Flexibility In Cutting Toxic Releases Yields Dividends

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Changes in federal regulation giving chemical companies flexibility in deciding how to reduce toxic pollution are producing measurable results, according to researchers at the University of Illinois.

Economists Madhu Khanna and Lisa Damon studied the impact of the 33/50 program started by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1991 to encourage firms to reduce their pollution emissions ­ by 33 percent by 1992 and by 50 percent by 1995. The voluntary program gave companies flexibility to determine how to reduce 17 highly toxic chemicals.

The EPA has since hailed the program as a success based on pollution reductions of 46 percent compared with the level shown in the 1988 Toxic Release Inventory.

In their independent sampling of chemical companies, Khanna and Damon found that the EPA's results were inflated by including pollution reductions that took place between 1988 and 1991 before the voluntary program began.

Nevertheless, sampled participants did reduce their overall releases by 41 percent between 1991 and 1993, and had a significantly better record in pollution reduction than chemical companies not participating in the program. The figures were adjusted to equalize size and other variables between participating and non-participating companies.

Their findings suggest that the new environmental initiatives "have been effective in motivating corporations to undertake self-regulated efforts to improve their environmental performance," Khanna and Damon concluded in a paper published by the U. of I. Program in Environmental and Resource Economics.

Moreover, the 33/50 program led to a positive change in the composition of wastes. "Firms have reduced their on-site releases and increased off-site transfers for recycling, energy recovery and treatment. This change is likely to lower the net risks associated with toxic waste generation."

Looking at the question of costs, the researchers found

Contact: Mark Reutter
(217) 333-0568
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cutting-edge cancer researchers sought for international recognition
2. Cutting back on cigarettes: when less is more
3. AChemS: Cutting edge research in taste, smell, & chemical irritation
4. Cutting edge
5. Cutting-edge research to be presented at ASCPT pharmacology conference
6. Cutting the risk of coronary disease - start before birth says UK doctor
7. Story Tips: Engineering Students Pursue Cutting-Edge Research
8. Brain Building May Depend On DNA Cutting And Pasting
9. Cutting The Time And Cost Of Developing New Cures: Lord Sainsbury Launches Worlds First Biomedical Accelerator Mass Spectrometer In York
10. Gene Shears In Cutting Edge Anti-Aids Trial
11. NIEHS/NTP Director Dr. Kenneth Olden receives Society of Toxicologys Public Communications Award

Post Your Comments:
TAG: Flexibility Cutting Toxic Releases Yields Dividends

(Date:9/10/2015)... 2015 Pursuant Health has collaborated with ... an interactive, image-based health risk assessment (HRA) optimized ... The unique assessment quantifies user results into an ... an individual,s biological age based on personal health ... the kiosk. Comprised of age, gender, ...
(Date:9/8/2015)... , Sept. 8, 2015   TREW Marketing ... new survey, Smart Marketing for Engineers TM : ... engineering professionals reveals insightful findings about engineers, preferences for ... of content engineers most value and trust, and where ... Marketers targeting technical audiences grapple with how to best ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... NEW YORK , Sept. 2, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... a key concern for enterprises, banks, government organizations, ... badges, and numeric keypads were previously being used ... the introduction of two-factor authentication, wherein individuals could ... using two different components, such as hardware devices ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/8/2015)... 2015 Global Biologics and ... and Biosimilars industry . --> Big ... Biosimilars Industry 2015 Deep Market Research Report, Size, ... professional and depth research report on Global ... ) , --> http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20141014/710132 ) , ...
(Date:10/8/2015)... -- The ALS Association, in partnership with Prize4Life, is pleased ... communication technology solutions for people living with ALS. ... lateral sclerosis) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects ... cord. Eventually, people with ALS lose the ability to ... total paralysis and death within two to five years ...
(Date:10/8/2015)... , Oct. 8, 2015  Sigma-Aldrich Corporation (NASDAQ: ... ® brand within its Applied Diagnostics and ... acid reference standards product line with ten certified ... tested bile acids and their stable-labeled internal standards. ... of lithocholic acid, taurocholic acid and native and ...
(Date:10/8/2015)... ... October 08, 2015 , ... Cystic ... transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene and results in dysfunction of the lungs and ... in the lungs. This mucus is very difficult to clear, blocks the airways ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: