HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Increase in rainfall variability related to global climate change

a future with more climate extremes. In the four-year field study, the researchers altered rainfall variability by increasing the amount of precipitation that falls in one storm, and lengthened the periods of time between rainfalls by 50 percent. That effectively increased the severity of dry periods between storms without altering the total amount of precipitation received during a growing season.

"When these native grassland plots, exposed to more variable rainfall patterns, were compared with plots that received rainfall in a natural pattern, the overall growth of all plants decreased," said Knapp. "More variable rainfall patterns led to lower amounts of water in the soil in the upper 30 centimeters. Since this is the soil depth where most plant roots occur, and where important soil microbes are most abundant, grasses there were water-stressed and the activity of below-ground organisms was reduced."

In contrast, said Collins, "the diversity of plants in plots with greater variability in rainfall patterns increased." Collins cites two possible explanations for this finding: "A high degree of variability in resources can lead to a greater number of co-existing species. Or reduced total productivity may have allowed less common species to increase in abundance." Regardless of the mechanism, said Collins, these results show that plant community structure can be significantly changed, and the cycling of carbon slowed, in as little as four years when grasslands are exposed to a more variable climate.

Concerns about predicted climate changes resulting from human activities often focus on the effects of increases in average air temperatures or changes in average precipitation amounts. But widely used climate models also predict increases in climate extremes, said Knapp, such as more frequent large rainfall events or more severe droughts. "It's important that we look at variability in a new way: not only from year to year or decade to deca
'"/>

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
cdybas@nsf.gov
703-292-8070
National Science Foundation
12-Dec-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Increased atmospheric carbon dioxide promotes algal growth
2. Increased temperature may prevent winter flounder from rebounding in east coast estuaries
3. Get your blood moving: Increased blood flow could lead to healthier blood vessels
4. Increased bone mass in a calcitonin knockout mouse full of surprises
5. Increased fiber curbs appetite in women
6. Increased CO2 levels are mixed blessing for agriculture
7. Increased awareness of stroke symptoms could dramatically reduce stroke disability
8. Increased use of chemicals in agriculture worldwide seen as major environmental threat
9. Increased consumption of soy protein may help lower cholesterol
10. Increased consumption of whole grain foods associated with decreased risk of stroke
11. Increased risk of wheeze and asthma in young children whose mothers smoke during the pregnancy

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Increase rainfall variability related global climate change

(Date:12/19/2014)... and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/8kmfcn/iphone_5s ) has announced ... - Apple/AuthenTec TMDR92 & Sapphire - Technology Report" ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 Following the acquisition of AuthenTec ... with the iPhone 5S. It is currently the only ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Dec. 18, 2014   LaunchKey , the first decentralized ... and Internet of Things era, today announced the close ... round was led by Metamorphic Ventures with participation from ... VegasTechFund, and others.  LaunchKey has raised $4 million to ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... YORK , Dec. 15, 2014  HITLAB SM ... (GCP) audit to confirm its adherence to current U.S. ... HITLAB to conduct regulated smart device and smart phone ... and research quality. "HITLAB is determined to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):iPhone 5S Fingerprint Sensor - Apple/AuthenTec TMDR92 & Sapphire - Technology Report 2LaunchKey Raises $3 Million in Additional Funding Led by Metamorphic Ventures 2LaunchKey Raises $3 Million in Additional Funding Led by Metamorphic Ventures 3HITLAB Completes GCP Audit for FDA Smart Device & App Compliance 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... DIEGO , Jan. 22, 2015   Cypher ... and Sequenom, Inc. (NASDAQ: SQNM ), ... development agreement for next generation noninvasive prenatal tests ... genome interpretation technology, called Mantis™, to advance analysis ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015   GenoSpace , a precision medicine software company that ... broad use of genomic, imaging and other biomedical data in ... Michelle Munson , CEO of Aspera, an IBM Company, to ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150122/170713 "We are pleased to ...
(Date:12/25/2014)... 2014 The report “Service Quality Management ... & Provider Type - Global Advancements, Worldwide Forecasts & ... in-depth analysis and forecasting of revenues. , Browse ... pages and in-depth TOC on “Service Quality Management (SQM) ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... YORK , Dec. 24, 2014 PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ... critical areas, announced the closing of an underwritten public offering ... up to an aggregate 3,500,000 shares of common stock, at ... warrant.  The warrants have a per share exercise price of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 3Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 4GenoSpace Expands Board with Appointment of Michelle Munson 2Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3
Cached News: