. , ... dementia, and the incidence continues to increase as individuals live longer. There is no ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: