HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
HIV exhausts the immune system through chronic non-specific activation

Like most persistent viruses, HIV uses a variety of strategies to counteract its host's response to infection. HIV infects the very cells that coordinate the immune response, which compromises the immune system and leaves the body susceptible to normally harmless microorganisms. It is these opportunistic infections, rather than the virus itself, that make HIV so deadly. Victor Appay and colleagues now show that an important effect of persistent HIV infection is generally elevated immune activation. Rather than being beneficial to the host, this causes non-specific premature maturation of many of the remaining functional T-cells. The resulting premature aging and exhaustion of the immune system increase the likelihood of opportunistic infection.

HIV targets white blood cells with surface receptors called CD4. These CD4, or helper, T-cells normally orchestrate the body's immune response. In response to a particular pathogen, they induce cytotoxic T-cells (or CD8 T-cells) and other immune cells to multiply and differentiate--that is, to become specially equipped to recognize and target a particular pathogen, or antigen. When the researchers analyzed T-cells from a group of untreated HIV infected individuals at different stages--acute infection, chronic infection without progression, and chronic infection with signs of progression--they found to their surprise that during acute HIV infection, the vast majority (80%90%) of the overall CD8 T-cell population was activated--not just the HIV-specific CD8 T-cells. CD8 T-cells specific to two other chronic (and usually benign) pathogens, EpsteinBarr virus and cytomegalovirus, showed significant activation levels during HIV acute infection. And as HIV/AIDS progresses, many of the CD8 T-cells developed to a state of senescence where they are no longer active.

These results show that chronic and nonspecific overactivation of the immune system during HIV infection produces a large pool of highly differentiated T-c
'"/>

Contact: Barbara Cohen
bcohen@plos.org
415-624-1206
Public Library of Science
17-Feb-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Long-term effects of carbon monoxide poisoning are an autoimmune reaction
2. Probing the surface of white blood cells to enhance immune system medicine
3. Researchers uncover secrets of immune systems munitions factory
4. Regular physical activity really does boost immune system in older men
5. New model can aid in understanding immune system diseases
6. New mechanism for display of foreign proteins to immune system
7. Babies with DiGeorge syndrome saved by immune supression, thymus transplant
8. Researchers develop better understanding of immune response to viral infection
9. Patients cells from tumors, the immune system merged for customized cancer therapy
10. Triple-vaccine strategy stimulates strong HIV-specific immune response in monkeys
11. Lack of immune system protein prevents lupus-like condition in mice

Post Your Comments:
(Date:3/24/2015)... Fla. , March 24, 2015   ... management solutions, today announced that its U.are.U ® ... accessory retailer Goorin Bros . to achieve ... biometrics-based solution secures access to the POS terminal, ... increased risk of data breaches. ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... , March 23, 2015   HOYOS Labs ... management company, today announced that the Company will demonstrate ... both enterprise and consumers at Connect:ID on March 23 ... HOYOS Labs will highlight the IEEE Biometric Open ... ; and enterprise access control system. BOPS was ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... 23, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... growing mobile commerce market, announces its biometric payment technology, the ... CNBC television starting March 30 th . ... New York markets. ... excited about our new ad campaign following the recent initial ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Crossmatch Fingerprint Readers Help Retailer Prevent Data Breaches at Point-of-Sale 2HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 2HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 3NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet to Launch New CNBC Regional TV Ad Campaign 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet to Launch New CNBC Regional TV Ad Campaign 3
(Date:3/26/2015)... Bioscience, Inc. (NASDAQ: ROKA ), a molecular ... for the detection of foodborne pathogens, today reported ... full year ended December 31, 2014. ... ended December 31, 2014 was $1.4 million compared ... and $1.5 million for the third quarter of ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... Louisville, CO (PRWEB) March 26, 2015 ... agency has formed a strategic alliance with Designing Gig ... to their clients. , “Forging this alliance ... company. Now we can extend a comprehensive, end-to-end, ... design, development, strategy, and execution,” said Chuck Miller, president ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... 26, 2015 Neogen Corporation (NASDAQ: NEOG ... third quarter of fiscal 2015, which ended Feb. 28, ... year,s $6,575,000. Earnings per share in the current quarter ... year-to-date net income increased 17% over prior year to ... $0.56 per share, for the same period a year ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... the popular news television program that airs in numerous markets ... actor James Earl Jones, has announced that it will address ... Botany is commonly described as the scientific study of plants, ... complicated than that. Scientists and other professionals study a wide ... bacteria known to man to the largest trees that grow ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 2Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 3Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 4Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 5Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 6Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 7The Market Element LLC and Designing Gig LLC Form Strategic Alliance 2Neogen reports 13% increase in net income 2Neogen reports 13% increase in net income 3Neogen reports 13% increase in net income 4Neogen reports 13% increase in net income 5Neogen reports 13% increase in net income 6Neogen reports 13% increase in net income 7Neogen reports 13% increase in net income 8
Cached News: