HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Evidence links protein damage to Parkinson's

Philadelphia -- New evidence links oxidative damage in a protein found in nerve cells to the development of degenerative diseases of the nervous system, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. The first study to provide this evidence, conducted by University of Pennsylvania researchers, will be published in the November 3 issue of Science.

"The protein, called alpha-synuclein, is one of the building blocks of the brain lesions characteristic in patients with neurodegenerative diseases," says Dr. Virginia Lee, who is the John H. Ware III Professor in Alzheimer Research and co-director of the Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Oxidative damage, she explains, normally occurs when the body's cells are overwhelmed by molecules that have changed because they have combined with nitrogen (nitration) or oxygen (oxidation).

Both types of oxidants damage lipids, nucleic acids, proteins, and other cellular components much like oxidation causes rust damage to metal in cars and buildings. This damage has been implicated in causing neurodegenerative disorders.

"We found that alpha-synuclein itself is a target of oxidative stress, specifically nitration, within these lesions, " says Lee. "This is the first time anybody has identified nitration on a specific protein."

Neurodegenerative diseases -- including Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, diffuse Lewy body disease, and multiple system atrophy -- are collectively called synucleinopathies. Most commonly they become symptomatic due to a deficiency of a specific neurotransmitter -- in the case of Parkinson's it is dopamine. When the neurons that produce these chemicals die or become impaired, which occurs with oxidation, the eventual results are tremors and sometimes dementia.

"Alpha-synuclein is found at the synapses of nerve cells," explains Lee. Earlier studies showed that two mutati
'"/>

Contact: Ellen O'Brien
ellen.obrien@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5659
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
1-Nov-2000


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Evidence builds for potential new cancer drug target
2. Evidence for sympatric speciation by host shift in the sea
3. Evidence for the impact of climate change on deep-sea biodiversity
4. Evidence for fat hormone target in brain
5. Evidence of nanobacterial-like structures found in human calcified arteries and cardiac valves
6. Evidence shows the heart has stem cells able to regenerate muscle tissue lost to disease, wear
7. Evidence for orangutan culture
8. Evidence suggests that standard smallpox vaccine offers long-term immunity
9. Evidence that adults stem cells differentiate like embryonic stem cells published in Nature
10. When Shewanella meets goethite: Evidence found of recognition between animate and inanimate objects
11. Evidence suggests food preservatives may help prevent cavities

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Evidence links protein damage Parkinson

(Date:8/24/2015)... TOWN, South Africa , August 24, 2015 ... Germany ,s largest biometrics manufacturer DERMALOG and ... with the "2015 African Biometrics Company of the Year ... in Nigeria .   -Cross ... and http://www.presseportal.de/nr/8896 - On Thursday evening, ...
(Date:8/20/2015)... , Aug. 20, 2015   Sensory, ... on improving the user experience and security of ... technologies, today announced that its TrulySecure™ ... authentication software to be FIDO Certified™. ... for compliance with the FIDO UAF (Universal Authentication ...
(Date:8/18/2015)... 2015  Navitas today announced that it ... Submission Content Management webinar scheduled on August ... to the Implementation of Regulatory Submission Standards ... industry, vendors, health authorities, consultants and the ... a standard method of implementing electronic submission ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 2Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 3TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified 2TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified 3TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified 4TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified 5Navitas, a Key Contributor in IRISS Forum Webinar 2Navitas, a Key Contributor in IRISS Forum Webinar 3
(Date:8/27/2015)... , Aug. 27, 2015 In response ... FedEx, UPS and The US Postal Service to ... classified as ,select agents, by the CDC, Marken ... handling these sensitive shipments. Marken uses ... regulations, trained and certified personnel to ensure the ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... 26, 2015 , ... MediVet Biologics, a leader in Veterinary ... to open in Manhattan, Kansas in early October, 2015. The location of the ... and development through collaboration with researchers from Kansas State University’s College of Veterinary ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... N.J. , Aug. 26, 2015  Roka Bioscience, ... focused on providing advanced testing solutions for the detection ... CEO will present at the Sidoti & Company Emerging ... conference will be held at the New York Marriott ... presentation will be available through the investor relations section ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... MIAMI , Aug. 26, 2015  The ... at the University of Miami Miller School of ... its clinical trial to test for the first ... was successfully completed.  This FDA approved Phase I/II ... islet transplantation and is an important first step ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Marken Ensures Safe Transportation Of Select Agents And Toxins 2MediVet Biologics Animal Health Secures Additional Laboratory Facility in Manhattan, Kansas 2MediVet Biologics Animal Health Secures Additional Laboratory Facility in Manhattan, Kansas 3Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 2Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 3Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 4
Cached News: