HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Flexibility In Cutting Toxic Releases Yields Dividends

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Changes in federal regulation giving chemical companies flexibility in deciding how to reduce toxic pollution are producing measurable results, according to researchers at the University of Illinois.

Economists Madhu Khanna and Lisa Damon studied the impact of the 33/50 program started by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1991 to encourage firms to reduce their pollution emissions ­ by 33 percent by 1992 and by 50 percent by 1995. The voluntary program gave companies flexibility to determine how to reduce 17 highly toxic chemicals.

The EPA has since hailed the program as a success based on pollution reductions of 46 percent compared with the level shown in the 1988 Toxic Release Inventory.

In their independent sampling of chemical companies, Khanna and Damon found that the EPA's results were inflated by including pollution reductions that took place between 1988 and 1991 before the voluntary program began.

Nevertheless, sampled participants did reduce their overall releases by 41 percent between 1991 and 1993, and had a significantly better record in pollution reduction than chemical companies not participating in the program. The figures were adjusted to equalize size and other variables between participating and non-participating companies.

Their findings suggest that the new environmental initiatives "have been effective in motivating corporations to undertake self-regulated efforts to improve their environmental performance," Khanna and Damon concluded in a paper published by the U. of I. Program in Environmental and Resource Economics.

Moreover, the 33/50 program led to a positive change in the composition of wastes. "Firms have reduced their on-site releases and increased off-site transfers for recycling, energy recovery and treatment. This change is likely to lower the net risks associated with toxic waste generation."

Looking at the question of costs, the researchers found
'"/>

Contact: Mark Reutter
mreutter@uiuc.edu
(217) 333-0568
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
4-Sep-1998


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cutting-edge cancer researchers sought for international recognition
2. Cutting back on cigarettes: when less is more
3. AChemS: Cutting edge research in taste, smell, & chemical irritation
4. Cutting edge
5. Cutting-edge research to be presented at ASCPT pharmacology conference
6. Cutting the risk of coronary disease - start before birth says UK doctor
7. Story Tips: Engineering Students Pursue Cutting-Edge Research
8. Brain Building May Depend On DNA Cutting And Pasting
9. Cutting The Time And Cost Of Developing New Cures: Lord Sainsbury Launches Worlds First Biomedical Accelerator Mass Spectrometer In York
10. Gene Shears In Cutting Edge Anti-Aids Trial
11. NIEHS/NTP Director Dr. Kenneth Olden receives Society of Toxicologys Public Communications Award

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Flexibility Cutting Toxic Releases Yields Dividends

(Date:10/15/2014)... German Gauß-Allianz has admitted Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz ... Rhineland-Palatinate science hub continues to maintain a significant ... , "The acceptance of Johannes Gutenberg University ... is a milestone in the national and international ... The state of Rhineland-Palatinate can be proud that ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... awarded the 44th Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in ... exploring the mechanisms of genomic instability and its implications ... the second alumnus to win the Rosenstiel Award; the ... , Alt is the Charles A. Janeway Professor of ... and an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... ATHENS, Ohio (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years ... but a team led by Ohio University scientists is ... to model airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has ... not only breathe but to enhance the sense of ... pretty ,nosy, animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 2Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 3Brandeis awards 44th Rosenstiel Award to pioneering geneticist Fred Alt 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3
(Date:10/20/2014)... 2014 OncLive® is ... Center at Thomas Jefferson University has joined its ... Strategic Alliance Partnership program, the Sidney Kimmel Cancer ... raise awareness of the Center’s cutting-edge research programs, ... Clinicians and other health care professionals from the ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... 2014 The Latin American hardware encryption ... Latin America with analysis and forecast of revenue. This ... is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018, at ... Browse through the TOC of the Latin American hardware ... in-depth analysis provided. It also provides a glimpse of ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market report defines and segments ... forecast of revenue. , Browse through the TOC ... get an idea of the in-depth analysis provided. ... in the Asia-Pacific bromine market, and is supported ... http://www.micromarketmonitor.com/market/asia-pacific-bromine-6741503144.html , Bromine is a volatile and ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... (PRWEB) October 19, 2014 The report ... Market Share, Trade, Prices, Geography Trend and Forecast (2011 ... sales category, and geography and studies the major market ... North America, Europe, and Asia. , The global chocolate ... 2010.to $98.3 billion in 2016 at an estimated CAGR ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 2Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 3The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4
Cached News: