Rehovot, Israel -- December 16, 2002 -- A combined effort between scientists at Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Tel Aviv University, and the Weizmann Institute of Science has led to the discovery of a gene responsible for a type of anemia primarily found in a number of Bedouin families, called congenital dyserythropoietic anemia-1 (CDA-1). The findings, published in the December issue of The American Journal for Human Genetics, could lead to effective detection and eventually treatment of the disease. In addition, understanding the role of this gene's protein product in the body could provide important clues to other types of anemia, as well as to the general mechanisms of blood cell formation.
CDA-1 is characterized by a medium to high deficiency in blood production, and in critical cases patients must receive blood transfusions throughout their lifetime. It is a rare disease present worldwide, but the largest vulnerable group is the Negev Desert's Bedouin population, where marriage among relatives is common. The high disease prevalence in this Israeli population was crucial to the identification of the CDA-1 gene.
The study group included 45 Bedouins treated by Dr. Hannah Shalev at the Soroka Medical Center in Beer Sheva. Initially, a team headed by Dr. Hannah Tamary, who works both at Schneider and the Felsenstein Medical Research Center in Tel Aviv University's Faculty of Medicine, narrowed down the search for the gene to a region on a specific chromosome (chromosome15) . To uncover the gene in that region, they then turned to Profs. Doron Lancet and Jacques S. Beckmann of the Crown Human Genome Center at the Weizmann Institute's Molecular Genetics Department. Both teams, after four years of intensive research, discovered and characterized the previously unknown gene, named CDAN1.
Dr. Orly Degani, who works with Tamary, says: "The genomic region within which the gene for CDA-1 was hiding was unusually complex. In somPage: 1 2 Related biology news :1
Contact: Jeffrey J. Sussman
American Committee for the Weizmann Institute of Science
. Scientists discover genetic marker responsible for two-fold increase in risk of rheumatoid arthritis2
. Possible link discovered between gene responsible for blood vessel development and ACD in newborns3
. Study of dyslexic brain finds three word forms responsible for reading success4
. Gene mutation responsible for Chrohns disease inflammation identified in Temple study5
. Researchers identify second gene responsible for rare syndrome associated with skeletal defects6
. Specific gene mutations responsible for congenital heart defects7
. Gene responsible for developmental disorder identified8
. Researchers develop guidelines to establish identity of genes responsible for complex diseases9
. Gene responsible for rewinding bodys clock described by scientists at TSRI10
. Researchers find mechanism responsible for neuronal death in prion diseases11
. Scientists discover genetic defect responsible for microcephaly