HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Gene study determines how humans are related to fruit flies and nematode worms

The most comprehensive genetic study to date concerning the evolutionary relationships among the three animal species whose genes have been completely sequenced--the human, the fruit fly, and the nematode worm--has determined that the human species is more closely related to the fruit fly than to the nematode. "We compared 100 genes that are common among these three species--the largest data set ever used to address this question--and obtained a result that is unambiguous," says S. Blair Hedges, an evolutionary biologist at Penn State, whose research team includes other scientists from Penn State and Japan.

"Cost estimates for acquiring the human genome alone range between 300 million and 3 billion," Hedges comments. "After spending all that money and effort, we now should at least be able to know for sure how these animals are related." These three species, which were singled out for the extensive genome effort, each represent much larger groups of animals: vertebrates are represented by humans, arthropods are represented by the fruit fly, and nematodes are represented by one species of nematode.

The results of the study by Hedges and his colleagues overturn a popular recent hypothesis, based primarily on the study of a single gene, and have important implications for research in fields such as medicine and developmental biology. The study, published in the current edition of the web-based journal BMC Evolutionary Biology, also is expected to impact the content of biology textbooks.

"About five years ago, the journal Nature published an analysis of one gene common to these three species that inexplicably persuaded many scientists to abandon the classic hypothesis of their relationships, which was based on the long-standing method of comparing structural similarities," Hedges says. The new hypothesis, named "Ecdysozoa," argued that fruit flies and nematodes are more closely related to each other than to humans. The classic hypothesis, na
'"/>

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State
22-Apr-2002


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Student science contest participation influences study, career choices, alumni say
2. New study shows hope for treating inhalant abuse
3. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
4. Cigarette smoke causes breaks in DNA and defects to a cells chromosomes, Pitt study finds
5. New study indicates arsenic could be suitable as first-line treatment in type of leukaemia
6. Phase II trials of second-generation antisense cancer drug planned following successful early study
7. Preclinical safety study shows adipose-derived stem cells improve heart function after heart attack
8. Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs
9. K-State, other universities to study how climate affects plant evolution
10. USC study links historical increases in life span to lower childhood exposure to infection
11. Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014 ResearchMoz presents this ... Systems Market 2014-2024   Business Strategies, Industry Trends, and ... Market 2014-2024" offers the reader detailed analysis of ... ten years, alongside potential market opportunities to enter ... To view the table of contents for ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... better decisions about what they eat, the Food and ... to the Nutrition Facts label found on nearly every ... Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly news ... updates and the fight that has ensued. , ... that while the Nutrition Facts label has remained largely ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Wallerian degeneration is a subject of major interest ... differentially regulated during the distinct stages of Wallerian ... differentiation and dedifferentiation. Although gene expression responses in ... peripheral nerve injury are known, differences in gene ... unclear. Dr. Dengbing Yao and co-workers from Nantong ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 2Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 3Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 4Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 5Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 6Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 7Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 8Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 9Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 10
(Date:7/30/2014)... Diego, CA (PRWEB) July 30, 2014 ... contract from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ... expertise in developmental toxicity models, including tests designed ... neuron formation and the formation of connections between ... Inhibition of neurodifferentiation and synapse formation by environmental ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... July 30, 2014 Immunology ... leading Immunologists, Principle Investigators, scientists in the field, ... Malemud, Professor at Case Western Reserve University School ... keynote address on “The effects of recombinant ... of matrix metalloproteinase-9”. Arya Biragyn, a Senior investigator ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... July 30, 2014 SoundConnect ... collaboration company, is proud to announce the strategic ... positions in their Boston, Charleston and Atlanta offices. ... the increased demand for hosted solutions, collaboration and ... and reduce cost. , SoundConnect was founded in ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... have hurdled a number of significant technological challenges ... observing technology originally created for the James Webb ... Investigator Harvey Moseley, a scientist at NASA,s Goddard ... that electrostatically actuated microshutter arrays that is, ... are as functional as the current technology,s magnetically ...
Breaking Biology Technology:U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Awards Vala Sciences a Second ToxCast Contract 2U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Awards Vala Sciences a Second ToxCast Contract 3Unveiling Breakthroughs in Clinical & Cellular Immunology 2Unveiling Breakthroughs in Clinical & Cellular Immunology 3SoundConnect Organization and Culture is Evolving 2Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 2Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 3Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 4
Cached News: