HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Enzyme fully degrades mad cow disease prion

Research by North Carolina State University scientists, in conjunction with scientists from the Netherlands and BioResource International, an NC State spin-off biotechnology company, has shown that, under proper conditions, an enzyme can fully degrade the prion or protein particle believed to be responsible for mad cow disease and other related animal and human diseases.

These transmissible prions believed to be the cause of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), the technical name for mad cow disease, as well as the human and sheep versions, called Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and scrapie, respectively are highly resistant to degradation, says Dr. Jason Shih, professor of biotechnology and poultry science at NC State. But the new research, which tested the effects of a bacterial enzyme keratinase on brain tissues from cows with BSE and sheep with scrapie, showed that, when the tissue was pretreated and in the presence of a detergent, the enzyme fully degraded the prion, rendering it undetectable.

The research was published in the Dec. 1 edition of The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Shih's colleagues in the research study included first author Jan Langeveld, Dick Van de Wiel, Jan Garssen and Alex Bossers from the Central Institute for Animal Disease Control in Lelystad, The Netherlands; and Giles Shih and Jeng-Jie Wang from BioResource International, which is located on NC State's Centennial Campus.

The researchers now plan another study to test the effectiveness of the enzyme on the treated BSE prions in mice. The two-year study begins in January 2004 and is funded with $190,000 from the National Cattleman's Beef Association.

"Our work has been done in vitro, or in test tubes, and we've reduced the prion to undetectable levels," Jason Shih says. "Our work with mice will show whether these undetectable levels of prion are indeed non-infectious."

Jason Shih will also test keratinase's effectiveness in decontam
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Jason Shih
jason_shih@ncsu.edu
919-515-9921
North Carolina State University
5-Jan-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Enzyme maintaining chromosome ends is linked to bone cancer recurrence, decreased survival
2. Enzyme activation appears key in helping internal clock tell night from day
3. Enzyme revealed that is key to funguss ability to breach immune system
4. Enzyme discovery sheds light on causes of rare disease, cancer
5. Enzyme could overcome industrial bleaching waste problems
6. Enzyme controls good cholesterol
7. Enzyme discovery to benefit homeland security, industry
8. Enzyme could aid cancer fight
9. Enzyme once thought harmful to Alzheimers patients now appears key to future treatment
10. Enzyme mimetic reduces tissue damage in colitis animal study
11. Enzyme studies at Brookhaven Lab may lead to new antiviral agents

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/11/2017)... BROOKLYN, N.Y. , April 11, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... identical fingerprints, but researchers at the New York ... University College of Engineering have found that partial ... fingerprint-based security systems used in mobile phones and ... previously thought. The vulnerability lies in ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... KEY FINDINGS The global market for stem ... 25.76% during the forecast period of 2017-2025. The rise ... growth of the stem cell market. Download ... The global stem cell market is segmented on the ... cell market of the product is segmented into adult ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... NEW YORK , March 30, 2017 ... by type (physiological and behavioral), by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, ... recognition, voice recognition, and others), by end use industry ... travel and immigration, financial and banking, and others), and ... Europe , Asia Pacific ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... The ... context, enabling overexpression experiments and avoiding the use of exogenous expression plasmids. The ... transformative for performing systematic gain-of-function studies. , This complement to loss-of-function studies, ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... it will be hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology is going digital. Is your ... on digital pathology adoption best practices and how Proscia improves lab economics and ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... ... Disappearing forests and increased emissions are the main causes of the evolving ... those living in larger cities are affected by air pollution related diseases. , That ... countries globally - decided to take action. , “I knew I had to take ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... ... San Diego-based team building and cooking events company, Lajollacooks4u, has unveiled a ... new look is part of a transformation to increase awareness, appeal to new markets ... It will also expand its service offering from its signature gourmet cooking classes and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: