HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Enzyme discovery to benefit homeland security, industry

RICHLAND, Wash. - Scientists at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have successfully immobilized enzymes while simultaneously enhancing their activity and stability, opening up new possibilities for using tailored nanoporous materials. The findings, reported in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Chemical Society (available online Aug. 28), could enable the development of novel sensor and decontamination systems for homeland security, environmental protection and energy generation as well as new industrial chemicals and separations.

"For decades, scientists have been searching for ways to immobilize soluble enzymes with a variety of solid materials. But the results have been disappointing because only small amounts of the immobilized enzymes show any biological activity," said Eric Ackerman, PNNL molecular biologist. "For the first time, we have immobilized an enzyme at high concentrations in a way that actually enhances its stability and activity."

In lab tests, PNNL scientists nearly doubled the activity levels of an enzyme called organophosphorus hydrolase, known for its potential for biosensing and decontaminating poisonous agents.

"By using different highly active and stable immobilized enzymes, we could potentially make enzymatic systems to inactivate certain chemicals or bioweapons, thus serving as a protective barrier in air filtration systems," said Ackerman.

Fabrication of a more stable and active enzyme delivery method could potentially benefit other industries as well. For example, food processing companies use natural enzymes to produce items such as cheese, beer and soft drinks, while the biomedical industry uses them to manufacture drugs. Enzymes, which are proteins found in all organisms from humans to viruses, function as catalysts. Increasing an enzyme's activity - while enhancing enzyme stability - could facilitate more efficient chemical processes.

To achieve enhanced
'"/>

Contact: Staci Maloof
staci.maloof@pnl.gov
509-372-6313
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
12-Sep-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Enzyme maintaining chromosome ends is linked to bone cancer recurrence, decreased survival
2. Enzyme activation appears key in helping internal clock tell night from day
3. Enzyme fully degrades mad cow disease prion
4. Enzyme revealed that is key to funguss ability to breach immune system
5. Enzyme discovery sheds light on causes of rare disease, cancer
6. Enzyme could overcome industrial bleaching waste problems
7. Enzyme controls good cholesterol
8. Enzyme could aid cancer fight
9. Enzyme once thought harmful to Alzheimers patients now appears key to future treatment
10. Enzyme mimetic reduces tissue damage in colitis animal study
11. Enzyme studies at Brookhaven Lab may lead to new antiviral agents

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Enzyme discovery benefit homeland security industry

(Date:11/4/2014)... Fla. (November 4, 2014) — Think about the way ... How do neighboring cells know that they are supposed ... how do these tissues find the correct place and ... answering these crucial questions. , In a new study, ... to communicate with their surrounding neighbors, at the head-trunk ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... (Nov. 4, 2014) – A majority of Madagascar,s 101 ... could have serious consequences for the rainforests they call ... the positive impacts lemurs can have on rainforest tree ... disappearance could have on the region,s rich biodiversity. , ... fruits eaten by lemurs. Lemurs in turn disperse ...
(Date:11/3/2014)... Colorado Cancer Center study published in this ... describes the activity of a recently discovered communication ... IL-37. It has been known to limit inflammation and ... immune system: IL-37 inhibits the ability of the immune ... this mechanism that underlies IL-37,s effect on the immune ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The inside story: How the brain and skull stay together 2Gardeners of Madagascar rainforest at risk 2Gardeners of Madagascar rainforest at risk 3PNAS: From HIV to cancer, IL-37 regulates immune system 2
(Date:11/21/2014)... BlueInGreen, LLC ( BlueInGreen® ) and ... PCI, Inc., leading suppliers of ozone process technology ... to provide a new state-of-the-art ozone system for ... Wastewater Treatment. The new ozone disinfection system ... dissolution technology, Pinnacle Ozone’s industry leading Zenith™ ozone ...
(Date:11/21/2014)... Nov. 20, 2014 /CNW/ - Aequus Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... that it has closed a brokered private placement ... approximately C$3.7 million.  Cormark Securities Inc. and Clarus ... Brokered Offering for a syndicate of agents that ... Corp. (collectively the "Agents"). Concurrently with the Brokered ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... (PRWEB) November 17, 2014 ... open architecture blade-based and rackmount computing infrastructure, today ... K80 dual-GPU accelerator throughout its GPU-enabled blade server ... of the company’s latest proprietary 80-lane Gen3 PCIe ... discrete NVIDIA Tesla K80 dual-GPU accelerator cards in ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... (PRWEB) November 18, 2014 Brothers Josh ... the launch of PAWSitively Curing Cancer, Inc . ... new 501(c) (3) non-profit organization is dedicated to raising ... goes directly to the University of Florida College ... with PAWSitively Curing Cancer as the recipient of this ...
Breaking Biology Technology:City of Fayetteville Leads Nation with Innovative Ozone Technology 2City of Fayetteville Leads Nation with Innovative Ozone Technology 3City of Fayetteville Leads Nation with Innovative Ozone Technology 4Aequus Pharmaceuticals closes $4.2 million private placement financing 2Aequus Pharmaceuticals closes $4.2 million private placement financing 3Cirrascale® Expands Multi-GPU Peering Solutions with Support for New NVIDIA Tesla K80 Dual-GPU Accelerators 2Cirrascale® Expands Multi-GPU Peering Solutions with Support for New NVIDIA Tesla K80 Dual-GPU Accelerators 3PAWSitively Curing Cancer, Inc. Launched By Two Children for National Pet Cancer Awareness Month 2PAWSitively Curing Cancer, Inc. Launched By Two Children for National Pet Cancer Awareness Month 3
Cached News: