HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Gladstone study reveals how genetic factor may increase risk for Alzheimer's disease

Researchers at the Gladstone Institute of Neurological Disease have identified processes that may explain how a key protein, apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4), contributes to the development of Alzheimer's disease. Their findings, described in the Journal of Neuroscience (March 10, 2004), include identifying where in the brain apoE4 is broken down into toxic fragments that can impair the function and survival of nerve cells. Results of their study may point the way to a new therapeutic strategy for the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

ApoE4 is the best known genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, but, until now, the mechanism by which it increases that risk has remained a mystery. The key finding of the current study relates to apoE4's tendency to be broken down into toxic fragments when it is produced in neurons, the brain cells responsible for cognitive functions.

Proteins can be broken into small pieces by enzymes known as proteases in a process termed proteolysis. While the degradation of proteins is important for many cell processes, it can be harmful when it occurs inappropriately, not only because it destroys the protein, but also because abnormally high levels of fragments can damage cells.

In the new study, involving the examination of genetically engineered mice, Gladstone researchers have established that:

  • only apoE4 produced by neurons is susceptible to fragmentation, unlike apoE4 produced by other brain cells;
  • fragmentation is correlated with age, occurring more frequently the older the animal, similar to the effect of age on Alzheimer disease risk in humans;
  • fragmentation of apoE4 occurs predominantly in the very parts of the brain that are most vulnerable to Alzheimer's disease, the neocortex and hippocampus. In contrast, fragmentation does not occur in the cerebellum, which is much less vulnerable to Alzheimer's disease;
  • the apoE4 fragments cause
    '"/>


Contact: John Watson
jwatson@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-695-3833
University of California - San Francisco
23-Mar-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Gladstone investigator Mike McCune wins prestigious NIH Directors Pioneer Award
2. The future of HIV therapeutics is brightening, according to Gladstone Institutes Director
3. Gladstone researchers find method to study hidden HIV reservoirs
4. New Gladstone/UCSF study finds inhibiting fat synthesis results in obesity resistance in mice
5. Gladstone/UCSF team discovers interaction of two brain proteins may be key factor in development of Alzheimers disease
6. AIDS Virus May Evolve Differently In Cerebrospinal Fluid Compared With Blood In Some Patients, UCSF/Gladstone Research Finds
7. UCSF/Gladstone Finding May Explain HIVS Ability To Infect Cells Lacking The Key Target Of HIV: The CD4 Receptor
8. Breakthrough In Understanding The Biology Of Fat-- UCSF/Gladstone Scientists Discover Gene For Key Enzyme
9. Student science contest participation influences study, career choices, alumni say
10. New study shows hope for treating inhalant abuse
11. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment

Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/5/2014)... Rio de Janeiro, Brazil -Individuals show great diversity in ... importantly, males and females greatly differ in their perceptual ... kinds of smell tests. , Sex differences ... social behaviors and may be connected to one,s perception ... and emotions. Thus, women,s olfactory superiority has been suggested ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... examining only marketing directed at children on the ... found that the majority of black, middle-income and ... tactics. , Authored by Arizona State University researcher ... the first to examine the use of child-directed ... food restaurants and its relationship to demographics. It ...
(Date:11/3/2014)... University of Colorado Cancer Center study published ... of Sciences describes the activity of a recently ... 37 or IL-37. It has been known to limit ... the adaptive immune system: IL-37 inhibits the ability of ... , "Knowing this mechanism that underlies IL-37,s effect on ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The female nose always knows: Do women have more olfactory neurons? 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 3PNAS: From HIV to cancer, IL-37 regulates immune system 2
(Date:11/28/2014)... 28, 2014 The American Association ... University’s School of Nursing with a very prestigious ... program. The 2014 Innovations in Professional Nursing Education ... schools and supports them as they re-envision traditional ... at AACN’s annual meeting in Washington, D.C. to ...
(Date:11/27/2014)... (PRWEB) November 27, 2014 The ... segments the market to provide crucial revenue forecasts. ... by 2018, growing at a CAGR of 7.5%, ... TOC of the Europe Thermal Protective Clothing market ... and in-depth analysis supported by various tables and ...
(Date:11/27/2014)... Spartan Bioscience today announced that it ... Safety (MFDS) regulatory approval for its Spartan RX ... less than 60 minutes from a non-invasive cheek swab. ... for doctors to determine therapeutic strategies for drugs metabolized ... of the world’s most commonly prescribed drugs such as ...
(Date:11/27/2014)... , November 27, 2014 ... revolutionising the management of tooth decay, today announces ... of its Calcivis® Caries Activity Imaging System. ... a sophisticated medical device and consumable combination designed ... caries (tooth decay). It involves a unique, proprietary ...
Breaking Biology Technology:American Association of Colleges of Nursing honors Fairfield University’s School of Nursing for Re-envisioning Nursing Education 2The Europe Thermal Protective Clothing market is estimated to grow up to $577.9 million by 2018 - Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Europe Thermal Protective Clothing market is estimated to grow up to $577.9 million by 2018 - Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Spartan Bioscience Receives Korean Regulatory Approval for First Rapid DNA Test of Mutations Affecting Metabolism of Common Drugs 2Spartan Bioscience Receives Korean Regulatory Approval for First Rapid DNA Test of Mutations Affecting Metabolism of Common Drugs 3Calcivis Completes Clinical Study of Novel Caries Activity Imaging System 2Calcivis Completes Clinical Study of Novel Caries Activity Imaging System 3
Cached News: