INEEL researchers discover that concrete degrades nerve agent and can predict rate of decay

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory can detect the nerve agent VX on concrete surfaces using a unique chemical detection instrument. Scientific research into how quickly a nerve agent decays has the potential both to help counter terrorist threats and to support ongoing studies in environmental restoration.

What's more, researchers can now predict how quickly VX decays when it is sprayed on concrete. VX attacks the body's nervous system by interfering with the normal transmission of chemicals that help control nerves, muscles and glands.

Through funding from the U.S. Army and the Department of Energy, INEEL researchers are supporting environmental restoration and national security activities by designing new instruments that can identify chemicals quickly and accurately. INEEL specializes in analyzing chemicals on the surfaces of common materials such as soils and plants.

Using a prototype IT-SIMS (ion trap secondary mass spectrometer), researchers discovered that the chemical makeup of concrete reacts with VX and causes it to break down. How quickly the chemical weapon decomposes depends on the temperature of the environment-the hotter the better. Determining the relationship between VX degradation on concrete and ambient temperature is a significant advance. Such information could help governments make better decisions about how to protect their people in the event of a VX attack. A cover article featuring this research appears on the Nov, 15, 2002, Environmental Science and Technology Journal.

VX is easily absorbed through skin and eyes, and exposure to a tiny fraction of a gram can be lethal. It's important to be able to detect traces of the chemical on concrete, and to understand how long it will hang around, because concrete is so common. Although VX has been banned for use through the Chemical Weapons Convention, and most countries are destroying their stock of the

Contact: Deborah Hill
DOE/Idaho National Laboratory

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists report on the current state of INEELs nuclear waste contamination
2. INEEL geoscientist to present NAPL contaminant modeling advance at AGU Meeting
3. INEEL competes successfully for DOE EMSP funding
4. INEEL uses ethanol to reduce petroleum consumption, cut exhaust emissions
5. INEEL creates a method to link energy use, greenhouse gases
6. INEEL microbiologist joins Japanese on expedition to tap marine-methane deposits
7. INEEL, universities collaborate on subsurface strontium-90 remediation efforts
8. INEEL launches comprehensive vadose zone management program
9. Center For Ion Mobility Spectrometry Established At INEEL
10. Envisioning Ions With INEEL-Developed Simulation
11. Belgian researchers explore revolutionary approach to angiogenesis

Post Your Comments:

(Date:7/18/2020)... ... 2020 , ... A study has been published in the ... noise control device to attenuate typical noises in a simulated neonatal intensive care ... sounds from patient monitors, ventilators and other bedside devices that would affect the ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 09, 2020 , ... Today CJ BIO announced the ... share insight on the “fifth taste” phenomenon that is revolutionizing ingredient mixes, nutritional content ... will be live on Monday, July 13, 2020 at11:00 AM (CDT) during SHIFT20, the ...
(Date:7/2/2020)... ... July 02, 2020 , ... ... B.V. (MBS) has announced a publication detailing the use of its revolutionary ... polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in 16 minutes. The article, titled "Ultra-fast one-step ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 29, 2020 , ... ... combine up to three different materials for use with CRM, neurostimulation, vascular, and ... three materials to meet specific design requirements, performance, and cost criteria; especially where ...
(Date:7/22/2020)... ... 2020 , ... Join experts from Reed Tech , Gary Saner, Sr. ... one hour live webinar on Thursday, August 13, 2020 at 11am EDT ... medical devices. Specifically, for medical devices, the NMPA has departments dealing with medical device ...
(Date:7/10/2020)... ... July 08, 2020 , ... Bode Technology, ... of laboratory operations through its COVID-19 testing service, Bode-CARES . Bode-CARES combines ... Bode-CARES provides a turnkey solution that includes a comprehensive collection and ...
(Date:7/7/2020)... BOSTON (PRWEB) , ... July 06, 2020 , ... ... Innovative Practices Awards. Entries from Roche, Eli Lilly, Bristol-Myers Squibb, the University of ... Since 2003, Bio-IT World has hosted an elite awards program, highlighting outstanding examples ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: