HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Important pathogens and cures belong to little-known group of fungi

Field Museum research points way to discovering other agents

CHICAGO Researchers studying medicinal, pharmacological, antibiotic, carcinogenic and food-production agents would do well to study an often-overlooked group of fungi that once had but then lost the ability to form lichen symbioses, according to a study to be published in the journal Nature June 21, 2001.

Using DNA sequence data, the scientists have determined a more accurate fungus family tree and reconstructed the evolution of the lichen symbiosis. As a result, this little-understood group of lichen-forming fungi is now recognized as being more important to humans than previously thought.

Phylogenies coupled with statistical methods that reconstruct ancestral states can help identify additional species with possible benefits and provide a better understanding of fungi that are detrimental to humans, says Franois Lutzoni, PhD, assistant curator of botany at the Field Museum and lead author of the study. This is one of many reasons why reconstructing the complete tree of life is so compelling and should be one of the main scientific endeavors of the new millennium.

This study demonstrates that lichen-forming fungi are especially important to humans by determining for the first time that several groups of non-lichen-forming fungi known to include species with beneficial and detrimental properties to humans are derived from lichen ancestors. For example, the study determines that Penicillium, from which penicillin was derived, belongs to one of these non-lichen-forming fungal lineages (Eurotiales) that originated following the loss of lichenization.

Another example is Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus, also members of the Eurotiales. They produce aflatoxins on various nuts and grains (including peanuts and corn) that are among the most potent carcinogenic compounds known.

Other members of the Eurotiales are used to ripen bleu cheese and are pathogens of citru
'"/>

Contact: Greg Borzo
gborzo@fieldmuseum.org
312-665-7106
Field Museum
20-Jun-2001


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Important step taken toward the identification of schizophrenia genes
2. Important Genetic Marker For Alzheimers Disease Questioned
3. Scientists Discover Important Molecular Link That Allows Cells To Form Blood Vessels
4. New Gene May Play Important Role In Regulating HDL, The Good Cholesterol
5. Structure Of Fat-Depleting Protein Reveals Important Functional Clues
6. Important New Fossil Animal Discovered By Wits Scientists
7. UI Study Reveals Important Information About Molecular Defect In Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
8. Researchers Find Fas Ligand Is Important In Blinding Disease
9. Oregon Scientists Discover A Second Blood-Brain Barrier; Important Finding For Patients With Brain Cancers And Neurological Disorders
10. One Way Traffic: Max Planck Scientists Idendified Genes Involved In Transporting An Important Plant Growth Factor
11. UCSF Team Identifies Two Key Molecules In Asthma; Important Finding For New Therapies That Treat Disease At Cell Level

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Important pathogens and cures belong little known group fungi

(Date:10/17/2014)... from the University of Copenhagen have shown for the ... lungs of Cystic fibrosis patients, giving them the opportunity ... in chronic infections. , The study also discovered the ... (CF) patients was halted or slowed down by the ... all the oxygen and helped "suffocate" the bacteria, forcing ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... on how the bowel lining develops and, in the ... starts. , The researchers produced evidence that stem cells ... are a feature of the bowel lining, and believe ... a controversial finding as scientists are still divided on ... Dr Chin Wee Tan and Professor Tony Burgess from ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... , Oct. 15, 2014 Sandata Technologies, ... home and community-based care, today announced it released ... Sandata,s Santrax® Electronic Visit Verification™ Solution (EVV™)  for ... a home health company founded in 1996 and ... . The study details the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection 2Cryptic clues drive new theory of bowel cancer development 2Sandata Announces Case Study with Quality Care Services, Inc. 2
(Date:10/19/2014)... 19, 2014 The Latin American hardware ... in Latin America with analysis and forecast of revenue. ... and is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018, ... , Browse through the TOC of the Latin American ... the in-depth analysis provided. It also provides a glimpse ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... October 19, 2014 The Asia-Pacific ... market in Asia-Pacific with analysis and forecast of ... Asia Pacific Bromine Market report, to get an ... provides a glimpse of the segmentation in the ... tables and figures. , http://www.micromarketmonitor.com/market/asia-pacific-bromine-6741503144.html ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... The report "Chocolate, Cocoa Beans, Lecithin, ... Geography Trend and Forecast (2011 - 2016)," analyzes ... and studies the major market drivers, restraints, and opportunities ... Asia. , The global chocolate market is expected to ... 2016 at an estimated CAGR of 2.7% from 2011 ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... October 19, 2014 According to ... (Access Points; WLAN Controllers; Wireless gateways)]- Global Advancements, ... segments the global Outdoor Wi-Fi market with analysis ... report MarketsandMarkets also identifies the drivers and the ... the trends, opportunities and challenges. , Browse 65 ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Latin American hardware encryption display market is expected to reach $2,366.8 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asia-Pacific Bromine Market is estimated to grow to $4,080.1 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Chocolate Market Projected To Reach $98.3 Billion by 2016 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Outdoor Wi-Fi Market (by Access Points, WLAN Controllers, Wireless gateways) Expected to Cross $37.2 Billion by 2018 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4
Cached News: