HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
International trade imperils U.S. plants, animals and crops

e the Russian wheat aphid, that attack crops; parasitic plants like witch weed, which now affect corn farmers; or weeds, such as thistles, that invade cropland. Alien weeds like spotted knapweed, star thistle and cheat grass reduce the quality of rangeland for grazing cattle, while fungi and insects plague both croplands and forest trees. A recent arrival is the Asian long-horned beetle, first detected only in the past three years, now feasting on hardwood trees in the Northeast.

"This beetle came over from China in wood packaging material and is destroying street trees in several cities in the East," she said. "It has a very wide host range and, while it is currently feasting on a variety of maple species, it has the potential to expand to many other types of trees."

Crop weeds accounted for $26 billion in loss and control last year, while agricultural pests cost the country $14.4 billion, according to the report in Bioscience. Forest pests, on the other hand, cost $2.1 billion, counting control costs and lost production. Fire ants alone accounted for a billion dollars last year in control costs and the loss of rangeland in the Southeast and Texas.

Apart from economic damage, however, these invaders upset the ecosystem, preying on native species, outcompeting them and spreading disease. They also can alter ecosystem processes to the point that the systems can no longer support native species. Non-indigenous species are second only to land use change in causing species extinction, D'Antonio said.

"I don't think any native communities are entirely resistant to invasion," she said. "With repeated introduction of new propagules, you increase the probability that a few of them will establish themselves, and eventually some will cause the extinction of native species."

Propagules are larvae, seeds or pieces of plants or fungi capable of developing into mature adults.

One of the major sources of alien pathogens such as fungi are nursery pl
'"/>

Contact: Robert Sanders
rls@pa.urel.berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley
19-Feb-2000


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
2. USAID, Conservation International & Starbucks launch Conservation Coffee Alliance in Central America
3. ConocoPhillips & Conservation International launch Biodiversity Action Plan in Venezuela
4. A room with a view for the International Space Station: Completion of the cupola observation module
5. International symposium on nutritional genomics
6. First International Scientific Conference on Childhood Leukaemia
7. 1st International Conference on Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease
8. International research conferences at the Villa Vigoni
9. Conservation International & SC Johnson invest in Ecuadors rainforest to offset climate impacts
10. STN International launches Derwent World Patents Index First View
11. Media invited to attend International Society For Heart & Lung Transplantation meeting April 21-24

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: International trade imperils plants animals and crops

(Date:3/23/2015)... 23, 2015   HOYOS Labs , a leading ... announced that the Company will demonstrate multiple biometrics-based technologies ... consumers at Connect:ID on March 23 through 25, 2015, ... will highlight the IEEE Biometric Open Protocol Standard; free ... enterprise access control system. BOPS was invented by HOYOS ...
(Date:3/20/2015)... OXFORD, Conn. , March 20, 2015 ... "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on the growing ... Wocket® smart wallet is one of the products featured ... today, March 20th at 11:00 PM EST on the ... travels to Las Vegas , site ...
(Date:3/17/2015)... SAN DIEGO , March 17, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... and emotion analytics software, today announced general availability ... on-demand web service for the analysis of facial ... they experience advertising, media content, products and services. ... customer attention, engagement and sentiment - as derived ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 2HOYOS Labs to Showcase Host of Biometrics Technologies at Connect:ID in Washington, D.C. 3NXT-ID's Wocket Biometric Smart Wallet to Air on "I Want That" International CES Special 2NXT-ID's Wocket Biometric Smart Wallet to Air on "I Want That" International CES Special 3New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 2New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 3New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 4
(Date:4/16/2015)... Grove, IL (PRWEB) April 16, 2015 ... the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) annual ... the Pennsylvania Convention Center, starting Saturday, April 18, in ... AACR holds claim to title of the oldest and ... journals, provides fellowships and grants, and partners with survivors ...
(Date:4/16/2015)...  In recognition of World Hemophilia Day, Biogen  (NASDAQ: ... illuminate more than 15 prominent landmarks red throughout ... Zakim Bridge and Prudential Tower, Chicago,s ... Superdome and Denver,s Coors Field ... 17, and coincide with hemophilia community events in a dozen ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... , April 16, 2015 ... the Russian pharmaceutical investment and R&D group, ... collaboration for research, development and commercialization of ... with the intention to stimulate the ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150416/739742-a) ,     (Logo: ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... 2015 Avelas Biosciences, an in vivo ... announced today that it has initiated a Phase 1b ... women with primary, non-recurrent breast cancer undergoing surgery. In ... addition of Steven Chen , M.D., as vice ... dose escalation study will enroll up to 39 women ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Regis Technologies Joins American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2Biogen Shines A Light On Hemophilia Community By Illuminating U.S. Landmarks Red On World Hemophlia Day 2Biogen Shines A Light On Hemophilia Community By Illuminating U.S. Landmarks Red On World Hemophlia Day 3Biogen Shines A Light On Hemophilia Community By Illuminating U.S. Landmarks Red On World Hemophlia Day 4Lancet and ChemRar High Tech Center Have Announced a Partnership in the Development and Production of Novel Drugs in Russia 2Avelas Biosciences Initiates Phase 1b Trial of AVB-620 in Breast Cancer Patients 2Avelas Biosciences Initiates Phase 1b Trial of AVB-620 in Breast Cancer Patients 3
Cached News: