HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Genetic Stowaways May Contribute To Evolutionary Change: Adjacent Sequences Tag Along With Mobile DNA Elements, Study Shows

In the century and more since Charles Darwin first advanced his theory of evolution, the proposal has come to dominate biological understanding. Current thinking has it that new traits arise spontaneously through genetic mutations, and, if they promote the survival of the individual, the genes may be selected for in subsequent generations. Over time, significant changes in a species can occur in this way -- indeed, entirely new species may eventually appear.

In this age of molecular biology, highly specific new questions about the process of evolution are being framed. Scientists would like to know whether and how evolution operates at the molecular level in an organism's DNA.

Now, experiments performed at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have revealed a molecular mechanism that may be a significant driver of evolution in humans and other mammals. Certain retrotransposons -- bits of DNA able to copy themselves from one region of the genome to another -- are able to pick up flanking genetic sequences and then insert themselves and the tag-along DNA at new locations. A report on the new study will appear in the March 5, 1999, issue of Science. (Advance copies of the paper are available to reporters through the journal's news office at 202-326-6421.)

"These findings suggest a new mechanism for shuffling important genetic sequences -- exons, promoters, enhancers -- that may lie downstream from these active mobile DNA elements," says Haig H. Kazazian, MD, chairman of the department of genetics and senior author on the paper. "From an evolutionary perspective, here is a way to create novel genetic combinations. While many such changes might prove lethal, some could improve function in individuals, leading to a selective advantage for those individuals."

"Previously proposed explanations for how such rearrangements of DNA might occur have been rather murky," says lead author John V. Moran, PhD, now an
'"/>

Contact: Franklin Hoke
hokef@mail.med.upenn.edu
215-349-5659
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
5-Mar-1999


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Genetic mutations linked to the practice of burning coal in homes in China
2. Genetic differences might help distinguish thyroid cancers
3. Genetic modification of linseed produces healthier omega 3 and 6 fatty acids
4. Wiley publishes Welcome to the Genome: A Users Guide to the Genetic Past, Present, and Future
5. Genetically modified bacterium as remedy for intestinal diseases
6. Genetic analysis rewrites salamanders evolutionary history
7. Genetic map of important tree genes outlined
8. Genetically-engineered marathon mouse keeps on running
9. Genetic clues found for common congenital brain disorder
10. Genetic mutation linked to more aggressive breast cancer found more often in African-Americans
11. Genetic discovery could dramatically reduce need for liver transplants in children

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/20/2015)... OXFORD, CT ., Aug. 20, 2015 ... "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on the growing ... wallet, announces it has joined The Smart Card Alliance ... the Smart Card Alliance and the Smart Card Alliance ... and visibility to industry peers and thought leaders promoting ...
(Date:8/17/2015)... 2015  NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... the growing mobile commerce market and creator of the ... Q4 2015. The new marketing campaign is being spearheaded ... Marketing Group ( http://amplitudemarketing.com/ ) and TPMG ( http://tmpg.com/ ... in retail driven marketing and brand awareness and has ...
(Date:8/12/2015)... JOSE, Calif. , Aug. 12, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... developer of human interface solutions, today announced that ... recently announced Match-in-Sensor solution, have officially been named ... Alliance. As part of the certification, Synaptics, Natural ... FIDO 1.0 Universal Authentication Framework (UAF) standard and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 2NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 3NXT-ID, Inc. Joins Smart Card Alliance and EMV Migration Forum 4NXT-ID, Inc. Launches Sales Campaign for Wocket Smart Wallet with Award Winning Marketing Team 2NXT-ID, Inc. Launches Sales Campaign for Wocket Smart Wallet with Award Winning Marketing Team 3Synaptics Announces FIDO Certification of Natural ID Fingerprint Solutions 2Synaptics Announces FIDO Certification of Natural ID Fingerprint Solutions 3
(Date:9/2/2015)... , Sept. 2, 2015 Axovant Sciences Ltd. (NYSE: ... of dementia, today announced upcoming presentations at three investor conferences: ... the Baird 2015 Healthcare Conference in New York ... Thursday, September 10 at 2:00 PM at the BioCentury NewsMakers ... Millennium Broadway Hotel & Conference Center , Thursday, September ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... ... September 02, 2015 , ... ... systems, analytical testing, education and consulting services for the medical device sector, ... products/processes development, design control, validation, quality assurance and regulatory compliance. Avarent will ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... , Sep. 02, 2015 ... has announced the addition of Jain PharmaBiotech,s new ... and Companies" to their offering. ... based on technologies and applications. The report starts ... for estimation of markets. Technologies include array comparative ...
(Date:9/2/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( ... PharmaBiotech,s new report "Biomarkers - Technologies, Markets ... This report follows the broad definition of a ... measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal ... responses to a therapeutic intervention. Tests based on ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Axovant Sciences To Present At Upcoming Investor Conferences 2Axovant Sciences To Present At Upcoming Investor Conferences 3NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 2NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 3NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 4NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 5NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 6NSF International Strengthens Medical Device Consulting With Acquisition of Avarent LLC 7Global Biochips and Microarrays Technologies, Markets and Companies Report 2015 with Market Size in 2014 and Projected Value for the Years 2019 and 2024 2Updated 2015 Biomarkers Report - Latest Technologies, Markets and Companies Insights to 2024 with over 1,000 References 2Updated 2015 Biomarkers Report - Latest Technologies, Markets and Companies Insights to 2024 with over 1,000 References 3
Cached News: