HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Energy-restricted diets shown to be best for improving lipid profiles

Dietary fat has been strongly implicated in Western cultures as a factor that contributes to high rates of heart disease. In a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Raeini-Sarjaz et al. investigated whether fat restriction differed from energy restriction in its effect on circulating concentrations of serum lipids. Overall, plasma lipid profiles differed after diets based on reductions in fat, energy or both. The authors conclude that the energy-restricted diet offered the most positive alteration of lipid profiles through favorable changes in HDL-cholesterol, triacylglycerol concentrations, and HDL:LDL ratios.

Eleven healthy nonobese men aged 40-60 years were studied at McGill University, Montreal. All had elevated LDL cholesterol and triacylglycerol levels and a family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In a crossover design, the men consumed 4 different diets for 4 weeks each: 1) a typical Western diet without fat or calorie restriction, 2) a low-fat diet with no restriction of calories, 3) a low-fat and calorie-restricted diet, and 4) a low-calorie diet with no fat restriction. Body weight decreased with all of the diets, and the greatest loss (3.6 kg average) resulted from 4), the low-calorie diet without fat restriction. The diets low in fat and low in both energy and fat resulted in similar reductions in LDL-cholesterol. However, the low-fat diet elevated triacylglycerols and suppressed HDL-cholesterol when compared to the other diets. Of all the diets, the energy-restricted diet had the most beneficial effects on serum lipids by lowering triacylglycerol concentrations and elevating HDL cholesterol more than the other diets, and by producing the greatest improvement in HDL:LDL ratios. The authors suggest that current recommendations calling for low-fat diets to reduce CVD risk should be reconsidered, with more focus being directed to reductions in energy intake for individuals with excess body weight.

An
'"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Horowitz
horowitz@ascn.faseb.org
301-571-5727
University of California - Davis
21-Jan-2001


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Scientists raise awareness of need for sound science in age of fad diets
2. Two studies weigh in on low-carb diets
3. Inflammation blocks impact of heart healthy diets for some
4. Stanford researchers review efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets
5. Research sheds light on why protein-rich diets aid weight loss
6. Low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets increase risk of kidney stones and may raise bone loss risk
7. Researchers uncover biochemical connection between high-fat diets and increased colon-cancer risk
8. High protein diets cause dehydration, even in trained atheletes
9. Cave men diets offer insights to todays health problems, study shows
10. Designer diets: ACS symposium will explore relationships between diet and genes, August 28-29
11. Higher fat diets show same positive effects on LDLs as low fat diet

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Energy restricted diets shown best for improving lipid profiles

(Date:12/17/2014)... Va. , Dec. 15, 2014 The Defense ... easier to detect and prevent counterfeit microcircuits from entering ... started performing an in-house microcircuit anti-counterfeit initiative dubbed DNA ... microcircuits while increasing their reliability throughout the supply chain. ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Dec. 16, 2014 Valencell, a leader in performance ... technology to industry leaders such as Intel, Jabra, Atlas, ... biometric wearable products. These products will be showcased at ... Las Vegas . "Our partners ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... DENVER , Dec. 16, 2014  Automation is fundamentally ... evident than at international borders. Over the past decade, ... veteran travelers to self process through border control via ... increasing number of airports, seaports, and land borders across ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 3Valencell PerformTek Biometrics Power the Most Accurate Wearables at CES 2015 2Automated Border Control (ABC) Transforms the Global Travel Experience With More Than 2500 ABC eGates and APC Kiosks Deployed In Airports, Seaports, and Land Borders Worldwide 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... January 22, 2015 The laboratory information ... has witnessed a number of technological advancements due to ... requirements, growing need to integrate healthcare systems, and increasing ... challenges in system integration. Key players in the market ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Pipette.com has added the Eppendorf Centrifuge ... of Eppendorf products. , The Eppendorf Centrifuge 5424/5424 R ... R and receive the following:, ,     Free ... Eppendorf Reference 2 ,     3 Free boxes ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Controlled Substance Compliance Services (CSCS), a project managed ... legal requirements around using controlled substances in pharmaceutical research, ... their international operations expand and become increasingly complex, large ... a result of the first phase of the CSCS ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22 de enero de 2015  El Dr. Paul ... llamada a nominaciones para 2015. Este prestigioso premio reconoce ... tiene el potencial para hacer, contribuciones destacadas para la ... hasta el 15 de marzo de 2015 a través ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Laboratory Information Management Systems Market is Expected to Reach $1,323.6 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Laboratory Information Management Systems Market is Expected to Reach $1,323.6 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Laboratory Information Management Systems Market is Expected to Reach $1,323.6 Million by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Eppendorf Announces Promotional Bundle Which Includes: Eppendorf Centrifuge 5424, 3-Pack of Pipettes, and Tips - Available Now at Pipette.com 2Global Compliance Service for Controlled Substances to Expand to China 2El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 2El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 3El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 4
Cached News: