HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
In a world of distortion, archer fish learn to judge absolute size of aerial prey

Anyone who has looked at the aerial world during an underwater dive will have marvelled at the distortions in apparent size, shape, and position of aerial objects. In a new study, researchers have shown that archer fish can learn to cope with these strongly viewpoint-dependent distortions, and this ability enables the fish to precisely judge from any underwater viewpoint the absolute size of their aerial prey. The work is reported by Stefan Schuster, now at the University of Erlangen-Nuremburg, and colleagues at the University of Freiburg.

Many animals are able to judge the absolute size of visual objects, a skill that becomes especially useful for tasks such as selecting prey. The ability to judge absolute size, however, requires that the visual system be able to perform a critical correction to account for distance between the eye and the viewed object: dramatic differences in the size of the actual retinal image occur as the distance between viewer and object changes. A situation in which this corrective requirement is especially challenging arises for animals that need to judge the size of aerial prey from an underwater vantage point. Here, as the study of Schuster and colleagues shows, the complex optical situation arising from distance and refraction requires precise understanding of the relationship between an object's apparent size and the fish's relative position to the object.

In the experiments reported by the researchers, archer fish viewed a set of eight disks at various heights above the water surface from various horizontal distances and selected one of the disks as a shooting target based only on its absolute size. Although nave fish often selected disks that would be too large to be swallowed, all could eventually learn to judge absolute size with great precision; in doing so, they perfectly accounted for the complex optical situation posed by their underwater viewpoint. In a series of experiments, the researchers showed that the f
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
617-397-2879
Cell Press
6-Sep-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. DuPont scientist named one of the worlds top young innovators by MITs Technology Review Magazine
2. Health of worlds sea lions the focus of Wakefield Symposium
3. Laboratory grows world record length carbon nanotube
4. Improved nutrition could reduce malaria burden worldwide
5. Study shows how consensus is attained in a noisy world
6. MSU group reviews Berkeley venture into brave new science funding world
7. From science fiction to reality: Nanomedicine brings fresh hope to the medical world
8. New world record magnet for chemical and biomedical research
9. Growing new breed of vaccine-producing plants to fight human diseases worldwide
10. Scientists describe the worlds smallest, lightest fish
11. Songbirds escaped from Australasia, conquered rest of world

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/21/2020)... ... August 18, 2020 , ... Sentien Biotechnologies, ... that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the company’s Investigational ... the treatment of severe COVID-19. Approval of this IND allows Sentien to initiate ...
(Date:8/12/2020)... ... August 11, 2020 , ... Both ... NJ, have entered into license agreements with Housey Pharma’s HMI subsidiary to gain ... and J&J have annual Research and Development spending in excess of US $10 ...
(Date:8/5/2020)... ... ... Regenative Labs has received approval from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services ... jelly allografts to be assigned a Q code and be approved for application directly ... allograft product to be recognized as a 361 HCT/P by CMS regulated under 21CFR ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/1/2020)... ... June 29, 2020 , ... ... procured purchasing contracts to its membership, recently named BioFit Engineered Products ... the opportunity to purchase ergonomic seating, cafeteria tables, book trucks and carts at ...
(Date:6/28/2020)... ... June 25, 2020 , ... The Indoor Lab, a ... Safe Space™ for businesses of all types to ensure cleanliness, distancing and occupancy with ... , A Safe Space™ enabled business will provide a health performance index system that ...
(Date:6/28/2020)... ... June 25, 2020 , ... Lumeda Inc. ... cancer, today announced the company has entered a license agreement with Roswell Park ... Lumeda globally exclusive rights to Roswell Park intellectual property surrounding a novel medical ...
(Date:6/23/2020)... ... June 23, 2020 , ... Kerafast Inc. , ... today announced the availability of the Delta-G-VSV Pseudotyping System for coronavirus research applications. ... studies of SARS-CoV-2 viral entry and COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness at just biosafety level ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: