HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Insect yields clues to evolution of species

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) Studies of a California insect, the walking stick, are helping to illuminate the process of evolution of new species, according to research published in this weeks issue of Nature.

The insect, Timema cristinae, named for Cristina Sandoval, a researcher at the University of California, Santa Barbara who was the first to discover it, is found in the Santa Ynez Mountains on two types of plants. Essentially the walking sticks have evolved to look like a leaf of the plant they inhabit. Birds and lizards are its main predators.

"Youve got to have very good camouflage to trick a bird," said Sandoval, noting that birds have very good vision and are visual predators.

The insect exhibits two genetically determined color patterns. The unstriped insect is more commonly found on the plant Ceanothus spinosus (commonly called blue lilac) and a striped design is more common on those insects inhabiting the plant Adenostoma fasciculatum (commonly called chemise).

According to the study, the research provides the first clear demonstration that host-plant adaptation can promote the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation. The researchers tested hundreds of insects in the lab and found that those inhabiting the same type of plant were more likely to mate with each other than they were to mate with those residing on different plants -- even though they are the same species. The research indicates that habitat may play a crucial role in the early stages of separation into different species (speciation).

"We dont know why, but something about adapting to a host plant smell, size, or a combination of things drives this reproductive isolation," said Sandoval. "This is an example of speciation in process."

Additionally, information from DNA sequences revealed that such divergence in mating preferences and morphology has evolved numerous times in this species, according to the article. Thus, the research indica
'"/>

Contact: Gail Brown
gail.brown@ia.ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara
22-May-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Insecticide resistance: A constraint on evolutionary change
2. The scoop on poop: Insect feces, dead leaves may provide clues to health of world
3. Insect antibiotics Resistance is futile!
4. Insects survival, mating decrease with age in wild, researchers discover
5. Insect infestation models may shed light on insect and disease outbreaks
6. Insect bites on plants reduce photosynthesis, imaging device shows
7. Insects caught in a nutrient-poor food web
8. Insect defenses point the way to defeating bacterial antibiotic resistance
9. Bugscope Gives Internet Users Anywhere Chance To Study Insects
10. A Mothers Love? New UD Theory Explains Why Good Insect Moms Risk Death To Save Their Only Children
11. Human/Insect/Jellyfish Genes Team To Quiet "Hyper" Nerve Cells

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Insect yields clues evolution species

(Date:7/30/2014)... 2014 ResearchMoz presents this ... Systems Market 2014-2024   Business Strategies, Industry Trends, and ... Market 2014-2024" offers the reader detailed analysis of ... ten years, alongside potential market opportunities to enter ... To view the table of contents for ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... better decisions about what they eat, the Food and ... to the Nutrition Facts label found on nearly every ... Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly news ... updates and the fight that has ensued. , ... that while the Nutrition Facts label has remained largely ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Wallerian degeneration is a subject of major interest ... differentially regulated during the distinct stages of Wallerian ... differentiation and dedifferentiation. Although gene expression responses in ... peripheral nerve injury are known, differences in gene ... unclear. Dr. Dengbing Yao and co-workers from Nantong ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 2Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 3Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 4Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 5Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 6Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 7Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 8Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 9Global Government Biometric Systems Market Size, Share, Trends and Forecasts 2014-2024 Available Online by Researchmoz.us 10
(Date:7/30/2014)... Diego, CA (PRWEB) July 30, 2014 ... contract from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ... expertise in developmental toxicity models, including tests designed ... neuron formation and the formation of connections between ... Inhibition of neurodifferentiation and synapse formation by environmental ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... July 30, 2014 Immunology ... leading Immunologists, Principle Investigators, scientists in the field, ... Malemud, Professor at Case Western Reserve University School ... keynote address on “The effects of recombinant ... of matrix metalloproteinase-9”. Arya Biragyn, a Senior investigator ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... July 30, 2014 SoundConnect ... collaboration company, is proud to announce the strategic ... positions in their Boston, Charleston and Atlanta offices. ... the increased demand for hosted solutions, collaboration and ... and reduce cost. , SoundConnect was founded in ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... have hurdled a number of significant technological challenges ... observing technology originally created for the James Webb ... Investigator Harvey Moseley, a scientist at NASA,s Goddard ... that electrostatically actuated microshutter arrays that is, ... are as functional as the current technology,s magnetically ...
Breaking Biology Technology:U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Awards Vala Sciences a Second ToxCast Contract 2U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Awards Vala Sciences a Second ToxCast Contract 3Unveiling Breakthroughs in Clinical & Cellular Immunology 2Unveiling Breakthroughs in Clinical & Cellular Immunology 3SoundConnect Organization and Culture is Evolving 2Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 2Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 3Revolutionary microshutter technology hurdles significant challenges 4
Cached News: