HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Flexibility In Cutting Toxic Releases Yields Dividends

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Changes in federal regulation giving chemical companies flexibility in deciding how to reduce toxic pollution are producing measurable results, according to researchers at the University of Illinois.

Economists Madhu Khanna and Lisa Damon studied the impact of the 33/50 program started by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1991 to encourage firms to reduce their pollution emissions ­ by 33 percent by 1992 and by 50 percent by 1995. The voluntary program gave companies flexibility to determine how to reduce 17 highly toxic chemicals.

The EPA has since hailed the program as a success based on pollution reductions of 46 percent compared with the level shown in the 1988 Toxic Release Inventory.

In their independent sampling of chemical companies, Khanna and Damon found that the EPA's results were inflated by including pollution reductions that took place between 1988 and 1991 before the voluntary program began.

Nevertheless, sampled participants did reduce their overall releases by 41 percent between 1991 and 1993, and had a significantly better record in pollution reduction than chemical companies not participating in the program. The figures were adjusted to equalize size and other variables between participating and non-participating companies.

Their findings suggest that the new environmental initiatives "have been effective in motivating corporations to undertake self-regulated efforts to improve their environmental performance," Khanna and Damon concluded in a paper published by the U. of I. Program in Environmental and Resource Economics.

Moreover, the 33/50 program led to a positive change in the composition of wastes. "Firms have reduced their on-site releases and increased off-site transfers for recycling, energy recovery and treatment. This change is likely to lower the net risks associated with toxic waste generation."

Looking at the question of costs, the researchers found
'"/>

Contact: Mark Reutter
mreutter@uiuc.edu
(217) 333-0568
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
4-Sep-1998


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cutting-edge cancer researchers sought for international recognition
2. Cutting back on cigarettes: when less is more
3. AChemS: Cutting edge research in taste, smell, & chemical irritation
4. Cutting edge
5. Cutting-edge research to be presented at ASCPT pharmacology conference
6. Cutting the risk of coronary disease - start before birth says UK doctor
7. Story Tips: Engineering Students Pursue Cutting-Edge Research
8. Brain Building May Depend On DNA Cutting And Pasting
9. Cutting The Time And Cost Of Developing New Cures: Lord Sainsbury Launches Worlds First Biomedical Accelerator Mass Spectrometer In York
10. Gene Shears In Cutting Edge Anti-Aids Trial
11. NIEHS/NTP Director Dr. Kenneth Olden receives Society of Toxicologys Public Communications Award

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/4/2019)... ... ... Harper was three years old when her owners took her to the veterinarian ... in the joints. She was referred to a veterinary specialist to perform “salvage ... Christopher Eich of Southern California Veterinary Specialty Hospital , examined Harper and recommended ...
(Date:5/31/2019)... ... May 29, 2019 , ... ... Windows and mobile, announces the launch of version 13.1. The new version extends ... Management API, and supports Apple’s spring release functionality. Version 13.1 builds on FileWave’s ...
(Date:5/26/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2019 , ... Zolgensma (Novartis, ... as AVXS-101, was approved for clinical use in the United States by the Food ... virally-delivered gene therapy approved to treat inherited genetic disorders in the United States and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/11/2019)... , ... June 11, 2019 , ... ... Personalized Stem Cells Inc. (PSC) , has announced that their GMP facility ... Food and Drug Branch for manufacturing. This is an important milestone for ...
(Date:6/6/2019)... ... 05, 2019 , ... WCCT Global, Inc ., a full-service early phase ... they will be receiving 3 awards at the 2019 CRO Leadership Awards, to be ... the categories of overall Quality and Compatibility (Access to desired markets, cultural fit, timely ...
(Date:5/31/2019)... Redwood City, California (PRWEB) , ... ... ... received allowance of our patent applications from the USPTO providing proprietary interest ... SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SLEEP DISORDER DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT… extends Somnology’s IP ...
(Date:5/31/2019)... ... May 30, 2019 , ... Object ... announce the strategic acquisition of Metabiologics, Inc., a globally recognized leader in the ... ownership and commercialization rights to a full spectrum of botulinum neurotoxins, as well ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: