HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Gene therapy reduces drinking in rats with genetic predisposition to 'alcoholism'

UPTON, NY -- As a follow up to previous work showing that gene therapy can reduce drinking in rats trained to prefer alcohol, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have used the same technique to cut drinking in rats with a genetic predisposition for heavy alcohol consumption. The findings, along with additional results on the effects of long-term ethanol consumption on certain aspects of brain chemistry, are published in the May 2004 issue of Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research.

"Though we are still early in the process, these results improve our understanding of the mechanism or mechanisms of alcohol addiction and strengthen our hope that this treatment approach might one day help people addicted to alcohol," said Panayotis (Peter) Thanos, who lead the study in Brookhaven Lab's medical department.

Genetically predisposed alcohol-preferring rats are a much better model for human alcoholism than the rats used previously, which the scientists had to train to prefer alcohol. Without any training, the genetic alcohol-preferring rats drink, on average, more than five grams of ethanol per kilogram of body weight per day when given a free choice between alcohol and plain water. Genetically non-preferring rats, in contrast, typically consume less than one gram of ethanol per kilogram of body weight per day.

In this study, both groups were treated with gene transfer to increase the level of a brain receptor for dopamine, a chemical important for transmitting feelings of pleasure and reward and known to play a role in addiction. After the gene treatment, the alcohol-preferring rats exhibited a 37 percent reduction in their preference for alcohol and cut their total alcohol consumption in half -- from 2.7 grams per kilogram of body weight before treatment to 1.3g/kg after. Non-preferring rats also reduced their drinking preference and intake after gene treatment, but not in nearly as dramatic a fas
'"/>

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory
5-May-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Targeted therapy knocks out pediatric brain cancer in mice
2. New anti-inflammatory strategy for cancer therapy identified by UCSD researchers
3. Columbia research to examine gene influence on severity of peridontal disease, therapy response
4. Case for IBD combination therapy comes from research at Baylor, MIT and Hebrew University
5. The search for a kinder, gentler chemotherapy
6. Embryonic stem cell therapy shows steady benefits in rebuilding infarcted heart
7. Retroviral gene therapy? ASLV, HIV, and MLV show distinct target site preferences
8. Gene changes linked to increased eye pressure may have implications for glaucoma therapy
9. Jefferson Lab detector technology aids development of cystic fibrosis therapy
10. Stroking up cellular therapy
11. Smart gene therapy protects against damage from heart attack

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 21, 2017   Neurotechnology , ... recognition technologies, today announced the release of the ... which provides improved facial recognition using up to ... a single computer. The new version uses deep ... accuracy, and it utilizes a Graphing Processing Unit ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Calif. , March 21, 2017 ... analytics company serving law enforcement agencies, announced today the ... as director of public safety business development. ... diversified law enforcement experience, including a focus on the ... In his most recent position, Mr. Sheridan served as ...
(Date:3/20/2017)... PMD Healthcare announces the release of its ... System (WMS), a remote, real-time lung health monitoring and ... is a Medical Device, Digital Health, and Chronic Care ... innovative solutions that empower people to improve their healthcare ... developed the first ever personal spirometer, Spiro PD, which ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... and ROCKVILLE, Md. , March ... of Maxwell Biotech Venture Fund (MBVF), today announced positive ... added to the standard drug therapy regimen in patients ... small molecule drug discovered by scientists at Sequella, Inc. ... Institutes of Health. A total of ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 24, 2017 Sinovac Biotech Ltd. ("Sinovac" or ... China , today announced that its board of ... date of the plan from March 27, 2017 to March 27, ... About Sinovac Biotech Ltd. ... Sinovac Biotech Ltd. is a ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 2017   Sienna Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. , a privately ... that Richard Peterson will join the company ... Peterson, who brings more than two decades of global ... is retiring at the end of April but will ... joins Sienna from Novan, Inc., where he served as ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... AxioMed president, ... viscous and elastic characteristics when deformed, which is identical to how the human ... absorb compressive forces and return to its natural state along a hysteresis curve, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: