HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Higher obesity rates prevail among Dutch women exposed to famine in utero

Researchers at the University of Amsterdam looked at a group of 741 men and women, now 50 years of age, who had been exposed in utero to the Dutch famine of 1944-45 which followed on the Nazi occupation. Middle-aged women especially had an increased rate of obesity, as meausured by Body Mass Index (BMI, or body weight [kg] divided by height[m]squared) and waist circumference.

Characteristic of these female subjects was an abdominal deposition of body fat associated with the so-called "metabolic syndrome": a tendency to high cholesterol levels, hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Women whose mothers were exposed to the famine early in their pregnancies were especially prone to later obesity, and the investigators conclude that this difference cannot be accounted for by increases in food intake or other lifestyle factors such as socioeconomic status, smoking or alcohol. Increased obesity may result, rather, from altered metabolic regulation of accumulated body fat later in life.

Exposure to famine, especially for the unborn, depends very much on its timing, with early gestation being a particularly vulnerable period. According to the authors, "the Dutch famine was a unique nutritional challenge. It started and ended abruptly, lasted only 5 months, and was preceded and followed by more or less adequate nutrition. The Dutch famine is therefore hardly comparable with other famine periods..." During the famine, rations varied between 400 and 880 clories per day and rose about 1000 calories after the May 12, 1945 liberation by Allied forces. After the Allied liberation, the Dutch famine was immediately followed by a period of comparative affluence. In this study, 50 year old women exposed to famine in early gestation were by far the most affected, whereas men showed relatively mild effects.


'"/>

Contact: Lorili Barber
lbarber@ascn.faseb.org
301-530-7038
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
23-Oct-1999


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Higher blood levels of sitosterol may be associated with increased risk for coronary events
2. Higher fibre intake linked to later periods, scientists say
3. Study: Higher energy intake, obesity affects all age groups, not just youths
4. Basic Research and Higher Education Program Conference breaks new ground
5. Higher fat diets show same positive effects on LDLs as low fat diet
6. New Hampshire Study Shows Well Water Has Higher Arsenic Levels Than Municipal Water
7. Higher Levels Of Protein May Predict Heart Disease
8. Software Helps Decipher Genomes Of Higher Organisms
9. New Research: Children Inhale Higher Percentage Of Pollution
10. New Analytical Methods Indicate Higher Folic Acid Concentration In Beans And Peas
11. Eating Less Fat At One Meal May Lead To Higher Fat Intake Later

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/27/2020)... FRANCISCO (PRWEB) , ... March 25, 2020 , ... ... testing, has adapted their platform to address the need to rapidly launch and ... are complex and time consuming to deliver, has been adapted for COVID-19 specific ...
(Date:3/19/2020)... ... , ... The former Jason "Furious" Styles of "Boyz n the Hood" (1991), ... The TV program highlights a large variety of subjects that have an impact on ... a dive into the world of applied academics. The episode will cover education in ...
(Date:3/11/2020)... ... March 11, 2020 , ... USARAD ... by Siemens Healthineers and several healthcare VC firms introduces a first of its ... over 100 countries and has caused over 4,000 fatalities to date. Over the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/3/2020)... ARLINGTON HEIGHTS, Ill. (PRWEB) , ... March 03, ... ... software solutions company serving the pharmaceutical, biotech and medical device industries, was recognized ... , INC. 5,000 puts forward annual lists to note industry leaders greatly impacting ...
(Date:3/2/2020)... ... ... McBee, Moore and Vanik IP, LLC (MMV IP) has been ranked 12th ... , According to statistics compiled by Harrity Anaytics, MMV IP was listed as the ... during 2019. Technology center 1600 at the US Patent Office (“USPTO”) specializes in the ...
(Date:2/26/2020)... Del. (PRWEB) , ... February 25, 2020 , ... ... DuPont Nutrition & Biosciences (DuPont) recently published the results of its safety assessment ... over 130 HMOs currently identified in human milk. These complex carbohydrates are indigestible ...
(Date:2/21/2020)... ... February 20, 2020 , ... ... capability to perform complex, efficient and elegant chemistry. Humans have been increasingly ... our own goals. , Through rapidly evolving technologies and strategies for modern ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: