HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
In a world of distortion, archer fish learn to judge absolute size of aerial prey

Anyone who has looked at the aerial world during an underwater dive will have marvelled at the distortions in apparent size, shape, and position of aerial objects. In a new study, researchers have shown that archer fish can learn to cope with these strongly viewpoint-dependent distortions, and this ability enables the fish to precisely judge from any underwater viewpoint the absolute size of their aerial prey. The work is reported by Stefan Schuster, now at the University of Erlangen-Nuremburg, and colleagues at the University of Freiburg.

Many animals are able to judge the absolute size of visual objects, a skill that becomes especially useful for tasks such as selecting prey. The ability to judge absolute size, however, requires that the visual system be able to perform a critical correction to account for distance between the eye and the viewed object: dramatic differences in the size of the actual retinal image occur as the distance between viewer and object changes. A situation in which this corrective requirement is especially challenging arises for animals that need to judge the size of aerial prey from an underwater vantage point. Here, as the study of Schuster and colleagues shows, the complex optical situation arising from distance and refraction requires precise understanding of the relationship between an object's apparent size and the fish's relative position to the object.

In the experiments reported by the researchers, archer fish viewed a set of eight disks at various heights above the water surface from various horizontal distances and selected one of the disks as a shooting target based only on its absolute size. Although nave fish often selected disks that would be too large to be swallowed, all could eventually learn to judge absolute size with great precision; in doing so, they perfectly accounted for the complex optical situation posed by their underwater viewpoint. In a series of experiments, the researchers showed that the f
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
617-397-2879
Cell Press
6-Sep-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. DuPont scientist named one of the worlds top young innovators by MITs Technology Review Magazine
2. Health of worlds sea lions the focus of Wakefield Symposium
3. Laboratory grows world record length carbon nanotube
4. Improved nutrition could reduce malaria burden worldwide
5. Study shows how consensus is attained in a noisy world
6. MSU group reviews Berkeley venture into brave new science funding world
7. From science fiction to reality: Nanomedicine brings fresh hope to the medical world
8. New world record magnet for chemical and biomedical research
9. Growing new breed of vaccine-producing plants to fight human diseases worldwide
10. Scientists describe the worlds smallest, lightest fish
11. Songbirds escaped from Australasia, conquered rest of world

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: world distortion archer fish learn judge absolute size aerial prey

(Date:3/26/2015)... The Granite Club, ... club, today announced it has implemented a state-of-the-art access ... for members and staff, while restricting access to authorized ... selected FST,s IMID Access system because it has the ... and staff, in addition to unparalleled security," said ...
(Date:3/24/2015)... 2015   NexID Biometrics LLC, whose spoof-mitigation ... today announced the beginning of shipments of version 2.0 ... The company, based in Potsdam, N.Y. ... Expo, which began here today at the Walter E. ... of its SDK boosts the accuracy rate range to ...
(Date:3/23/2015)... --  HOYOS Labs , a leading global authentication infrastructure ... Company will demonstrate multiple biometrics-based technologies under its identity ... on March 23 through 25, 2015, in ... IEEE Biometric Open Protocol Standard; free biometrics-based consumer app, ... system. BOPS was invented by HOYOS Labs and contributed ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Granite Club First Private Club in North America to Implement FST Biometrics Secure Access Solution, as Part of Multi-million Dollar Expansion 2NexID Begins Shipments Of Version 2.0 Fake-Finger-Detection Solution 2HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 2HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 3
(Date:4/23/2015)... Six startups from Russia traveled ... as part of the U.S.-Russia Innovation Corridor (USRIC) ... biotechnology startups to participate in the program since ... the University of Maryland (UMD) signed a Memorandum ... universities in the biomedical industry in 2013. , ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , April 23, 2015  Veracyte, ... has entered into a definitive agreement to sell approximately ... placement. Under the agreement, the investors will purchase an ... purchase price of $8.15 per share, the closing stock ... led by new and existing investors, including Broadfin Capital, ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... 2015  Propanc Health Group Corporation (OTCBB: PPCH) ... the development of cancer treatments for patients with ... includes PRP, a patented formulation consisting of two ... as the enzyme amylase designed to synergistically enhance ... of anti-cancer agents working in combination with pro-enzymes, ...
(Date:4/22/2015)... -- Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: SGMO ) today reported ... For the first quarter ended March 31, 2015, ... or $0.08 per share, compared to a net loss ... same period in 2014. As of March 31, 2015, ... interest receivable of $226.1 million. Revenues for ...
Breaking Biology Technology:U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 2U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 3U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 4Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 2Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 3Veracyte, Inc. Announces $40 Million Private Placement 4Early Stage BioTech offers Plenty of Risk; Propanc Health Group Analyst Brief Issued by BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 2Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 7Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 8
Cached News: