HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Human brain works heavy statistics learning language

A team at the University of Rochester has found that the human brain makes much more extensive use of highly complex statistics when learning a language than scientists ever realized. The research, appearing in a recent issue of Cognitive Psychology, shows that the human brain is wired to quickly grasp certain relationships between spoken sounds even though those relationships may be so complicated they're beyond our ability to consciously comprehend.

"We're starting to learn just how intuitively our minds are able to analyze amazingly complex information without our even being aware of it," says Elissa Newport, professor of brain and cognitive sciences at the University and lead author of the study. "There is a powerful correlation between what our brains are able to do and what language demands of us."

Newport and Richard Aslin, professor of brain and cognitive sciences, began by looking at how people are able to recognize the division between spoken words when spoken language is really a stream of unbroken syllables. They wanted to know how it is that we perceive breaks between spoken words, when in fact there are no pauses. This is why it often seems as if speakers of foreign languages are talking very quickly; we don't perceive pauses.

So how is a baby supposed to make out where one word begins and another ends? Newport and Aslin devised a test where babies and adults listened to snippets of a synthetic language: a few syllables arranged into nonsense words and played in random order for 20 minutes. During that time, the listeners were taking in information about the syllables, such as how often each occurred, and how often they occurred in relation to other syllables. For instance, in the real words "pretty baby," the syllable "pre" is followed by "ty," which happens more frequently in English than the syllable "ty" being followed by "ba"--thus the brain notes that "ty" is more likely to be associated with "pre" than with "ba," and so we h
'"/>

Contact: Jonathan Sherwood
jonathan.sherwood@rochester.edu
585-758-9510
University of Rochester
4-May-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Human chromosome 5 final sequence analysis released to public
2. Humans march to a faster genetic drummer than primates, UC Riverside research says
3. Applied Mathematical Models in Human Physiology
4. Human health risks in space flight focus of research internships
5. Human periodontal ligament stem cells isolated for the first time
6. Organization for Human Brain Mapping 2004 Annual Meeting
7. 20 May AAAS lecture: Computers that Respond to Human Emotion
8. New Woods Hole Center for Oceans and Human Health established
9. European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology conference - June 2004
10. Human genome-wide RNAi library for biotech and pharma research
11. Human genetic sampling

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Human brain works heavy statistics learning language

(Date:5/10/2015)... May 11, 2015 Fingerprint Cards (FPC) ... and FPC1155 from the distributor World Peace Industrial Group (WPI), ... in Asia . Deliveries are planned to ... used by smartphone manufacturers in China . ... communicated revenue guidance of + 1 000 MSEK for 2015.   ...
(Date:4/27/2015)... 2015  For more than four decades, AUVSI,s ... the premier worldwide event for the unmanned land, sea, ... event for any local, national, or trade news organization ... markets and current applications of unmanned technologies. The conference ... $48 billion industry, and how it will soon impact ...
(Date:4/20/2015)... DUBAI , April 20, 2015 ... soars   Glenbeigh Records Management (GRM), ... contract with Dubai Islamic Bank. Having built up an impressive ... is now a leading player within the records management sector ... company expects to double is GCC staffbase and employ a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fingerprint Cards Receives Touch Fingerprint Sensor Order of SEK 235 Million 2UNMANNED SYSTEMS 2015: Largest International Conference and Trade Show for the Drone and Unmanned Technology Industry 2UNMANNED SYSTEMS 2015: Largest International Conference and Trade Show for the Drone and Unmanned Technology Industry 3UNMANNED SYSTEMS 2015: Largest International Conference and Trade Show for the Drone and Unmanned Technology Industry 4UNMANNED SYSTEMS 2015: Largest International Conference and Trade Show for the Drone and Unmanned Technology Industry 5Glenbeigh Records Management Wins Contract With Dubai Islamic Bank 2Glenbeigh Records Management Wins Contract With Dubai Islamic Bank 3
(Date:5/22/2015)... Baylor Research Institute (BRI) at ... Institute (TGen) in Phoenix, AZ , ... detection and treatments for patients with a broad range of ... to new clinical trials and access to technology to drive ... bench to bedside across Baylor Scott & White ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... 21, 2015  Prima Biomed Ltd. (NASDAQ: PBMD ... to become a leader in the development of immunotherapeutic ... the final CVac data from the Phase II CAN-003 ... for a clinically meaningful improvement in Overall Survival ("OS") ... In the group of second remission patients ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... 21, 2015 Patent Offering, The patent’s ... diagnostic or therapeutic imaging within a body lumen (open ... endoscope having a low cost, single-use disposable illumination and ... was October 18, 2013 and the patent approval was ... the physician to customize the lighting and magnification of ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... Ontario (PRWEB) May 21, 2015 ... into an exclusive North American distribution agreement with ... testing system. , With more than 160 years ... products and services for laboratory and production facilities, ... operational excellence and differentiated services to enable science. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Precision Medicine Collaboration to Increase Options for Cancer Patients 2Precision Medicine Collaboration to Increase Options for Cancer Patients 3Precision Medicine Collaboration to Increase Options for Cancer Patients 4Correction Continues after Big Move - BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 2IpAuctions™ Presents The Worlds Smallest Disposable Illuminated Endoscope For Auction 2IpAuctions™ Presents The Worlds Smallest Disposable Illuminated Endoscope For Auction 3Veolia’s TECTA™ B16 Instrument for E. Coli Detection is Offered Exclusively Through VWR 2
Cached News: