HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
It may take a mouse to understand the behavior of 'jumping genes'

(Philadelphia, PA) Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have bred a mouse to model human L1 retrotransposons, the so-called "jumping genes." Retrotransposons are small stretches of DNA that are copied from one location in the genome and inserted elsewhere, typically during the genesis of sperm and egg cells. The L1 variety of retrotransposons, in particular, are responsible for about one third of the human genome.

The mouse model of L1 retrotransposition is expected to increase our understanding of the nature of jumping genes and their implication in disease. According to the Penn researchers, the mouse model may also prove to be a useful tool for studying how a gene functions by knocking it out through L1 insertion. Their report is in the December issue of Nature Genetics and currently available online (see below for URL).

"There are about a half million L1 sequences in the human genome, of which 80 to 100 remain an active source of mutation," said Haig H. Kazazian, Jr., MD, Chair of Penn's Department of Genetics and senior author in the study. "This animal model will help us better understand how this happens, as well as provide a useful tool for discovering the function of known genes."

In humans, retrotransposons cause mutations in germ line cells, such as sperm, which continually divide and multiply. Like an errant bit of computer code that gets reproduced and spread online, retrotransposons are adept at being copied from one location and placed elsewhere in the chromosomes. When retrotransposons are inserted into important genes, they can cause disease, such as hemophilia and muscular dystrophy. On the other hand, retrotransposons have been around for 500 to 600 million years, and have contributed a lot to evolutionary change.

"In the grand scheme of evolution, retrotransposons have behaved like fickle gods, arbitrarily wreaking havoc in some and benefiting others," said Kazazian. "Retrotransposons can cause new
'"/>

Contact: Greg Lester
lesterg@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
3-Dec-2002


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Spontaneous mutation produces new MAO A/B knockout mouse
2. Single isolated mouse skin cell can generate into variety of epidermal tissues
3. Genetically-engineered marathon mouse keeps on running
4. When is a mouse like a test tube?
5. Mighty mouse gene works the same way in people
6. Utah scientist helps discover new mouse species -- and maybe a new genus
7. Susceptibility of mice to mousepox offers promise of smallpox protection
8. New mouse species found in the Philippines
9. Worlds oldest mouse celebrates milestone birthday
10. Scientists compare rat genome with human, mouse
11. Migraine mouse provides insight into neurobiology of devastating headaches

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: may take mouse understand the behavior jumping genes

(Date:4/15/2014)... Biologists at UC San Diego have succeeded in ... hormone responsible for growth and resistance to drought. ... studies to determine how the hormone helps plants ... by the continuing increase in the atmosphere,s carbon ... achievement appears in the April 15 issue of ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Looking at the question of how social behavior has ... universities in Mainz and Basel have gained new insights ... simply compete for food. Rather the siblings share what ... absent," explained Dr. Jol Meunier of the Evolutionary Biology ... University of Mainz (JGU). The team of biologists from ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... (April 15, 2014) The American Association of Anatomists ... All awards will be presented during the Closing ... Hotel on Tuesday, April 29th at 7:30 p.m. during ... , The 2014 award winners are: , ... PhD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biologists develop nanosensors to visualize movements and distribution of plant hormone 2Sibling cooperation in earwig families gives clues to early evolution of social behavior 2American Association of Anatomists 2014 award winners 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... January 15, 2014 This webinar ... on nonclinical and clinical safety assessment in biosimilars. ... guide a path for biosimilar drug development, however ... of biosimilarity with regards to quality, safety and ... of biosimilar drug development and registration, development strategies ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... NC (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 ... an enhancement to its Online Web Portal for Life ... now have the ability to specify the subject matter ... nearly 50 life science sub-domains. This will help reduce ... and scientific fields, and decrease the likelihood of error. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Doylestown, PA (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... – 11 p.m. , Location: Warrington Country Club, 1360 ... Hepatitis B Foundation, the only national nonprofit organization solely ... improving the quality of life for those affected worldwide, ... 11 at Warrington Country Club in Warrington, Pa. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... York, NY (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... initiated coverage of Alliqua, Inc. (OTCQB: ALQA). Alliqua ... and marketing proprietary products to serve the wound ... , In late 2012, Alliqua was restructured ... launched the company’s new strategy to become a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Xtalks Life Sciences Webinar Examines Safety Assessment of Biosimilars 2DTS Improves Efficiency for Life Science Document Translations 2Hepatitis B Foundation to Host Annual Crystal Ball Gala 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3
Cached News: