HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Flexibility In Cutting Toxic Releases Yields Dividends

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Changes in federal regulation giving chemical companies flexibility in deciding how to reduce toxic pollution are producing measurable results, according to researchers at the University of Illinois.

Economists Madhu Khanna and Lisa Damon studied the impact of the 33/50 program started by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1991 to encourage firms to reduce their pollution emissions ­ by 33 percent by 1992 and by 50 percent by 1995. The voluntary program gave companies flexibility to determine how to reduce 17 highly toxic chemicals.

The EPA has since hailed the program as a success based on pollution reductions of 46 percent compared with the level shown in the 1988 Toxic Release Inventory.

In their independent sampling of chemical companies, Khanna and Damon found that the EPA's results were inflated by including pollution reductions that took place between 1988 and 1991 before the voluntary program began.

Nevertheless, sampled participants did reduce their overall releases by 41 percent between 1991 and 1993, and had a significantly better record in pollution reduction than chemical companies not participating in the program. The figures were adjusted to equalize size and other variables between participating and non-participating companies.

Their findings suggest that the new environmental initiatives "have been effective in motivating corporations to undertake self-regulated efforts to improve their environmental performance," Khanna and Damon concluded in a paper published by the U. of I. Program in Environmental and Resource Economics.

Moreover, the 33/50 program led to a positive change in the composition of wastes. "Firms have reduced their on-site releases and increased off-site transfers for recycling, energy recovery and treatment. This change is likely to lower the net risks associated with toxic waste generation."

Looking at the question of costs, the researchers found
'"/>

Contact: Mark Reutter
mreutter@uiuc.edu
(217) 333-0568
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
4-Sep-1998


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cutting-edge cancer researchers sought for international recognition
2. Cutting back on cigarettes: when less is more
3. AChemS: Cutting edge research in taste, smell, & chemical irritation
4. Cutting edge
5. Cutting-edge research to be presented at ASCPT pharmacology conference
6. Cutting the risk of coronary disease - start before birth says UK doctor
7. Story Tips: Engineering Students Pursue Cutting-Edge Research
8. Brain Building May Depend On DNA Cutting And Pasting
9. Cutting The Time And Cost Of Developing New Cures: Lord Sainsbury Launches Worlds First Biomedical Accelerator Mass Spectrometer In York
10. Gene Shears In Cutting Edge Anti-Aids Trial
11. NIEHS/NTP Director Dr. Kenneth Olden receives Society of Toxicologys Public Communications Award

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/2/2017)... YORK , Feb. 2, 2017  EyeLock LLC, ... released a new white paper " What You Should ... The problem of ensuring user authenticity is a growing ... the authentication of users. However, traditional authentication schemes such ... Biometric authentication offers an elegant solution ...
(Date:1/30/2017)... FRANCISCO , Jan. 30, 2017   Invitae ... the fastest growing genetic information companies, today announced that ... financial results and provide 2017 guidance on Monday, February ... conference call that day at 4:45 p.m. Eastern / ... Invitae,s management team will briefly review financial results, guidance, ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... 2017 Biopharm Reports has carried out ... of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). This involved ... current practices, developments, trends and end-user plans over ... and opportunities. These areas include growth in the ... and innovation requirements, hyphenated NMR techniques, main suppliers ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/16/2017)... LOS ANGELES , Feb. 16, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... CAPR ), a clinical-stage biotechnology company developing first-in-class ... today announced that it has elected to terminate ... to natriuretic peptide receptor agonists, including Cenderitide. ... a strategic move as we prioritize our efforts ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... PALM BEACH, Florida , February 16, 2017 ... vastly improving with the infusion of innovative telemedicine ... patient monitoring services that are experiencing a boom ... evolve with the advancement of technologies, services and ... Technologies Inc. (OTC: RQHTF) (TSX-V: RHT), Cellectar Biosciences, ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... Feb. 16, 2017  Dermata Therapeutics, LLC, a ... treat a variety of dermatological diseases, today announced ... financing and entered into a $5 million credit ... to use the capital for general corporate purposes ... in the treatment of serious diseases treated by ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... , ... February 16, 2017 , ... ... case. Dr. Kingsley Chin, professor and Harvard trained surgeon, completed the procedure on ... performed on a 55-year-old practicing female physician suffering from degenerative disc disease with ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: